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Paradise Lost
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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abstruse
1 use
studious thoughts abstruse
abstruse = difficult to understand
DefinitionGenerally abstruse means:
difficult to understand; or not known by the great majority of people
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 8
Web Links
apathy
1 use
Of good and evil much they argued then,
Of happiness and final misery,
Passion and apathy, and glory and shame:
apathy = lack of interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
complacent
2 uses
I, by conversing, cannot these erect
From prone; nor in their ways complacence find.
complacence = pleasure (to be unworried and satisfied)
DefinitionGenerally complacent means:
contented (unworried and satisfied) — often to a fault
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 3
Web Links
contrite
4 uses
He sorrows now, repents, and prays contrite,
contrite = feeling sorrow or regret for a fault or offense
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
depravity
4 uses
both mind and will depraved
depraved = immoral or evil
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
deter
2 uses
Deterred not from achieving what might lead
To happier life, knowledge of good and evil;
deterred = prevented
DefinitionGenerally deter means:
try to prevent; or prevent
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
disparage
1 use
Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, whom he drew
God's altar to disparage and displace
disparage = criticizing or making seem less important
DefinitionGenerally disparage means:
to criticize or make seem less important — especially in a disrespectful or contemptuous manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 1
Web Links
dissent
3 uses
Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent,
dissent = disagreement
DefinitionGenerally dissent means:
to disagree; or disagreement or conflict — typically between people who cooperate, and often with official or majority beliefs
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
fallacious
2 uses
Yet, with a pleasing sorcery, could charm
Pain for a while or anguish, and excite
Fallacious hope, or...
fallacious = mistaken (based on incorrect belief)
DefinitionGenerally fallacious means:
not correct
  • typically describing something as mistaken due to incorrect information or belief
  • sometimes describing something as an intentional lie
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
immutable
5 uses
...to observe
 Immutably his sovran will,
immutably = in a manner that is not subject or susceptible to change

(editor's note:  sovran is an old spelling for sovereign — one with supreme power.)
DefinitionGenerally immutable means:
not subject or susceptible to change
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
impetuous
5 uses
Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage,
impetuous = impulsive and rapid
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impetuous means:
impulsive (acting suddenly without much thought) — often with an unfortunate consequence
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
mitigate
3 uses
that I may mitigate their doom
mitigate = make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 1
Web Links
parsimonious
1 use
...First crept
The parsimonious emmet, provident
Of future;
parsimonious = extreme reluctance to use resources (though not in this case, usually it is a question of using money)

(editor's notes:  Emmet is an archaic word for "ant". Provident means "careful to provide for the future".)
DefinitionGenerally parsimonious means:
extreme reluctance to spend money or use resources
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 7
Web Links
pious
6 uses
piety to God
piety = highly moral behavior
DefinitionGenerally pious means:
behaving in a highly moral or religious manner

or less commonly:  behaving highly moral in a self-righteous or holier-than-thou manner
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 6
Web Links
prudent
2 uses
so steers the prudent crane
prudent = sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
refute
1 use
But self-destruction therefore sought, refutes
That excellence thought in thee; and implies,
refutes = argues against
DefinitionGenerally refute means:
to prove or argue that something is false
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 10
Web Links
revere
13 uses
Towards him they bend
With awful reverence prone, and as a God
Extol him equal to the Highest in Heaven.
reverence = feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 12
Web Links
sagacious
1 use
So scented the grim Feature, and upturned
His nostril wide into the murky air;
Sagacious of his quarry from so far.
sagacious = wise (aware)
DefinitionGenerally sagacious means:
wise — especially through long experience and thoughtfulness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
scorn
25 uses
To gratify my scornful enemies,
scornful = full of disrespect and disdain
DefinitionGenerally scorn means:
treat with a strong disrespect or disdain — sometimes accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 4
Web Links
transitory
1 use
Of all things transitory and vain,
transitory = lasting a short time
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
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