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Oedipus King of Thebes (translated by: Murray)
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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abhor
3 uses
And thou, O Golden-crown, Theban and named our own, O Wine-gleam, Voice of Joy, for ever more Ringed with thy Maenads white, Bacchus, draw near and smite, Smite with thy glad-eyed flame the God whom Gods abhor.†
abhor = hate or detest
DefinitionGenerally abhor means:
to hate or detest something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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abridge
1 use
Away to the south a wild and desolate valley opens, running up among the waste places of Helicon, a scene of inexpressible grandeur and desolation" (Jebb, abridged).†
abridged = shortened; or reduced in scope while retaining essential elements
DefinitionGenerally abridge means:
reduce in scope while retaining essential elements — especially to a book
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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afflict
4 uses
One new as our new-come affliction, Or an old toil returned with the years?†
affliction = something that causes ongoing suffering
DefinitionGenerally afflict means:
cause suffering — such as illness, pain, or unhappiness
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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anguish
4 uses
She passed like one who flies In very anguish.†
anguish = extreme distress
DefinitionGenerally anguish means:
extreme distress of body or mind
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
askance
1 use
893-916] To ward him secretly From the arrow that slays askance?†
askance = with disapproval or distrust; or directed to one side
DefinitionGenerally askance means:
with disapproval, distrust, or suspicion

or:

directed to one side — especially a sideways glance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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assuage
1 use
She will assuage it as is well.†
assuage = to soothe (make something less unpleasant or frightening)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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banish
7 uses
For Phoebus—thou hast heard withal His message—to our envoy hath decreed One only way of help in this great need: To find and smite with death or banishing, Him who smote Laius, our ancient King.†
banishing = expelling or getting rid of
DefinitionGenerally banish means:
to expel or get rid of

in various senses including:
  • to force someone to leave a country as punishment
  • to push an idea from the mind
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
contemporary
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
they are contemporaries
Indeed, considering the general tone of his contemporaries and friends, we may safely assume that he did not.†
contemporaries = people who live or lived at the same time
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contemporary means:
living at the same time

or:

something occurring in the same period of time as something else
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st usePref.
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crescendo
1 use
On the whole, I can only say that the work of translation has made me feel even more strongly than before the extraordinary grip and reality of the dialogue, the deftness of the construction, and, except perhaps for a slight drop in the Creon scene, the unbroken crescendo of tragedy from the opening to the close.†
crescendo = gradual increase in intensity; or maximum intensity
DefinitionGenerally crescendo means:
a gradual increase in intensity; or the time of maximum intensity — especially in the loudness of music
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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eminent
1 use
Oedipus himself is selected by Aristotle as the most effective kind of tragic hero, because, first, he has been great and glorious, and secondly he has not been "pre-eminently virtuous or just."†
eminently = with high standing
DefinitionGenerally eminent means:
standing above others in attainment or reputation
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePref.
Web Links
exile
4 uses
'tis that, hath kept thee exiled in this place?†
exiled = to force someone to live outside of their home country; or living in such a condition

or more rarely:  voluntary absence from one's own country
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
expound
1 use
At the present day it is not in the best manners to moralise over a man who is down, any more than it is the part of a comforter to expound and insist upon his friend's misfortunes.†
expound = explain or discuss in detail
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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grandeur
3 uses
What there is, is drama; drama of amazing grandeur and power.†
grandeur = the quality of being grand or magnificent or splendid
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
Web Links
malicious
1 use
I deny not what he saith, My Queen .... with craft and malice practising Against my life.†
malice = the desire to hurt others or see them suffer
DefinitionGenerally malicious means:
wanting to see others suffer; or threatening evil
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePlay
Web Links
mortal
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
mortal body
And none among mortals, none, Seeking to live, hath won More than to seem, and to cease Again from his seeming.†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
prophecy
7 uses
Question every cry Of birds, and all roads else of prophecy Thou knowest.†
prophecy = prediction of the future
DefinitionGenerally prophecy means:
a prediction of the future (usually said to be obtained in a supernatural way)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
scorn
7 uses
—Children, care For this so moves me, I have scorned withal Message or writing: seeing 'tis I ye call, 'tis I am come, world-honoured Oedipus.†
scorned = treated with strong disrespect or disdain
DefinitionGenerally scorn means:
treat with a strong disrespect or disdain — sometimes accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st usePlay
Web Links
subtle
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a subtle difference or thinker
This is partly because the writing of Euripides, being less business-like and more penetrated by philosophic reflections and by subtleties of technique, actually needs more thorough re-casting to express it at all adequately; partly because there is in Sophocles, amid all his passion and all his naturalness, a certain severe and classic reticence, which, though impossible really to reproduce by any method, is less misrepresented by occasional insufficiency than by habitual redundance.†
subtleties = things that are not obvious, but noticeable by someone with adequate sensitivity and relevant knowledge
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subtle means:
not obvious, but understandable by someone with adequate sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps depending upon fine distinctions)

or:

capable of understanding things that require sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps understanding fine distinctions)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st usePref.
Web Links
wrath
10 uses
_ Nay; the wrath of any stone Would rise at him.†
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger — sometimes implying angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
Zeus
10 uses
A crowd of suppliants of all ages are waiting by the altar in front and on the steps of the Palace; among them the_ PRIEST OF ZEUS.†
Zeus = Greek mythology:  the most supreme of the gods
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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