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Paradise Lost
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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assiduous
1 use
...And, if by prayer
Incessant I could hope to change the will
Of Him who all things can, I would not cease
To weary him with my assiduous cries:
assiduous = diligent (showing care and persistent effort)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
augment
6 uses
A long day's dying, to augment our pain;
augment = enlarge or increase
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 6
Web Links
credulous
1 use
So glistered the dire Snake, and into fraud
Led Eve, our credulous mother, to the tree
Of prohibition, root of all our woe
credulous = gullible (being too willing to believe)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 9
Web Links
denounce
8 uses
Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God
Without remorse drive out the sinful pair;
From hallowed ground the unholy; and denounce
To them, and to their progeny, from thence
Perpetual banishment.
denounce = proclaim (something negative)

(editor's note:  This is an old sense of denounce that is unlikely to be used today. Today it would more likely mean "to strongly criticized or accused publicly".)
DefinitionGenerally denounce means:
to strongly criticize or accuse publicly

or more rarely:  to inform against someone (turn someone into the authorities)
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
deride
7 uses
Satan beheld their plight, And to his mates thus in derision called.
derision = disrespect — typically while laughing at or making fun of
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
discern
14 uses
Disguised he came; but those his children dear
Their parent soon discerned, though in disguise.
discerned = noticed something that is not obvious
DefinitionGenerally discern means:
to notice or understand something — often something that is not obvious
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
discord
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
discordant music
And Discord with a thousand various mouths.
discord = unpleasant sound — especially a combination of sounds that sound wrong together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of discord means:
unpleasant sound — especially a combination of sounds that sound wrong together (though sometimes done intentionally in music)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
disdain
12 uses
To final battle drew, disdaining flight,
disdaining = rejecting (as not good enough)
DefinitionGenerally disdain means:
a lack of respect — often suggesting distaste and an undeserved sense of superiority

or:

to reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 4
Web Links
dwell   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 5 uses
1  —1 use as in:
It dwells in the forest.
There in captivity he lets them dwell
dwell = live there
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwell means:
make one's home in; or to live in; or to stay (in a place)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 12
Web Links
2  —4 uses as in:
a modest dwelling
To thee who hast thy dwelling here on Earth.
dwelling = home
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 7
Web Links
ethereal
20 uses
Such I created all the ethereal Powers
And Spirits, both them who stood, and them who fail'd;
Freely they stood who stood, and fell who fell.
ethereal = heavenly

(editor's note:  Today, ethereal is more likely to be used to describe something as "characterized by an air-like insubstantiality".)
DefinitionGenerally ethereal means:
characterized by an air-like insubstantiality

or:

so delicate and insubstantial that it barely seems of this world — often beautiful
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
extol
6 uses
But thou hast promised from us two a race
To fill the earth, who shall with us extol
Thy goodness infinite, both...
extol = praise, glorify, or honor
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
guile
15 uses
To whom the guileful Tempter thus replied.
guileful = full of cunning (shrewdness and cleverness, and perhaps deceit)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
mortal   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 4 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
mortal body
But the voice of God
To mortal ear is dreadful:
mortal = human (or subject to death)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
a mortal wound
a serpent armed with mortal sting.
mortal = causing death
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
felt mortal agony
Expect with mortal pain:
mortal = extreme or intense
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 12
Web Links
perfidy
2 uses
...and thy hapless crew involved In this perfidious fraud,
perfidious = not trustworthy (prone to intentional betrayal)
DefinitionGenerally perfidy means:
an act of deliberate betrayal; or such behavior
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
servile
5 uses
From imposition of strict laws to free
Acceptance of large grace; from servile fear
To filial;
servile = excessively submissive — with no self-respect

(editor's notes:  In this context, grace means "mercy; or the unmerited love and favor of God"; filial refers to the kind of relationship children have with their parents.)
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
vacuous
2 uses
vacuous the space
vacuous = large and empty

(editor's note:  Today vacuous is more commonly used to indicate a "lack of intelligent thought".)
DefinitionGenerally vacuous means:
lacking intelligent thought
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
zeal
10 uses
whom none with more zeal adored
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
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