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City of Bones

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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appalling
10 uses
She glanced in it and was appalled.
appalled = shocked by how terrible or horrible something is
DefinitionGenerally appalling means:
shockingly terrible or horrible
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
contrast   (4 meanings)
4 meanings, 4 uses
1  —1 use as in:
contrast their writing styles
Jocelyn even had a graceful way of walking that made people turn their heads to watch her go by. Clary, by contrast, was always tripping over her feet.
by contrast = in a comparison that shows differences
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrast means:
point to differences between; or compare to show differences
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
there is a contrast
Clary noted the contrast: the ravaged face of the older man and the boy's unlined one, the pale locks of hair falling into Jace's eyes making him look even younger.
contrast = notable difference
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrast means:
a difference — especially a notable difference; or the side-x-side arrangement of things that draws attention to an unmissable difference
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
it is a contrast
He touched the photograph with a scarred and weathered hand—a strange contrast to the neat spotlessness of his tweed cuffs.
contrast = something notably different compared (to something)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrast means:
something noticeably different (compared to something else or to other things)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
4  —1 use as in:
sharpen the picture contrast
The late afternoon light came in through the curtains and made his face a study in contrasts.†
contrasts = differences in shading
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrast means:
the difference between tones of an image — as in a photo or video — such as the quality of brightness or the intensity of shades or colors
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
covenant
23 uses
"My oath to the Covenant binds me," he said.
covenant = a binding agreement

or (much more rarely): to formally or solemnly promise

(editor's note:  In this book, covenant is capitalized and refers specifically to the law of the Clave as made by the Council.)
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
direct   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 7 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
directly above; or buy direct from
I was thinking about the skylight and how you'd said demons couldn't stand direct sun.†
direct = unobstructed (with nothing in between)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straight (exactly where stated); or without involvement of anything in between
The exact meaning of this sense of direct is subject to its context. For example:
  • "The road runs directly to Las Vegas." — straight (without varying from a straight line)
  • "It was a direct hit." — exact
  • "The plant is in direct sunlight." — unobstructed (without anything in between)
  • "She wants a direct meeting with him." — personal (without other people in between)
  • "She paid direct attention to what he was reading." — close
  • "a direct gaze" — straight, steady, or focused—not a brief glance taken while generally looking at other things; not a sideways look
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library62 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
2  —4 uses as in:
directed her question to
A hand under her chin directed her to look up, and she saw a row of words scrawled along the wall.†
directed = guided
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
to indicate direction; or to cause movement or focus in a direction or towards an object
The exact meaning of this sense of direct is subject to its context. For example:
  • "intentionally directed fire at unarmed civilians" — aimed a gun
  • "directed the question to her" — aimed a question
  • "directed her north" — pointed in a particular direction
  • "directed attention to the 3rd paragraph" — focused attention on a particular object
  • "The sound of her voice directed him to the kitchen." — guided or gave directions to someone to help them move to a particular place
  • "She directed him to the airport." — gave directions to send someone to a particular place
  • "She directed the boat north." — steered it
  • "directed the letter to" — send a letter to a particular person by putting a name and address on it
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library36 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
directed the jury to...
If you want to know where to find a jog-toed swallow in springtime, I could direct you to the correct reference title.†
direct = instruct
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
give instructions or commands
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
fastidious
4 uses
Magnus plucked the invitation out of her hand and looked at it with fastidious distaste.
fastidious = excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
forsake
42 uses
...won't be Forsaken much longer. Once Valentine uses the Cup on them, they'll be Shadowhunters as good as the rest of us—
forsaken = abandoned or helpless

(editor's note:  In this book, forsaken is used in a special way. Typically it is used to refer to a human who is involuntarily converted to a warrior with no memory of previous life, without free will, and with little hope of surviving for very long.)
DefinitionGenerally forsake means:
to abandon or give up on — such as someone who needs you, or an idea, or a place
Word Statistics
Book42 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
frayed
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
frayed nerves
"You've got until sunrise," said Magnus, temper visibly fraying.
fraying = becoming emotionally strained
DefinitionGenerally this sense of frayed means:
emotionally strained (worn thin)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
inclined   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
I'm inclined to
The remains of breakfast ... clung to a stack of plates on the low table that no one had seemed inclined to clear away.
inclined = in the mood

(editor's note:  When seen on standardized vocabulary tests, this word is usually seen in the noun form inclination.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of inclined means:
a tendency, mood, desire, or attitude that favors something; or making someone favor something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 18
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
on an incline or incline his head
They inclined their heads toward Jace, a gesture of silent acknowledgment, before they filed away among the pillars and were gone.
inclined = bent or angled
DefinitionGenerally this sense of incline means:
to be at an angle or to bend
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
indignant
8 uses
The other girl put her hands on her hips indignantly.
indignantly = with anger or annoyance at something unjust or wrong
DefinitionGenerally indignant means:
angered or annoyed at something unjust or wrong
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
infirmary
10 uses
Thought you'd be more comfortable in a guest room than in the infirmary.
infirmary = a small facility where patients receive treatment
DefinitionGenerally infirmary means:
a small facility where patients receive treatment — such as a room or two at a school as contrasted to a busy hospital or medical clinic
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
manor
11 uses
We lived in a manor house, out in the country.
manor = a large house of a lord or wealthy person
DefinitionGenerally manor means:
a large house of a lord or wealthy person; or the house and the land around it
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
mortal
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
mortal body
I will be ready to risk my life at any time ... for the mortal world with whose safety we are charged.
mortal = human (especially merely human)

(editor's note:   In this book, the  "Mortal Cup" gets its name because some mortals who drink from it become Shadowhunters.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
mundane
36 uses
No mundane doctor would know how to heal those wounds.
mundane = ordinary; or belonging to our ordinary world

(editor's note:  In this book, mundane is typically used as a noun with a special meaning—to refer to an ordinary human.)
DefinitionGenerally mundane means:
ordinary or lacking interest or excitement — possibly to the point of being boring

or more rarely:

belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly
Word Statistics
Book36 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
pandemonium
17 uses
Lily darted toward him, crying out his name, and in the pandemonium, Clary felt someone seize her wrist.
pandemonium = a state of noisy confusion and disorder

(editor's note:  In this book, pandemonium is typically capitalized and refers to a noisy, confusing nightclub by that name.)
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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