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The Epic of Gilgamesh

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abhor
2 uses
From the day I go until I return, till I reach the cedar forest and destroy the evil which Shamash abhors, pray for me to Shamash.
abhors = hates or detests
DefinitionGenerally abhor means:
to hate or detest something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
beckon
2 uses
At the drinking-hole she will strip, and when he sees her beckoning he will embrace her and the game of the wilderness will surely reject him.
beckoning = calling (figuratively, by being desirable)
DefinitionGenerally beckon means:
to call — typically to ask or tell someone to come nearer by using a hand gesture or a nod of the head
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
countenance
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a pleasant countenance
...his countenance is like a lion,
countenance = face, facial expression; or composure
DefinitionGenerally this sense of countenance means:
facial expression; or face; or composure or manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
despair
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
she felt despair
Despair is in my heart.
despair = hopelessness
DefinitionGenerally this sense of despair means:
hopelessness; or distress (such as extreme worry or sadness from feeling powerless to change a bad situation)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 4
Web Links
divine
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
to forgive is divine
Gilgamesh shouted, "By the life of Ninsun my mother and divine Lugulbanda my father, ..."
divine = or god-like
DefinitionGenerally this sense of divine means:
wonderful; or god-like or coming from God
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
dwell
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a modest dwelling
They uncovered the sacred dwellings of the Anunnaki and while Gilgamesh felled the first of the trees of the forest Enkidu cleared their roots as far as the banks of Euphrates.†
dwellings = houses or shelters in which people live
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 2
Web Links
eminent
2 uses
Gilgamesh is the most glorious of heroes, Gilgamesh is most eminent among men.
eminent = standing above others in attainment or reputation
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 3
Web Links
endure   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
endured the pain
my friend who was very dear to me and endured dangers beside me,
endured = suffered through something difficult
DefinitionGenerally this sense of endure means:
to suffer through (or put up with something difficult or unpleasant)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 4
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
endure through the ages
Enkidu cried to Gilgamesh, "My friend, we boasted that we would leave enduring names behind us."
enduring = continuing to exist
DefinitionGenerally this sense of endure means:
to continue to exist
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 3
Web Links
establish
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Therefore I would enter that country: because I have not established my name stamped on brick as my destiny decreed, I will go to the country where the cedar is cut.†
established = caused to exist
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 2
Web Links
exhort
1 use
she called to Enkidu with this exhortation:
exhortation = address (that strongly urges Enkidu to do something)

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally exhort means:
to urge strongly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
extol
1 use
Go to Uruk, find Gilgamesh, extol the strength of this wild man.
extol = praise (glorify or honor)
DefinitionGenerally extol means:
praise, glorify, or honor
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
lament
11 uses
Gilgamesh lamented; seven days and seven nights he wept for Enkidu,
lamented = expressed grief and sorrow passionately
DefinitionGenerally lament means:
to express grief or regret
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 3
Web Links
ominous
2 uses
And Gilgamesh lamented, 'Now I will pray to the great gods, for my friend had an ominous dream.'
ominous = suggestive of bad things to come
DefinitionGenerally ominous means:
threatening (suggestive of, or foreshadowing bad things to come)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
perish
2 uses
Here in the city man dies oppressed at heart:, man perishes with despair in his heart.†
perishes = dies or is destroyed
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 2
Web Links
profound
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
profound sadness
But now Gilgamesh was overcome by weakness, for sleep had seized him suddenly, a profound sleep held him; he lay on the ground, stretched out speechless, as though in a dream.
profound = of greatest intensity
DefinitionGenerally this sense of profound means:
of greatest intensity or emotional depth
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
resolute
2 uses
Let your courage be roused by the battle to come; forget death and follow me, a man resolute in action, but one who is not foolhardy.
resolute = firm in purpose and belief
DefinitionGenerally resolute means:
firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
scorn
2 uses
He slapped his thigh in scorn.†
scorn = disrespect or reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 3
Web Links
taint
1 use
My mother has baked and I have eaten; why should I come to such as you for food that is tainted and rotten?
tainted = spoiled or contaminated
DefinitionGenerally taint means:
to spoil something so it is not desirable — as when bacteria contaminates a food; or as when a rumor makes people distrust a person
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
wanton
1 use
Ask him to give you a harlot, a wanton from the temple of love; return with her, and let her woman's power overpower this man.
wanton = a woman who is sexually promiscuous

(editor's note:  Wanton is much more commonly used as an adjective than a noun. As an adjective it describes "something considered bad:  excessive, thoughtless indulgence—such as waste, cruelty, violence, and especially sexual promiscuity.")
DefinitionGenerally wanton means:
of something considered bad:  excessive, thoughtless indulgence — such as waste, cruelty, violence, and (especially in the past) sexual promiscuity
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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