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The Ramayana

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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adorn
87 uses
Give me thy son, thine eldest born, Whom locks like raven's wings adorn.†
adorn = decorate
DefinitionGenerally adorn means:
to decorate — especially a person
Word Statistics
Book87 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useBook 4
Web Links
austere
49 uses
Nor did he fail that saint to please With his devout austerities.†
austerities = notable absences of basic comforts
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
Book49 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 1
Web Links
banish
105 uses
This wicked prince who aye withstood The counsel of the wise and good, Who plagued the people in his hate, His father banished from the state.†
banished = expelled or gotten rid of
DefinitionGenerally banish means:
to expel or get rid of
in various senses, including:
  • to force someone to leave a country as punishment
  • to push an idea from the mind
Word Statistics
Book105 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
bestow
83 uses
Then this was, after due debate, The counsel of the wise and great, To churn with might the milky sea(202) The life-bestowing drink to free.†
bestowing = giving
DefinitionGenerally bestow means:
to give — typically to present as an honor or give as a gift
Word Statistics
Book83 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
cleave   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 11 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
cleave through
Thou, rent by shafts, this day shalt die: Low on the ground thy corse shall lie, And bubbles from the cloven neck With froth and blood thy skin shall deck.†
cloven = split (or divided in two)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of cleave means:
to split something — especially with violent force

or:

to cut through something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
2  —8 uses as in:
cleave to
To all the princes, young and brave, His soul with fond affection clave; Around his loving heart they clung Like arms from his own body sprung.†
clave = held firmly
DefinitionGenerally this sense of cleave means:
to hold firmly to something — such as an object, a person or idea
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
descend
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
descend from royalty
  O holy man, I fain would hear
  The tale repeated full and clear
  How he from whom my sires descend
  Brought the great rite to happy end.†
descend = come genetically
DefinitionGenerally this sense of descend means:
figuratively, to have come down a path from the past; i.e., to originate or come from — such as in reference to ancestors or evolutionary origins
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
dwell
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
a modest dwelling
There shone with gems that flashed afar The marvel of the Flower-named(811) car, Mid wondrous dwellings still confessed Supreme and nobler than the rest.†
dwellings = houses or shelters in which people live
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 2
Web Links
frayed
25 uses
1  —25 uses as in:
into the fray
With joy the pride of Raghu's race Received the hermit's proffered grace, Mysterious arms, to check and stay, Or smite the foeman in the fray.†
the fray = the fight or struggle
DefinitionGenerally this sense of fray means:
a noisy fight, controversial debate, or other exciting situation that usually is not well organized
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
heed
100 uses
Such heedless faults will kings destroy Who fail to guard what they enjoy.†
heedless = ignorant or ignoring; or not following advice

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-less" in heedless means without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearless, homeless, and endless.)
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book100 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
mortal
11 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
mortal body
In living frame the skies attain, Which mortals thus can scarcely gain.†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
perish
40 uses
The queen, who loved her perished lord, For meet reply, the saint adored, And, of her husband long bereaved, She bore a son by him conceived.†
perished = died, was destroyed, or ceased to exist
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book40 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 3
Web Links
scorn
116 uses
But the God's eye with scornful glare Fell terrible on him.†
scornful = full of strong disrespect or rejection
DefinitionGenerally scorn means:
disrespect or reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book116 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 1
Web Links
spurn
41 uses
The suitors' puny might I spurned, And back the feeble princes turned.†
spurned = rejected as not good enough
DefinitionGenerally spurn means:
reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book41 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
subdue
24 uses
1  —24 uses
verb as in: subdued the opposition
By nature wise, his teacher's skill Has trained him to subdue his will.†
subdue = control or put down by force or intimidation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subdue means:
to control, prevent, or make less intense — sometimes through force
The exact meaning of subdue depends upon its context. For example:
  • "subdued a nation" — defeated militarily and brought under control
  • "subdued the fever" — made it less intense or defeated it
  • "subdued her enthusiasm" — made it less intense
  • "subdued her fears" — made them less intense or overcame them
  • "subdued my emotions" — kept them under control
  • "subdued the crowd" — quieted or controlled it
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
torrent
55 uses
On Siva's head descending first A rest the torrents found: Then down in all their might they burst And roared along the ground.†
torrents = overwhelming amounts
DefinitionGenerally torrent means:
an overwhelming amount — especially of quickly moving water
Word Statistics
Book55 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
valor
62 uses
He draws, I hear, from out the breast The valour of the mightiest.†
valour = exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger — especially in battle

(editor's note:  This is a British spelling. Americans use valor.)
Word Statistics
Book62 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
wrath
130 uses
Whom, when his warrior wrath is high, Do Gods embattled fear and fly?†
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger or angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book130 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 43 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
will yield valuable data
Learn, trembler! that the valiant, they Who yield no step in battle fray, Will die a thousand deaths but ne'er An unavenged dishonour bear.†
yield = give
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 2
Web Links
2  —40 uses as in:
yield to pressure
Ah, had the dame, as they implored, Been yielded to her injured lord, We had not mourned this day thy fall, And happy had it been for all.†
yielded = gave in, gave way, or gave up
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book40 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
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† 
Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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