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One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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advocate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
to advocate
He was making a fair copy of a long new poem that he'd finished the previous evening and had promised to show that day to Stepan Grigorych, the doctor who advocated work therapy.
advocated = recommended
DefinitionGenerally this sense of advocate means:
to recommend or publicly support someone or something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
Web Links
arrogant
1 use
Where was all his arrogance?
arrogance = sense of superiority
DefinitionGenerally arrogant means:
having an excessive sense of superiority
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
audible
2 uses
The signal for the roll call was barely audible through the double-paned, frostblurred windows.
audible = capable of being heard
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
begrudge
4 uses
who wouldn't begrudge the loss of that sweet day?
begrudge = resent (wish it had not been lost)
DefinitionGenerally begrudge means:
to resent (feel bitterness—usually over unfairness); or to give unwillingly
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
chagrin
1 use
"Three days' penalty with work."
...
"What for, citizen chief?" asked Shukhov with more chagrin than he felt in his voice.
chagrin = annoyance

(editor's note:  Solzhenitsyn is saying that Shukhov was not really as annoyed as the tone of his voice made him sound.)
DefinitionGenerally chagrin means:
a bad feeling such as embarrassment, disappointment, or annoyance — especially due to a disconcerting event, mistake or other blow to the ego
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
conspicuous
1 use
Anyway, you should never be conspicuous.
conspicuous = easily noticed so as to attract attention
DefinitionGenerally conspicuous means:
easily noticed — typically attracting attention such as by being large, flashy, or unusual
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
deride
2 uses
said derisively
derisively = treating as inferior and unworthy of respect — especially while mocking (making fun of)
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
dexterity
1 use
He dexterously pulled his feet out of the valenki,
dexterously = adroitly (skillfully)

(editor's note:  valenki are traditional Russian winter footwear — essentially felt boots)
DefinitionGenerally dexterity means:
adroitness (skill) — with the hands or mind
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
foreman
7 uses
Listen to what a foreman has to tell you,
foreman = a person who is in charge of other workers
DefinitionGenerally foreman means:
a person who is in charge of other workers

or:

a juror in a court case who is selected by other jurors to head the jury
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
infirm
2 uses
A light job, that was considered, a job for the infirm, but just you try and carry out the muck without spilling any.
infirm = people lacking physical strength or vitality
DefinitionGenerally infirm means:
lacking physical strength or vitality — especially due to illness or age
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
infirmary
4 uses
How he longed to be in bed in the infirmary, fast asleep!
infirmary = a small facility where patients receive treatment
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
malicious
2 uses
...announcing to no one in particular but with a sort of malicious glee: "Well, sailors, grit your teeth. It's twenty below, for sure."
malicious = wanting to see others suffer
DefinitionGenerally malicious means:
wanting to see others suffer; or threatening evil
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
Web Links
nettle
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
beware of nettles near the river
The worst time was July—then they shredded nettles into the pot.
nettles = a type of plant that often has fine irritating hairs
DefinitionGenerally this sense of nettle means:
a type of plant with stinging or irritating hairs
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
Web Links
objective
1 use
If one is to be objective one must acknowledge that Eisenstein is a genius.
objective = fact-based (not influenced by personal feelings or preferences)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of objective means:
fact-based without the influence of personal feelings or preferences
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
Web Links
perfunctory
1 use
And the guards who, when Volkovoi wasn't around, carried out the frisking perfunctorily, now flung themselves into their work with savage zeal.
perfunctorily = done without much interest or effort — as when dispensing with a formality
DefinitionGenerally perfunctory means:
done without much interest or effort — especially as when dispensing with a formality
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
rancid
2 uses
good fat didn't reach the zeks, and the rancid all went into the soup kettle
rancid = a state of decomposition of oils or fats such that they smell and taste bad
DefinitionGenerally rancid means:
bad — most directly referring to the smell of oils or fats that have decomposed because they are not fresh enough, but metaphorically the word can refer to anything considered bad
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
ration
23 uses
...took a look at his ration, weighing it in his hand and hastily calculating whether it reached the regulation sixteen ounces.
ration = a fixed portion of food given as a share
DefinitionGenerally ration means:
to restrict the amount of something people can have — such as food or gasoline when there is a shortage

or:

a fixed portion of something that is given as a person's share — such as goods of which there is a shortage, or food for soldiers in the field
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
ruse
1 use
Because they were three and the guards facing them were five, Shukhov could try a ruse.
ruse = a deceptive maneuver — such as a trick or lie
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
sentry
12 uses
"Halt!" shouted a sentry.
sentry = someone who stands guard
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
superintendent
10 uses
The senior work superintendent, it was said, had long been threatening to save time by giving the squads their work assignments the evening before,
superintendent = a person who directs and manages an organization
DefinitionGenerally superintendent means:
a person who directs and manages an organization — such as a school district

or:

a caretaker of a building — such as an apartment building
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
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