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gratuitous
used in Tess of the d'Urbervilles

3 uses
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Definition
unnecessary and unwarranted

or less commonly (except where it is common in the legal field):  costing nothing
  • "Dear father," he said sadly, "I wish you would not expose yourself to such gratuitous pain from scoundrels!"
    4 — The Consequence (20% in)
  • To her and her like, birth itself was an ordeal of degrading personal compulsion, whose gratuitousness nothing in the result seemed to justify, and at best could only palliate.
    6 — The Convert (88% in)
  • They were only women; they were not regular labourers; they were not particularly required anywhere; hence they had to hire a waggon at their own expense, and got nothing sent gratuitously.
    6 — The Convert (89% in)

There are no more uses of "gratuitous" in Tess of the d'Urbervilles.

Typical Usage  (best examples)
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