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however
used in Freakonomics

2 meanings, 30 uses
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1  —26 uses as in:
However, complications may...
Definition
though (or another expression that connects contrasting ideas)

(Based on idea 1 we might not expect idea 2, but this is a way of saying that even though idea 1 exists, we still have idea 2.  Synonyms include in spite of that, , nevertheless, nonetheless, on the other hand, in contrastand but.)
  • Nor, however, does using a computer at home turn a child into Einstein: the ECLS data show no correlation between computer use and school test scores.
    p. 174.9
Other Uses (with this meaning)
  • Real-estate sales, however, are a matter of public record.
    p. 6.8
  • Unless you have more information, however, it's hard to say what's causing what.
    p. 9.2
  • However, they can be beat at their own game.
    p. 12.9
  • A year earlier, however, these students did even worse, averaging just 4.
    p. 31.2
  • He only had the resources to retest 120 classrooms, however, so he asked the creators of the cheating algorithm to help choose which classrooms to test.
    p. 34.1
  • There are, however, several good holidays: the weeks that include the Fourth of July, Labor Day, and Columbus Day.
    p. 48.7
  • But within barely a decade, the Klan had been extinguished, largely by legal and military interventions out of Washington, D.C. If the Klan itself was defeated, however, its aims had largely been achieved through the establishment of Jim Crow laws.
    p. 52.5
  • Later, however, in the cool-headed calm of your home, you can use the Internet to find out exactly how much the dealer paid the manufacturer for that car.
    p. 65.4
  • It does, however, indicate that when a real-estate agent labels a house "well maintained," she may be subtly encouraging a buyer to bid low.
    p. 71.2
  • They did, however, pay dues to the gang—some for protection from rival gangs, others for the chance to eventually earn a job as a foot soldier.
    p. 97.4
  • A third of them, however, were typically imprisoned at any time, a significant downside of an up position in an illicit industry.
    p. 99.6
  • For a foot soldier, however, violence served a purpose.
    p. 105.8
  • By the 1980s, however, the courts had begun to radically reverse that trend.
    p. 109.8
  • Lost in the debate, however, are two important facts.
    p. 123.1
  • Does merely increasing the number of police, however, reduce crime?
    p. 125.0
  • Rudolph Giuliani, however, did not become mayor—and install Bratton until early 1994.
    p. 128.4
  • There was another demographic change, however, unforeseen and long-gestating, that did drastically reduce crime in the 1990s.
    p. 136.6
  • Perhaps the most dramatic effect of legalized abortion, however, and one that would take years to reveal itself, was its impact on crime.
    p. 139.7
  • One hundred years earlier, however, L. Emmett Holt cautioned that a baby is not a "plaything."
    p. 148.6
  • The per-hour death rate of driving versus flying, however, is about equal.
    p. 151.8
  • There was, however, one group of students in Chicago who did see a dramatic change: those who entered a technical school or career academy.
    p. 160.5
  • A typical black child and white child from the same socioeconomic background, however, have the same abilities in math and reading upon entering kindergarten.
    p. 166.5
  • It should, however, offer encouragement to the roughly twenty million American schoolchildren being raised by a single parent.
    p. 170.7
  • They do, however, tend to catch up with their peers in later grades.
    p. 173.2
  • A caution to prospective parents who are shopping for a "smart" name: remember that such a name won't make your child smart; it will, however, give her the same name as other smart kids—at least for a while.
    p. 199.7

There are no more uses of "however" flagged with this meaning in Freakonomics.

Typical Usage  (best examples)
Dictionary / pronunciation — Google®Dictionary / more samples — Oxford® USDictionary list — Onelook.com®
2  —1 use as in:
However much she tried...
Definition
to whatever degree (regardless of how much; or whatever unspecified amount)
  • Yes, shorting the bagel man is white-collar crime, writ however small.
    p. 45.5
however = regardless of how
There are no more uses of "however" flagged with this meaning in Freakonomics.

Typical Usage  (best examples)
Dictionary / pronunciation — Google®Dictionary / more samples — Oxford® USDictionary list — Onelook.com®
?  —3 uses
exact meaning not specified
  • However a person feels about abortion, a question is likely to come to mind: what are we to make of the trade-off of more abortion for less crime?
    p. 142.9
  • Since the science of economics is primarily a set of tools, as opposed to a subject matter, then no subject, however offbeat, need be beyond its reach.
    p. 13.9
  • However created, the conventional wisdom can be hard to budge.
    p. 87.9

There are no more uses of "however" in Freakonomics.

Typical Usage  (best examples)
Dictionary / pronunciation — Google®Dictionary list — Onelook.com®