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100 Words Encountered in

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golf handicap
Her golf handicap is 15.†
golf handicap = the number of strokes over the standard (par) that one averages over four rounds at a golf course
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NASCAR (auto racing)
NASCAR claims to have higher U.S. television ratings than every sport except the NFL.†
NASCAR = National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing sanctions auto races like the Daytona 500 for cars with the basic chassis of  cars sold to the general public ("stocked" in auto showrooms)
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Formula One (auto racing)
Formula One cars race up to speeds of over 200 miles an hour.†
Formula One = Formula One (F1 aka Grand Prix racing)  is the world's most popular form of auto racing with 150-200 mile races covering straightaways and frequent turns — often on closed-off public streets
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Ivy League
She wants to attend an Ivy League school.
Ivy League = a group of universities and colleges in the northeastern United States that have a reputation for scholastic achievement and social prestige
DefinitionGenerally Ivy League means:
a group of universities and colleges in the northeastern United States that regularly compete  against each other in sports and have a reputation for scholastic achievement and social prestige

(Specifically:  Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Penn, Princeton, & Yale)
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muster
as in:
muster strength or the crew
She mustered the courage to introduce herself.
mustered = gathered
DefinitionGenerally this sense of muster means:
to gather

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
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mockery
I will not permit the defendant to make a mockery of this trial.
mockery = something that is ridiculous
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
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Library29 uses in 10 avg bks
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omen
He looked for an omen before going into battle.
omen = a sign of what would happen
DefinitionGenerally omen means:
a sign of something about to happen
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byline
He uses Jonathan in his byline, but everyone calls him Jon.
byline = a line giving the name of the writer of an article — typically at the top of the article
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officiate
accused of betting on games at which he officiated
officiated = act in an official capacity — such as when enforcing rules at a sports event or presiding over a wedding ceremony
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growth hormone
She said studies don't support claims that human growth hormone improves athletic performance.†
growth hormone = a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that promotes growth in humans
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farce
as in:
the meeting was a farce
The peace talks have become a farce.
farce = a situation that is so badly organized or going so poorly that it seems ridiculous
DefinitionGenerally this sense of farce means:
a situation that is so badly organized or going so poorly that it seems ridiculous

or:

a situation that is made to look like one thing, but is really another

or more specifically:

a situation that is supposed to be fair, but is completely unfair
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oblivious
She is oblivious to the dangers.
oblivious = unaware of
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apparent
The effects of the drought are apparent to anyone who sees the dry fields.
apparent = clear or obvious
DefinitionGenerally apparent means:
clear or obvious; or appearing as such but not necessarily so
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brouhaha
She waded into the brouhaha over the political ad.†
brouhaha = a confused disturbance far greater than its cause merits — especially noise and/or criticism
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contract
as in:
legal contract
She signed the contract.
contract = a written agreement that is enforceable by law
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contract means:
an agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
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debut
The band debuts a new song or two every month.
debuts = introduces (or presents for the first time)
DefinitionGenerally debut means:
a first presentation - such as:
  • the first performance of a new play
  • the introduction of a new product
  • the introduction of a young woman to society at a social event held in her honor (a debutante ball)
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ruse
She pretended to need help with her homework as a ruse to see him again.
ruse = a deceptive maneuver — such as a trick or lie
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dominate
The defending World Champions dominated their unranked opponent.
dominated = controlled
DefinitionGenerally dominate means:
to control; or to be most influential, powerful, or conspicuous
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general manager
The general manager denied the rumors of a trade.†
general manager = the highest ranking manager
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rout
We routed the other team.
routed = defeated in an overwhelming manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of rout means:
an overwhelming defeat; or a disorderly retreat
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center (basketball position)
Marc Gasol plays the center position for the Memphis Grizzilies basketball team.†
center position = basketball:  one of the standard positions in a regulation basketball game — typically the tallest, strongest player
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point guard
Allen Iverson is a great point guard.†
point guard = basketball position; primary ballhandler who also sets up the offense
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power forward (basketball)
Tim Duncan is a great power forward.†
power forward = basketball position noted for tall, strong players who play down low, rebound, blocks shots, and score inside
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shooting guard
Kobe Bryant is a great shooting guard.†
shooting guard = basketball position also called the off-guard or two-guard; relative to the point guard, handles the basketball less, shoots more — especially from 3-point range
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acquire
Children acquire language at an amazing rate.
acquire = obtain (come into the possession of something)
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emerge
China recently emerged as a world power.
emerged = came out (became)
DefinitionGenerally emerge means:
to come out, or to appear
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hamstrung
Efforts are hamstrung by out-dated regulations.†
hamstrung = make less effective or powerless
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firsthand
I heard this story firsthand.†
firsthand = received directly from the original source; or experienced in person
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perimeter
Don't go beyond the perimeter of the campgrounds.
perimeter = the outer edge
DefinitionGenerally perimeter means:
the outer edge — in various senses such as:
  • stay inside the defensive perimeter — the outer edges of the area that is defended
  • on the city's perimeter — one of the outer edges of the city
  • What is the perimeter? — the sum of the length of the sides of a geometric shape — such as a square
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synthetic
The couch is covered with synthetic leather.
synthetic = artificial (man-made rather than natural)
DefinitionGenerally synthetic means:
artificial (man-made rather than natural)

