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The Life and Death of King Richard III
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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adverse
2 uses
Why, our battalia trebles that account: Besides, the king's name is a tower of strength, Which they upon the adverse faction want.†
adverse = working against one's interests
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.4
Web Links
cloying
2 uses
Bear with me; I am hungry for revenge, And now I cloy me with beholding it.†
cloy = overly sweet — on the tongue or in sentiment
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.3
Web Links
dissent
1 use
By holy Paul, they love his grace but lightly
That fill his ears with such dissentious rumours.
dissentious = disagreeing
DefinitionGenerally dissent means:
to disagree; or disagreement or conflict — typically between people who cooperate, and often with official or majority beliefs
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
enmity
2 uses
Gloster, we have done deeds of charity;
Made peace of enmity, fair love of hate,
enmity = hatred between enemies
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
exeunt
40 uses
[Exeunt KING RICHARD and RATCLIFF.]
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book40 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
expedient
1 use
I will with all expedient duty see you:
expedient = speedy
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
flout
2 uses
Why, madam, have I off'red love for this, To be so flouted in this royal presence?†
flouted = openly disregarded
DefinitionGenerally flout means:
to openly disregard — typically a law, rule, or custom
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
guile
2 uses
When I have most need to employ a friend,
And most assured that he is a friend,
Deep, hollow, treacherous, and full of guile,
Be he unto me!
guile = cunning (shrewd, clever) and deceitful
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
haughty
2 uses
I know a discontented gentleman
Whose humble means match not his haughty spirit:
haughty = arrogance or condescension (acting superior or self-important)
DefinitionGenerally haughty means:
arrogant or condescending (acting superior or self-important)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.2
Web Links
ignoble
2 uses
Here is the head of that ignoble traitor, The dangerous and unsuspected Hastings.†
ignoble = completely lacking nobility in character, quality or purpose
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.5
Web Links
intractable
1 use
If thou dost find him tractable to us,
Encourage him, and tell him all our reasons:
tractable = easily managed
DefinitionGenerally intractable means:
difficult in various senses:
  • of problems or disease:  difficult to solve or cure
  • of people or animals:  difficult to manage or control
  • of materials:  difficult to manipulate
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
liege
10 uses
First, mighty liege, tell me your highness' pleasure, What from your grace I shall deliver to him.†
liege = a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service

or:

a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.4
Web Links
obstinate
1 use
You are too senseless-obstinate, my lord,
obstinate = stubbornly not doing what others want
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
penitent
1 use
With all my heart; and much it joys me too
To see you are become so penitent.
penitent = feeling sorrow for having done wrong
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
perjury
3 uses
The first that there did greet my stranger soul Was my great father-in-law, renowned Warwick; Who spake aloud, "What scourge for perjury Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence?"†
perjury = the criminal offense of telling lies after formally promising to tell the truth
DefinitionGenerally perjury means:
the criminal offense of telling lies after formally promising to tell the truth — such as when testifying in a court trial
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.4
Web Links
prodigal
1 use
A sweeter and a lovelier gentleman,
Framed in the prodigality of nature,
Young, valiant, wise, and, no doubt, right royal,
prodigality = abundant (extravagant in amount)

editor's notes:
  • paraphrasing the middle line:  "He has abundant natural gifts"
  • This is a less common sense of prodigality, which more commonly means "recklessly wasteful"
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
resolute
1 use
I thought thou hadst been resolute.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.4
Web Links
revere
2 uses
for reverence to some alive
reverence = feelings of deep respect and admiration
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 3.7
Web Links
wanton
2 uses
Made prize and purchase of his wanton eye,
wanton = sexually promiscuous
DefinitionGenerally wanton means:
of something considered bad:  excessive, thoughtless indulgence — such as waste, cruelty, violence, and (especially in the past) sexual promiscuity
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
And pardon us the interruption
Of thy devotion and right Christian zeal.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.7
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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