Both Uses of
The Communist Manifesto
- An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility, an armed and self-governing association in the mediaeval commune; here independent urban republic (as in Italy and Germany), there taxable "third estate" of the monarchy (as in France), afterwards, in the period of manufacture proper, serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility, and, in fact, corner-stone of the great monarchies in general, the bourgeoisie has at last, since the…†
- The mediaeval burgesses and the small peasant proprietors were the precursors of the modern bourgeoisie.†
(medieval) relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages
(European history from about 5th to the 16th centuries that is often thought of as a time of instability, superstition, plagues, feudal lords, and knighthood)editor's notes: The Middle Ages began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and was followed by the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.