or more rarely:

apparent, but not genuine
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versatile
She is a versatile thinker.†
versatile = useful or skillful in many different ways
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bronze
She received the bronze medal at the Olympics.
bronze = a metal alloy of copper and (usually) tin (that is given at the Olympics for a third place finish)
DefinitionGenerally bronze means:
a reddish brown metal that is made of copper and (usually) tin

or:

the reddish-brown color of the metal (such as a bronze tan)

or:

something made of the alloy — such as a sculpture
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poise
She has great charm and great poise.
poise = composure; or calm confidence — even when under pressure
DefinitionGenerally poise means:
in control or prepared

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
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designate
2 meanings
as in:
designated driver
I'll be the designated driver.
designated = assigned (for a particular purpose)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of designate means:
assign someone or something for a particular purpose
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as in:
designated by a star on the map
State capital cities are designated on the map by stars.
designated = signified (indicated in a particular way)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of designate means:
indicate or signify (show something in a particular way)
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designated hitter
We disagree about the American League's designated hitter rule.†
designated hitter = baseball:  a player who is designated to bat in place of the pitcher
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cornerback (football)
Asante Samuel is a great cornerback.†
cornerback = football:  one of two defensive players who line up closest to the sideline to defend against passes — especially to the wide receivers
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blitz
as in:
blitz the quarterback
He's especially good at responding to a blitz.
blitz = American football:  a defensive maneuver to swiftly tackle the quarterback by pursuing him with one or more defenders who normally remain behind the line of scrimmage
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compliant
as in:
compliant with the law
The company was fined for not being regulation 4.3 compliant.
compliant = conforming to rules
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midfielder (soccer)
Midfielders require incredible stamina and range on the soccer field.†
midfielders = soccer player who typically play in the middle third of the field and who assist with both defense and offense
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slider
He has a wicked slider.†
slider = baseball:  a pitch that appears to be a fastball, but has some break like a curveball
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feint
The attack from the south was just a feint to distract us from the real attack.†
Mark Twain  --  The Innocents Abroad
feint = any distracting or deceptive maneuver; or the act of making the maneuver
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guile
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
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breaking ball (baseball)
The slowest of Anderson's three breaking balls is a curveball.†
breaking balls = baseball:  a pitch which does not travel straight like a fastball
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penultimate
She was murdered in the penultimate episode.†
penultimate = next to the last
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goaltending (basketball)
International basketball doesn't follow the NBA goaltending rule.†
goaltending = basketball:  interference with a shot by:

Touching the ball while the ball:
   1.  is on its downward trajectory toward the basket
   2.  has touched the backboard and is moving toward the basket
   3.  is/has bounced above the rim and has a chance of falling into the basket
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ligament
She tore a knee ligament and has to miss the rest of the season.†
ligament = a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages
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hat trick
scored a hat trick
hat trick = the achievement of 3 positive feats in a sport
DefinitionGenerally hat trick means:
the achievement of 3 positive feats in a sport such as:
  • soccer or hockey or lacrosse — 3 or more goals scored in a game by a single player
  • rugby — 3 or more scores in a single game by the same player
  • cycling — 3 or more stages won in a single tour — especially if won consecutively
  • darts — 3 consecutive bullseyes by the same player in the same match
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trivia
The game show places a premium on remembering trivia.
trivia = facts or details that are generally considered unimportant
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corner kick (soccer)
She headed it in off of a corner kick.†
corner kick = an unopposed kick from the corner of the goal line that is awarded to the attacking team when the ball goes out-of-bounds past the defender's goal line and was last touched by a defender
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free kick (soccer)
Her goal off of a free kick sealed the victory.†
free kick = an unopposed kick awarded to a team due an infraction by the opposing team
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penalty kick (PK) (soccer)
The long-armed keeper snatched the penalty kick just outside the net.†
penalty kick = a foul kick taken from 12 yards in front of the goal and defended only by the goalkeeper who cannot advance beyond the goal line until the shot is taken
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contend
as in:
She contended for the gold medal
Militant groups are contending for control of the country
contending = competing
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contend means:
to compete
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sprain
She sprained her ankle.
sprained = injured the ligaments of a joint caused by stretching them too far — most commonly injuring the ankle

