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The Jungle by Sinclair
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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capitalism
17 uses
Capitalism has helped to move millions of people out of poverty.
capitalism = an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment
DefinitionGenerally capitalism means:
an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that voluntary exchanges harness inborn self-interest in millions of decisions that benefit society
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 23
Web Links
consequence   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 12 uses
1  —9 uses as in:
a direct consequence of
Your decision will have three major consequences.
consequences = results
DefinitionGenerally this sense of consequence means:
a result of something (often an undesired side effect)
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library24 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
of little consequence
Think carefully. This is a consequential decision.
consequential = important
DefinitionGenerally this sense of consequence means:
importance or relevance
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
convention   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 6 uses
1  —1 use as in:
to convene
She is at the convention in Las Vegas.
convention = large conference or meeting
DefinitionGenerally this sense of convention means:
a large conference or meeting
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 30
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
conventional behavior
It was once conventional wisdom that the earth was flat.
conventional = normal or typical
DefinitionGenerally this sense of convention means:
something regarded as normal or typical
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
debauchery
5 uses
I relaxed and enjoyed the evening without slipping into the surrounding debauchery.
debauchery = excessive drinking, casual sex, and/or drug abuse while partying
DefinitionGenerally debauchery means:
excessive drinking, casual sex, and/or drug abuse while partying — possibly for an evening, but often implying a wasteful, decadent life
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 22
Web Links
direct   (6 meanings)
6 meanings, 11 uses
1  —1 use as in:
depart directly
I walked directly to work.
directly = without interruption in the straightest or quickest possible manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
without delay, or in the quickest manner, or without going somewhere else first
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
directly above; or buy direct from
This flower does best in direct sunlight.
direct = without intervention from anything (in this case, not sun that is partially blocked or reflected)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straight (exactly where stated); or without involvement of anything in between
—including such senses as:
  • straight (without varying from a straight line)
  • exact (without other factors)
  • close (with other factors minimized)
  • personal (without other people in between)
  • unobstructed (without anything in between)
  • of a look: straight, steady, or focused—not a brief glance taken while generally looking at other things; not a sideways look
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library53 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 25
Web Links
3  —2 uses as in:
was direct in my instructions
I left them with direct instructions.
direct = straightforward
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straightforward (uncomplicated or simple — perhaps also indicating openness and honesty)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
4  —1 use as in:
directed her question to
The sprinkler head needs to be fixed so it directs water away from the house.
directs = aims
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
to indicate direction; or cause movement or focus in a direction or towards an object — such as
  • to aim a gun or comment at someone
  • to point in a particular direction
  • to focus attention on a particular object
  • to guide or give directions to someone to help them move to a particular place
  • to send someone to a particular place
  • to steer a car, boat, etc.
  • to send a letter to a particular person by putting a name and address on it
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 30
Web Links
5  —1 use as in:
directed the jury to...
On the SAT test, some questions direct you to look at an underlined or numbered portion of a passage.
direct = instruct
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
give instructions or commands
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 28
Web Links
6  —1 use as in:
directed the movie
She directed the move.
directed = supervised (was in charge) — including specialized senses such as to have been in charge of the production of or performance of a movie, play, or orchestra
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
supervise, control, or to be in charge of
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 26
Web Links
graft
20 uses
1  —20 uses as in:
graft and corruption
The government of that country is known for graft at all levels.
graft = corruption in which one uses their position to gain personal advantage — especially political corruption
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 31
Web Links
incidental
6 uses
She requested reimbursement of $10 for incidental expenses.
incidental = something that comes with something else, but is less important than it
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
perplex
17 uses
Scientists are perplexed by the mystery.
perplexed = confused or puzzled
DefinitionGenerally perplex means:
to confuse
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
proletariat
8 uses
Marx did not envision a generally satisfied proletariat that found meaning and financial reward in their work.
proletariat = a social class consisting of those who must work for wages to support themselves
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 29
Web Links
socialism
68 uses
She believes that more socialism would be more fair.
socialism = an economic system based on government ownership and control of all companies — with the ideal of equal benefits to all people
DefinitionGenerally socialism means:
an economic system based on government ownership or control of all important companies — with the ideal of equal benefits to all people
Word Statistics
Book68 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 25
Web Links
superintendent
21 uses
Our superintendent was surprisingly good in the faculty-student basketball game.
superintendent = the person who directs and manages the school district
DefinitionGenerally superintendent means:
a person who directs and manages an organization — such as a school district

or:

a caretaker of a building — such as an apartment building
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
swindle
9 uses
She stole over a million dollars in her biggest swindle.
swindle = fraud (or deception) to steal money
DefinitionGenerally swindle means:
tricking or cheating someone — usually to get money
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
wizened
4 uses
She was a wizened old woman with gray hair.
wizened = thin and wrinkled
DefinitionGenerally wizened means:
thin and wrinkled — typically from age or illness
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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