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adapt
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
adapted to the new rules
He waited for a minute to give his eyes time to adapt to the dark, and the little sparkles of light in his eyes as they adjusted to the darkness eventually faded away, while cool, dry air roared around his face and whiffled the hair on his forehead.†
adapt = change to fit a different situation; or make suitable
From page 216.7  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of adapt means:
changed to fit a different situation; or made suitable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 2, p.216.7
Web Links
bacteria
10 uses
Even fungi and bacteria are inhabited by viruses and are occasionally destroyed by them.
bacteria = microorganisms (living creatures so small it takes a microscope to see them)
From page 84.5  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally bacteria means:
microorganisms (living creatures so small it takes a microscope to see them) that can both cause disease and be beneficial. They are different and larger than viruses.
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2, p.185
Web Links
cardiac
2 uses
Their father was in cardiac failure, and the doctor had been asking if the family wanted him to undertake extreme lifesaving measures.
cardiac = heart
From page 347.3  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally cardiac means:
of or relating to the heart
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2, p.239.6
Web Links
contradict
1 use
The events that followed have a dreamlike quality in people's memories, and the memories are contradictory.†
contradictory = in disagreement
From page 336.5  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally contradict means:
disagree
in various senses, including:
  • to say something is not true — as in "She contradicted his testimony."
  • to say something else is true when both can't be true — as in "I don't believe her. She contradicted herself as she told us what happened."
  • to be in conflict with — as in "Her assertions contradict accepted scientific principles."
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 3, p.336.5
Web Links
contrast
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
contrast their writing styles
By contrast, yellow fever, which is considered a highly lethal virus, kills only about one in twenty patients once they reach a hospital.†
by contrast = in a comparison that shows differences
From page 36.9  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrast means:
point to differences between; or compare to show differences
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 1, p.36.9
Web Links
diagnose
10 uses
Unable to diagnose himself, in severe pain, and unable to continue with his work, he presented himself to Dr. Antonia Bagshawe, a physician at Nairobi Hospital.†
diagnose = determine or identify the nature of a problem or an illness
From page 30.4  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2, p.249.7
Web Links
dispose
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
disposed the troops along...
The governor scooped up the money and pledged his full co-operation together with all the extensive resources of government at his disposal —and he loaned them two Land Rovers.†
disposal = command

(editor's note:  When something is "at someone's disposal" it is "at their command," or "available for their use." They can use it as they please.)
From page 124.7  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dispose means:
the arrangement, positioning, or use of things
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 1, p.124.7
Web Links
establish
4 uses
1  —4 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Life had established itself in the monkey house.†
established = settled
From page 411.9  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 1, p.42.2
Web Links
grave
1 use
She became gravely ill with l'epidemie, or "the epidemic," as they had begun to call it.†
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
From page 104.5  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 1, p.104.5
Web Links
imply
3 uses
He said, "I can have anybody I want in my group"—implying that he didn't want her because she wasn't good enough—and he mentioned the great Thoroughbred stallion Secretariat.†
implying = suggesting (saying indirectly)
From page 61.1  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally imply means:
to suggest or say indirectly — possibly as a logical consequence
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st usePart 1, p.61.1
Web Links
Nairobi
28 uses
The doctors thought he should go to Nairobi Hospital, which is the best private hospital in East Africa.
Nairobi = the capital and largest city of Kenya; a center for tourist safaris
From page 16.1  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
Word Statistics
Book28 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1, p.16.1
Web Links
nevertheless
1 use
McCormick nevertheless volunteered to go there to try to collect some human blood and bring the strain back alive to Atlanta.†
nevertheless = in spite of that (used to connect contrasting ideas)
From page 260.8  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally nevertheless means:
in spite of that (Used to connect contrasting ideas. Other synonyms could include words and phrases such as nonetheless, all the same, still,  and however.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 2, p.260.8
Web Links
pathology
14 uses
Nancy had joined Johnson's Ebola project as the pathologist.†
pathologist = a doctor who specializes in the study of disease by studying cells and tissues under a microscope
From page 60  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally pathology means:
the study of disease by studying cells and tissues under a microscope; or a disease
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1, p.60
Web Links
phenomenon
1 use
It gives a narrow but disturbing view of the larger phenomenon of the origin and spread of tropical viruses.†
phenomenon = something that exists or happened — often of special interest
From page 43.3  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally phenomenon means:
something that exists or happened — especially something of special interest — sometimes someone or something that is extraordinary
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 1, p.43.3
Web Links
positive   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
I'm absolutely positive!
He had heard that the place had experts who could identify monkey diseases, and he wanted to get a positive identification of the sickness.†
positive = with certainty
From page 173.3  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of positive means:
certain (having no doubt; or used for emphasis)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2, p.173.3
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
The test came back positive.
All four men eventually tested positive for Ebola Reston virus.†
positive = indicating that a condition was found
From page 360.8  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally this sense of positive means:
found a condition or substance to be present
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3, p.360.8
Web Links
precede
4 uses
They put her in a private room at the hospital, where she began to die with the same signs and symptoms that had preceded Sister M. E.'s death.†
preceded = went or was before
From page 110.4  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally precede means:
to go or do before
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st usePart 1, p.43.1
Web Links
species
28 uses
The passengers looked out the windows at the place where the human species was born.†
species = a similar group of animals or plants
From page 17.1  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally species means:
a group of animals or plants that are similar — typically identified as a group because they can procreate together (reproduce new members of the group)
Word Statistics
Book28 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st usePart 1, p.17.1
Web Links
spontaneous
11 uses
The woman then aborted spontaneously, and the nun who assisted at this grotesque delivery came away from the experience with blood on her hands.†
spontaneously = happening in a natural manner without planning or external force
From page 104.2  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
DefinitionGenerally spontaneous means:
behaving in an instinctive, uninhibited manner

or:

happening naturally (without planning or external force)
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st usePart 1, p.104.2
Web Links
vaccine
14 uses
The virus erupted there in 1967, in a factory called the Behring Works, which produced vaccines using kidney cells from African green monkeys.†
vaccines = a substance (such as weakened or dead a disease-causing microorganism) injected into a person or animal to stimulate the production of antibodies to protect against a disease
From page 35.5  All Book Uses  Typical Usage
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1, p.35.5
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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