(ligaments are the tough, fibrous bands that connect bones across joints)
DefinitionGenerally sprain means:
injury to the ligaments of a joint caused by stretching them too far — most commonly injuring the ankle

(ligaments are the tough, fibrous bands that connect bones across joints)
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strain
She lifted something too heavy and strained her back.†
strained her back = Injury to muscles or tendons
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friendly match (soccer)
She was injured in a friendly match with a team from Mexico.†
friendly match = soccer:  a match that is not a part of an official competition
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Yogi Berra
Yogi Berra famously said of a restaurant, "Nobody goes there no more, it's too crowded!"†
Yogi Berra = beloved and successful U.S. baseball player famous for "Yogiisms" such as "Ninety percent of this game is half mental." (b. 1925)
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furlong
She seized the lead in the final furlong and never looked back.†
furlong = a unit of length equal to 220 yards (1/8 of a mile)
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fibula
Tissue from the fibula is sometimes used to reconstruct the mandible.†
fibula = the calf bone (running from the ankle to the knee)
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topspin
She can hit the ball with a lot of topspin.†
topspin = when a ball is struck so that it spins forward and thus downward after being hit
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curveball
The curveball was huge and sloping, and with a 12-mph differential from the fastball.†
curveball = baseball:  a pitch thrown with a rotation that makes the ball curve

or more generally:  anything that behaves indirectly, erratically, or surprisingly
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intrastate
Improving the road is a priority of the Florida Intrastate Highway System.†
intrastate = relating to or existing within the boundaries of a state
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volley
3 meanings

in volleyball
They were especially excited to win such a long volley.
volley = many uninterrupted returns over the net
DefinitionGenerally this sense of volley means:
to hit the ball before it touches the ground

or:

in the form, long volley:  many uninterrupted returns over the net
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in tennis
She won the set on a back-hand volley.
volley = a tennis stroke in which a player hits the ball before it bounces
DefinitionGenerally this sense of volley means:
a tennis stroke in which a player hits the ball before it bounces

or:

in the form, long volley:  many uninterrupted returns over the net
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in soccer
From 18-yards out, she kicked a volley into the upper corner of the net.
volley = soccer:  kicking the ball while it is in flight
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inherent
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes the inherent dignity of each person.
inherent = existing as an inseparable part or characteristic
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small forward
LeBron James has started at the small forward and power forward positions.†
small forward = basketball position noted for a versatile player who can play inside and outside; usually smaller and quicker than the power forward
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patella
He fractured his patella playing basketball.†
patella = the kneecap (a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint)
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preeminent
To remain a preeminent military power, a nation must be a preeminent economic power†
preeminent = high status due to widely acknowledged superiority
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Triple Crown
2 meanings

in baseball
Lou Gehrig won the triple crown before getting sick.†
Triple Crown = an unofficial title won by a batter who ends the season with the leagues highest batting average, runs batted in, and home runs
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in horse racing
The Kentucky Derby is my favorite race of the Triple Crown.
Triple Crown = a title won by a horse that can win the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes and the Preakness
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inflammation
inflammation around the wound†
inflammation = swelling, redness, and other body tissue response to injury or infection
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no-hitter
He pitched a no-hitter; though it wasn't a perfect game.
no-hitter = baseball:  a game in which a pitcher allows the opposing team no hits
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tibia
The gymnast has bone spurs that cause extreme pain by digging into her tibia.†
tibia = the shin bone (running from the knee to the ankle)
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Lou Gehrig
Lou Gehrig set the record for most career grand slams before his career was cut short by ALS.
Lou Gehrig = admired U.S. baseball player who hit 23 grand slam home runs before he had to retire because he was stricken with ALS (1903-1941)
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clavicle
He broke his clavicle and wrist in a motorcycle accident.†
clavicle = the collar bone (linking the scapula and sternum)
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rue
You'll rue the day you betrayed me.
rue the day = to feel sadness and regret
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goal kick (soccer)
Her header hit the upright before bouncing out to give us a goal kick.†
goal kick = a way to put the ball into play when it goes out-of-bounds beyond the goal line and was last touched by the team attacking the goal

(The defending team gets an unopposed kick from the corner of the goal area which is a box extending six yards in front of the goal.)
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let (tennis)
After serving a let three consecutive times, the American measured the net.†
a let = generally a serve that strikes the net before falling into the service box, though a "let" can also be called due to outside interference during a rally
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prevent defense (football)
The Steelers scored against a prevent defense in the final seconds.†
prevent defense = football:  adding an additional pass defender to prevent long gains by the offense
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† 
Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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