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Avant-garde and Kitsch

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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acquisition
1 use
The precondition for kitsch, a condition without which kitsch would be impossible, is the availability close at hand of a fully matured cultural tradition, whose discoveries, acquisitions, and perfected self-consciousness kitsch can take advantage of for its own ends.†
acquisitions = things possessed
DefinitionGenerally acquisition means:
obtaining possession of something; or the thing possessed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
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bourgeois
8 uses
In seeking to go beyond Alexandrianism, a part of Western bourgeois society has produced something unheard of heretofore: — avant-garde culture.†
bourgeois = typical of the middle class or their values and habits
DefinitionGenerally bourgeois means:
typical of the middle class or their values and habits - typically used disapprovingly

or (in Marxist theory):

typical of the property-owning class
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
capitalism
5 uses
Courage indeed was needed for this, because the avant-garde's emigration from bourgeois society to bohemia meant also an emigration from the markets of capitalism, upon which artists and writers had been thrown by the falling away of aristocratic patronage.†
capitalism = an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment
DefinitionGenerally capitalism means:
an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that voluntary exchanges harness inborn self-interest in millions of decisions that benefit society
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
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chronological
1 use
It was no accident, therefore, that the birth of the avant-garde coincided chronologically — and geographically, too — with the first bold development of scientific revolutionary thought in Europe.†
chronologically = arranged according to time
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
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coincide
1 use
It was no accident, therefore, that the birth of the avant-garde coincided chronologically — and geographically, too — with the first bold development of scientific revolutionary thought in Europe.†
coincided = to be similar — especially to happen at the same time or place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
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context
1 use
It appears to me that it is necessary to examine more closely and with more originality than hitherto the relationship between aesthetic experience as met by the specific — not the generalized — individual, and the social and historical contexts in which that experience takes place.†
contexts = the settings or situations in which things occur
DefinitionGenerally context means:
the setting or situation in which something occurs
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
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controversy
1 use
In the past such a state of affairs has usually resolved itself into a motionless Alexandrianism, an academicism in which the really important issues are left untouched because they involve controversy, and in which creative activity dwindles to virtuosity in the small details of form, all larger questions being decided by the precedent of the old masters.†
controversy = disagreement
DefinitionGenerally controversy means:
disagreement — especially regarding a public issue that arouses strong feelings
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
Web Links
correspond
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
corresponding time period
The neatness of this antithesis is more than contrived; it corresponds to and defines the tremendous interval that separates from each other two such simultaneous cultural phenomena as the avant-garde and kitsch.†
corresponds = connects or fits together by being equivalent, proportionate, or matched
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
connect or fit together by being equivalent, proportionate, or matched

(Two things are equivalent if they have the same or very similar value, purpose, or result.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
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cultivate
10 uses
This can mean only one thing: that the avant-garde is becoming unsure of the audience it depends on — the rich and the cultivated.†
cultivated = developed, grown, or prepared for growing crops
DefinitionGenerally cultivate means:
enhance growth or development
in various senses, including:
  • to grow crops or prepare land for them
  • enhance a relationship — especially for a purpose
  • develop discernment (better recognition of differences) in taste or judgment
  • to grow a culture in a petri dish
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
Web Links
debase
1 use
Kitsch, using for raw material the debased and academicized simulacra of genuine culture, welcomes and cultivates this insensibility.†
debased = degrade (decreased) the purity, quality, or status of something
DefinitionGenerally debase means:
to degrade (decrease) the purity, quality, or status of something — often morality or metals
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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derive
4 uses
But the ultimate values which the cultivated spectator derives from Picasso are derived at a second remove, as the result of reflection upon the immediate impression left by the plastic values.†
derived = got
DefinitionGenerally derive means:
to get something from something else

(If the context doesn't otherwise indicate where something came from, it is generally from reasoning—especially deductive reasoning.)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
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Hitler
7 uses
Nevertheless, if the masses were conceivably to ask for avant-garde art and literature, Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin would not hesitate long in attempting to satisfy such a demand.†
Hitler = German Nazi dictator during World War II who murdered millions of Jews and others who were not of the Aryan race
DefinitionGenerally this sense of Hitler means:
German Nazi dictator during World War II; murdered millions of Jews and others who were not of the Aryan race (1889-1945)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
however
9 uses
1  —9 uses as in:
However, complications may...
Once, however, it was abandoned, music was forced to withdraw into itself to find a constraint or original.†
however = a word used to connect contrasting ideas as when using though, in spite of that, in contrast, nevertheless, etc.
DefinitionGenerally this sense of however means:
though (or another expression that connects contrasting ideas)

(Based on idea 1 we might not expect idea 2, but this is a way of saying that even though idea 1 exists, we still have idea 2.  Synonyms include in spite of that, , nevertheless, nonetheless, on the other hand, in contrastand but.)
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library61 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
Web Links
integral
1 use
Because it can be turned out mechanically, kitsch has become an integral part of our productive system in a way in which true culture could never be, except accidentally.†
integral = an essential part or characteristic
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
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moreover
1 use
Moreover, as Macdonald himself points out, around 1925 when the Soviet regime was encouraging avant-garde cinema, the Russian masses continued to prefer Hollywood movies.†
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
Web Links
objective
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
an objective viewpoint
But even during the Renaissance, and as long as Western art was endeavoring to perfect its technique, victories in this realm could only be signalized by success in realistic imitation, since there was no other objective criterion at hand.
objective = fact-based and not influenced by personal feelings or preferences
DefinitionGenerally this sense of objective means:
fact-based without the influence of personal feelings or preferences
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
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phenomenon
3 uses
We must not be deceived by superficial phenomena and local successes.†
phenomena = things that exists or happened — often of special interest
DefinitionGenerally phenomenon means:
something that exists or happened — especially something of special interest — sometimes someone or something that is extraordinary
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
Web Links
relevant
1 use
Macdonald goes on to say: "Why after all should ignorant peasants prefer Repin (a leading exponent of Russian academic kitsch in painting) to Picasso, whose abstract technique is at least as relevant to their own primitive folk art as is the former's realistic style?†
relevant = relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
Web Links
repudiate
1 use
Yet it is true that once the avant-garde had succeeded in "detaching" itself from society, it proceeded to turn around and repudiate revolutionary as well as bourgeois politics.†
repudiate = strongly reject
DefinitionGenerally repudiate means:
strong rejection — especially when the idea or thing being rejected was once embraced
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
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socialism
6 uses
No, if the masses crowd into the Tretyakov (Moscow's museum of contemporary Russian art: kitsch), it is largely because they have been conditioned to shun 'formalism' and to admire 'socialist realism.'†
socialist = a person who wants an economic system based on government ownership or control of all important companies — with the ideal of equal benefits to all people
DefinitionGenerally socialism means:
an economic system based on government ownership or control of all important companies — with the ideal of equal benefits to all people
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
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