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The Odyssey by Homer (translated by: Butcher & Lang)

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
accord
19 uses
1  —16 uses as in:
according to, or in accord with
The translation of the passage (B. v.246-261) is accordingly altered.†
accordingly = in keeping with or in agreement with what was just stated
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
in keeping with; or in agreement/harmony/unity with
This sense of accord is often seen in the form according to or accordingly where it can take on more specific meanings. For example:
  • "According to Kim, ..." — as stated by
  • "To each according to her ability." — based upon
  • "Points are scored according to how well they perform." — depending upon
  • "The dose is calculated according to body weight." — in proportion to
  • "We got a flat tire. Accordingly, I pulled to the side of the road." — because of what was just said; or as a result
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library53 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —3 uses
afflict
30 uses
I said that after sore affliction, with the loss of all his company, unknown to all, in the twentieth year he should come home.†
affliction = something that causes ongoing suffering

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally afflict means:
cause suffering — such as illness, pain, or unhappiness
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
The wooers defer the plot to kill Telemachus, as the day is holy to Apollo.
defer = postpone (hold off on)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
delay or postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
dispose
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
disposed the troops along...
As Menelaus was the brother of Agamemnon, the Emperor, so to speak, or recognised chief of the petty kingdoms of Greece, the whole force of these kingdoms was at his disposal.†
disposal = command

(editor's note:  When something is "at someone's disposal" it is "at their command," or "available for their use." They can use it as they please.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dispose means:
the arrangement, positioning, or use of things
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useIntr.
Web Links
dwell
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a modest dwelling
Then tore they with their talons each the other's cheeks and neck on every side, and so sped to the right across the dwellings and the city of the people.†
dwellings = houses or shelters in which people live
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 2
Web Links
entreat
25 uses
Do thou thyself entreat him, that he may give thee unerring answer.†
entreat = ask earnestly
DefinitionGenerally entreat means:
to ask — especially while trying hard to overcome resistance
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
grave
5 uses
And a grave dame bare wheaten bread and set it by them, and laid on the board many dainties, giving freely of such things as she had by her.†
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 1
Web Links
grievous
30 uses
'So spake he, but my spirit within me was broken, for that he bade me again to go to Aegyptus over the misty deep, a long and grievous way.†
grievous = very serious; or very bad
DefinitionGenerally grievous means:
very serious; or very bad; or causing grief
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 19
Web Links
heed
35 uses
So spake he, nor heedless was the messenger, the slayer of Argos.†
heedless = ignorant or ignoring; or not following advice

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-less" in heedless means without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearless, homeless, and endless.)
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book35 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
It is hoped that the Introduction added to the second edition may illustrate the growth of those national legends on which Homer worked, and may elucidate the plot of the Odyssey.†
illustrate = help make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st usePref.
Web Links
mentor
21 uses
So with that word he sat him down; then in the midst uprose Mentor, the companion of noble Odysseus.†
mentor = someone who guides and advises another who is less experienced; or the act of providing such guidance
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useIntr.
Web Links
moreover
37 uses
Moreover it is hard for me to make heavy restitution to Icarius, as needs I must, if of mine own will I send my mother away.†
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book37 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 2
Web Links
mortal
19 uses
1  —19 uses as in:
mortal body
Yea, how should I forget divine Odysseus, who in understanding is beyond mortals and beyond all men hath done sacrifice to the deathless gods, who keep the wide heaven?†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book19 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
perish
63 uses
For through the blindness of their own hearts they perished, fools, who devoured the oxen of Helios Hyperion: but the god took from them their day of returning.†
perished = died, was destroyed, or ceased to exist
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book63 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 15
Web Links
rebuke
20 uses
Their ungracious speech it is that I would avoid, lest some man afterward rebuke me, and there are but too many insolent folk among the people.†
rebuke = criticize severely; or such criticism
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 8
Web Links
wrath
25 uses
And he honoured her even as he honoured his dear wife in the halls, but he never lay with her, for he shunned the wrath of his lady.†
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger or angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 22
Web Links
wretched
27 uses
Then were the knees of Odysseus loosened and his heart melted, and heavily he spake to his own great spirit: 'Oh, wretched man that I am! what is to befal me at the last?†
wretched = miserable or very bad
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad
in various senses, including:
  • unfortunate or miserable — as in "wretched prisoners sleeping on the cold floor"
  • of poor quality — as in "wretched roads"
  • morally bad — as in "The wretched woman stole his wallet."
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 6 uses
1  —1 use as in:
will yield valuable data
And Odysseus of many counsels answered him saying: 'Thou too, my friend, all hail; and may the gods vouchsafe thee happiness, and mayst thou never miss this sword which thou hast given me, thou that with soft speech hast yielded me amends.'†
yielded = produced or gave
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 8
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
yield to pressure
But whensoever we Achaeans did battle on the plain of Troy, he never tarried behind in the throng or the press of men, but ran out far before us all, yielding to none in that might of his.†
yielding = giving in, giving up, or giving way (easily moved or soft)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
Zeus
272 uses
The chief agent in his restoration is Pallas Athene; the first book opens with her prayer to Zeus that Odysseus may be delivered.†
Zeus = Greek mythology:  the most supreme of the gods
Word Statistics
Book272 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
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† 
Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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