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Missouri Compromise

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Definition an agreement between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States which, among other things, admitted Missouri as a slave state and Main as free state to maintain the balance of free and slave states
  • "Tell you, Atticus," Cousin Ike would say, "the Missouri Compromise was what licked us, but if I had to go through it agin I'd walk every step of the way there an' every step back jist like I did before an' furthermore we'd whip 'em this time... now in 1864, when Stonewall Jackson came around by— I beg your pardon, young folks."
    Harper Lee  --  To Kill a Mockingbird
Missouri Compromise = agreement between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States
  • Maintain the Missouri Compromise!
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • I've got about seventy-five other things to do and the Missouri Compromise to straighten out, but I'll take your case.
    Stephen Vincent Benét  --  The Devil and Daniel Webster
  • In eighteen twenty, the Missouri Compromise opened the way for Missouri to come into the Union as a slave state and Maine to come in as a free state.
    Octavia Butler  --  Kindred
  • In that same year, 1820, the year of the Missouri Compromise, Thomas Garrett and his wife, Sarah, both Quakers, moved from Darby, Pennsylvania, to Wilmington, Delaware.
    Ann Petry  --  Harriet Tubman
  • He was born with the Missouri Compromise and lay a-dying amid the echoes of Manila and El Caney: stirring times for living, times dark to look back upon, darker to look forward to.
    W. E. B. Du Bois  --  The Souls of Black Folk
  • The repeal of the Missouri Compromise in 1854, which started the dissolution of both major parties and created a fluid political situation, once again aroused Lincoln's hopes.
    Richard Hofstadter  --  Abraham Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth
  • The Missouri Compromise of 1820—whereby Missouri was admittedas a slave state, Maine (until then part of Massachusetts) as a free state, and slavery excluded in the Louisiana Territory north of latitude 36® 30'—left Adams in torment over the future.
    David McCullough  --  John Adams
  • On March 2nd, the Senate passed the Kansas-Nebraska Bill which repealed the Missouri Compromise restriction and divided the Nebraska Territory into two territories: Kansas and Nebraska.
    Ann Petry  --  Harriet Tubman
  • More important, they said they would work to make the Fugitive Slave Law a joke, make it as worthless as the Compromise of 1820, which the South had agreed to and then junked as part of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill.
    Ann Petry  --  Harriet Tubman
  • The Court said that: Scott was not a person or a citizen but a piece of slave property that must be returned to slavery; the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and therefore slavery could not be forbidden in the Territories.
    Ann Petry  --  Harriet Tubman
  • Sam Houston looked upon the Missouri Compromise, which he had supported in 1820 as a youthful Congressman from Tennessee, as a solemn and sacred compact between North and South, in effect a part of the Constitution when Texas was admitted into the Union.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • In 1854, men talked of Kansas and Nebraska, and of the Little Giant—Stephen Douglas, the handsome black-haired Senator from Illinois—who was trying to persuade the Senate to repeal the slavery restriction clause in the Missouri Compromise, as part of his Kansas-Nebraska Bill.
    Ann Petry  --  Harriet Tubman
  • To extend the slavery line of the Missouri Compromise into California and thus split the state, or to delay its admission by tying it to this Omnibus Bill, was reprehensible to Benton, the father-in-law of Colonel John Fremont, hero of California's exploration and development.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • Unfortunately, until it was too late, Benton refused to recognize slavery as a major issue, believed that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 (which brought his state into the Union and Benton to the Senate) had taken it out of politics, and refused to debate it on the Senate floor.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • Stephen Douglas and some of his colleagues in Congress had secured the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which, by opening some new territory, formally at least, to slavery, repealed the part of the thirty-four-year-old Missouri Compromise that barred slavery from territory north of 36® 30' .
    Richard Hofstadter  --  Abraham Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth
  • It repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and reopened the slavery extension issue thought settled in the Compromise of 1850, by permitting the residents of that vast94 territory from Iowa to the Rockies to decide the slavery question for themselves, on the assumption that the northern part of the territory would be free and the southern part slave.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • ...electoral ticket, "but owing to the hopelessness of the cause in Illinois he did less than in previous presidential canvasses"; 1854—".... his profession had almost superseded the thought of politics in his mind, when the repeal of the Missouri Compromise aroused him as he had never been before"; 1856—"made over fifty speeches" in the campaign for Fremont; prominently mentioned in the Republican national convention for the vice-presidential nomination...... The rest of the story is...
    Richard Hofstadter  --  Abraham Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth

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