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Oedipus King of Thebes (translated by: Murray)

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abhor
3 uses
And thou, O Golden-crown, Theban and named our own, O Wine-gleam, Voice of Joy, for ever more Ringed with thy Maenads white, Bacchus, draw near and smite, Smite with thy glad-eyed flame the God whom Gods abhor.†
abhor = hate or detest
DefinitionGenerally abhor means:
to hate or detest something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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abyss
1 use
But, as far as Sophocles is concerned, if anything in the nature of a criticism of life has been admitted into the play at all, it seems to be only a flash or two of that profound and pessimistic arraignment of the ruling powers which in other plays also opens at times like a sudden abyss across the smooth surface of his art.†
abyss = a hole or dropoff so deep the bottom cannot be seen — often used figuratively to imply a frightening bottomless pit
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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beseech
1 use
I beseech thee....†
beseech = to ask strongly or beg for something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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calamity
2 uses
That makes thy pride and thy calamity.†
calamity = a disastrous event; or the distress resulting from it
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
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crescendo
1 use
On the whole, I can only say that the work of translation has made me feel even more strongly than before the extraordinary grip and reality of the dialogue, the deftness of the construction, and, except perhaps for a slight drop in the Creon scene, the unbroken crescendo of tragedy from the opening to the close.†
crescendo = gradual increase in intensity; or maximum intensity
DefinitionGenerally crescendo means:
a gradual increase in intensity; or the time of maximum intensity — especially in the loudness of music
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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deft
1 use
On the whole, I can only say that the work of translation has made me feel even more strongly than before the extraordinary grip and reality of the dialogue, the deftness of the construction, and, except perhaps for a slight drop in the Creon scene, the unbroken crescendo of tragedy from the opening to the close.†
deftness = skillful

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-ness" converts an adjective to a noun that means the quality of. This is the same pattern you see in words like darkness, kindness, and coolness.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
Web Links
delude
2 uses
What life hath Delusion so visited, and Pain, And swiftness of Disaster?†
delusion = a false belief

(editor's note:  The suffix "-sion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in admission from admit, discussion from discuss, and invasion from invade.)
DefinitionGenerally delude means:
deceive (convince to have a false belief)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
disperse
1 use
[_The crowd disperses.†
disperses = scatters or spreads
DefinitionGenerally this sense of disperse means:
to scatter or cause to spread
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
expound
1 use
At the present day it is not in the best manners to moralise over a man who is down, any more than it is the part of a comforter to expound and insist upon his friend's misfortunes.†
expound = explain or discuss in detail
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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external
1 use
But such flaws are external, not essential.†
external = outside
DefinitionGenerally external means:
outside
in various senses, including:
  • coming from or existing outside a place, organization or thing — as in "external trade"
  • forming or relating to an outside boundary — as in "external walls"
  • on the surface or superficial as contrasted to something that is deep or complete — as in "external appearances"
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePref.
Web Links
fetter
1 use
_ My curse, my curse upon him, That man whom pity held in the wilderness, Who saved the feet alive from the blood-fetter And loosed the barb thereof!†
fetter = restrain or hinder
DefinitionGenerally fetter means:
to restrain or hinder

or more archaically:

a shackle for the ankles
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
forsake
2 uses
Did not thy masteries of old forsake thee when the end was near?†
forsake = abandon or give up on
DefinitionGenerally forsake means:
to abandon or give up on — such as someone who needs you, or an idea, or a place
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
heed
2 uses
We had no heed Of distant sorrows, having death so near.†
heed = pay close attention to; or do what is suggested
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePlay
Web Links
infamous
1 use
She and Laius both "believed a bad oracle": her terror and her love for her husband made her consent to an infamous act of cruelty to her own child, an act of which the thought sickens her still, and about which she cannot, when she tries, speak the whole truth.†
infamous = having an exceedingly bad reputation
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
Web Links
infamy
1 use
I would not have thee cast to infamy Of guilt, where none is proved, One who hath sworn and whom thou once hast loved.†
infamy = famous for something that is bad; or an extremely bad event
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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rhetoric
1 use
Creon's defence, p. 34, "from probabilities," as the rhetoricians would have called it, seems less interesting to us than it probably did to the poet's contemporaries.†
rhetoricians = skillful use of words to make a point
DefinitionGenerally rhetoric means:
the use of (or study of using) words to make a point — typically implying skillful use
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePlay
Web Links
supposition
1 use
It contains no doubt a few points of unsophisticated technique such as can be found in all ancient and nearly all modern drama; for instance, the supposition that Oedipus has never inquired into the death of his predecessor on the throne.†
supposition = something supposed (rather than something known to be so)
DefinitionGenerally supposition means:
something supposed (rather than something known to be so) — especially when others doubt that reality
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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tact
1 use
]—Amid all Creon's whole-hearted forgiveness of Oedipus and his ready kindness there are one or two lines of his which strike a modern reader as tactless if not harsh.†
tactless = the quality of saying or handling things in a needlessly offensive manner

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-less" in tactless means without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearless, homeless, and endless.)
DefinitionGenerally tact means:
the ability or act of saying or handling things in such a way that others feel good about them
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st usePlay
Web Links
tyranny
1 use
The scene serves at least to quicken the pace of the drama, to bring out the impetuous and somewhat tyrannical nature of Oedipus, and to prepare the magnificent entrance of Jocasta.†
tyrannical = harsh and unjust
DefinitionGenerally tyranny means:
harsh and unjust rule
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st usePlay
Web Links
vengeance
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
vengeance is mine
No tale thereof they tell, nor no sign thereof they show; Who dares to rise for vengeance and cast Oedipus away For a dark, dark death long ago!†
vengeance = the act of taking revenge
DefinitionGenerally this sense of vengeance means:
the act of taking revenge

(Revenge means to harm someone to get them back for something harmful that they have done.)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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