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Oedipus the King

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abject
1 use
Come hither, deign to touch an abject wretch; Draw near and fear not; I myself must bear The load of guilt that none but I can share.†
abject = extreme
DefinitionGenerally abject means:
extreme (in a negative sense such as misery, hopelessness, submissiveness, cruelty, or cowardice)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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begrudge
1 use
Therefore begrudging neither augury Nor other divination that is thine, O save thyself, thy country, and thy king, Save all from this defilement of blood shed.†
begrudging = resenting; or giving unwillingly
DefinitionGenerally begrudge means:
to resent (feel bitterness—usually over unfairness); or to give unwillingly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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beseech
1 use
And now, O Oedipus, our peerless king, All we thy votaries beseech thee, find Some succor, whether by a voice from heaven Whispered, or haply known by human wit.†
beseech = to ask strongly or beg for something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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besiege
1 use
PRIEST Yea, Oedipus, my sovereign lord and king, Thou seest how both extremes of age besiege Thy palace altars—fledglings hardly winged, and greybeards bowed with years; priests, as am I of Zeus, and these the flower of our youth.†
besiege = surround and cut-off supplies; or overwhelm
DefinitionGenerally besiege means:
to surround with armed forces, and cut-off supplies or attack

or:

to make an overwhelming number of requests, complaints, or comments — typically in an annoying manner and sometimes while surrounding
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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blithe
1 use
Thee too I call with golden-snooded hair, Whose name our land doth bear, Bacchus to whom thy Maenads Evoe shout; Come with thy bright torch, rout, Blithe god whom we adore, The god whom gods abhor.†
blithe = carefree and happy
DefinitionGenerally blithe means:
carefree and happy — often unaware of or ignoring something that should be of concern
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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chastise
2 uses
Thank thy grey hairs that thou hast still to learn What chastisement such arrogance deserves.†
chastisement = to scold or criticize
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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choleric
1 use
OEDIPUS And who could stay his choler when he heard How insolently thou dost flout the State?†
choler = associated with anger; or a bodily fluid medieval medicine associated with anger
DefinitionGenerally choleric means:
easily moved to anger; or characterized by anger
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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confound
1 use
Such evils, issuing from the double source, Have whelmed them both, confounding man and wife.†
confounding = confusing or frustrating
DefinitionGenerally confound means:
to confuse, prove wrong, frustrate, or express frustration
in various senses, including:
confuse or surprise — sometimes specifically to confuse one thing with another
  • "confounded by the puzzle" — confused or perplexed
  • "Test results confounded the experts." — surprised and confused
  • "Do not confound confidence with correctness." — mistake one thing for another
prove wrong, defeat, or frustrate
  • "The test results confounded my theory." — proved wrong
  • "Their defense confounded our offense." — defeated or frustrated
make worse
  • "She confounded the problem by painting without sanding." — made worse
  • "The task is complicated by other confounding factors." — making worse
an exclamation expressing anger or frustration
  • "Confound it! Will I ever get this thing to work?"
  • "I don't understand the confounded directions!"
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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congregate
1 use
Meanwhile, the common folk, with wreathed boughs Crowd our two market-places, or before Both shrines of Pallas congregate, or where Ismenus gives his oracles by fire.†
congregate = come together as a group
Word Statistics
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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deride
1 use
CREON Not in derision, Oedipus, I come Nor to upbraid thee with thy past misdeeds.†
derision = critical disrespect — typically while laughing at or making fun of

(editor's note:  The suffix "-sion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in admission from admit, discussion from discuss, and invasion from invade.)
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
to criticize with strong disrespect — often
with humor
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
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expiate
1 use
OEDIPUS What expiation means he?†
expiation = atonement (a way of demonstrating sorrow for a wrong either by doing something good in return for the wrong, or by accepting punishment)

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally expiate means:
atone (demonstrate sorrow for a wrong either by doing something good to make up for the wrong, or accepting punishment)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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feud
2 uses
Proof is there none: how then can I challenge our King's good name, How in a blood-feud join for an untracked deed of shame?†
feud = a bitter, long-standing fight
DefinitionGenerally feud means:
bitter hostile argument between two parties — typically long-standing between families or tribes with occasional incidents of violence
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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infamy
2 uses
TEIRESIAS I say thou livest with thy nearest kin In infamy, unwitting in thy shame.†
infamy = famous for something that is bad; or an extremely bad event
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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inveterate
1 use
King Phoebus bids us straitly extirpate A fell pollution that infests the land, And no more harbor an inveterate sore.†
inveterate = habitual; or something of long standing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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omnipotent
1 use
O Zeus, reveal thy might, King, if thou'rt named aright Omnipotent, all-seeing, as of old; For Laius is forgot; His weird, men heed it not; Apollo is forsook and faith grows cold.†
omnipotent = all powerful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
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presage
1 use
OEDIPUS O King Apollo! may his joyous looks Be presage of the joyous news he brings!†
presage = serve as a sign of something about to happen — typically something bad
Word Statistics
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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purge
2 uses
Again the oracle was consulted and it bade them purge themselves of blood-guiltiness.†
purge = get rid of
DefinitionGenerally purge means:
get rid of things thought undesirable
The exact meaning of purge can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "purge the government of our enemies" — get rid of people for political reasons
  • "purge my closet of everything I haven't worn in a year" — get rid of undesired things
  • "To purge yourself of crippling sorrow, you'll need to express it." — get rid of unwanted feelings
  • "I'm doing a 24-hour purge and then starting a new diet." — emptying the intestinal tract
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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scapegoat
1 use
Methinks that thou and thine abettor soon Will rue your plot to drive the scapegoat out.†
scapegoat = someone blamed or punished for the errors of others

(editor's note:  This expression comes from an ancient Jewish ritual in which the sins of the people were ritually transferred to a goat which was then driven into the desert away from the community.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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spurn
2 uses
My zeal in your behalf ye cannot doubt; Ruthless indeed were I and obdurate If such petitioners as you I spurned.†
spurned = rejected as not good enough
DefinitionGenerally spurn means:
reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
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venom
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
snake venom
They were indignant at the random slur Cast on my parentage and did their best To comfort me, but still the venomed barb Rankled, for still the scandal spread and grew.†
venomed = poison created by some insects and animals such as snakes
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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