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The Odyssey by Homer (translated by: Butcher & Lang)
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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afflict
30 uses
I said that after sore affliction, with the loss of all his company, unknown to all, in the twentieth year he should come home.†
affliction = something that causes ongoing suffering
DefinitionGenerally afflict means:
cause suffering — such as illness, pain, or unhappiness
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
bronze
55 uses
And she seized her doughty spear, shod with sharp bronze, weighty and huge and strong, wherewith she quells the ranks of heroes with whomsoever she is wroth, the daughter of the mighty sire.†
bronze = a reddish brown metal that is made of copper and (usually) tin

or:

the reddish-brown color of the metal (such as a bronze tan)

or:

something made of the alloy — such as a sculpture
Word Statistics
Book55 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
deemed
33 uses
And he marked the thing and was amazed, for he deemed that it was a god; and anon he went among the wooers, a godlike man.†
deemed = believed or judged
Word Statistics
Book33 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
The wooers defer the plot to kill Telemachus, as the day is holy to Apollo.
defer = postpone (hold off on)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useIntr.
Web Links
dwell
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a modest dwelling
Then tore they with their talons each the other's cheeks and neck on every side, and so sped to the right across the dwellings and the city of the people.†
dwellings = houses or shelters in which people live
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 2
Web Links
grave
5 uses
And a grave dame bare wheaten bread and set it by them, and laid on the board many dainties, giving freely of such things as she had by her.†
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 1
Web Links
grievous
30 uses
'So spake he, but my spirit within me was broken, for that he bade me again to go to Aegyptus over the misty deep, a long and grievous way.†
grievous = very serious; or very bad
DefinitionGenerally grievous means:
very serious; or very bad; or causing grief
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 19
Web Links
harangue
16 uses
Then Antinous, son of Eupeithes, answered him: 'Telemachus, in very truth the gods themselves instruct thee to be proud of speech and boldly to harangue.†
harangue = to try to persuade, or to criticize in an impassioned and often annoying manner; or a speech with such an intent
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
heed
34 uses
So spake he, nor heedless was the messenger, the slayer of Argos.†
heedless = ignorant or ignoring; or not following advice
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book34 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
It is hoped that the Introduction added to the second edition may illustrate the growth of those national legends on which Homer worked, and may elucidate the plot of the Odyssey.†
illustrate = help make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st usePref.
Web Links
mentor
21 uses
So with that word he sat him down; then in the midst uprose Mentor, the companion of noble Odysseus.†
mentor = someone who guides and advises another who is less experienced; or the act of providing such guidance
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useIntr.
Web Links
moreover
37 uses
Moreover it is hard for me to make heavy restitution to Icarius, as needs I must, if of mine own will I send my mother away.†
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book37 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 2
Web Links
mortal
19 uses
1  —19 uses as in:
mortal body
Yea, how should I forget divine Odysseus, who in understanding is beyond mortals and beyond all men hath done sacrifice to the deathless gods, who keep the wide heaven?†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book19 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
perish
62 uses
For through the blindness of their own hearts they perished, fools, who devoured the oxen of Helios Hyperion: but the god took from them their day of returning.†
perished = died, was destroyed, or ceased to exist
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book62 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 15
Web Links
ruinous
14 uses
The 'ruinous winds' drove Odysseus and his ships for ten days, and on the tenth they touched the land of the LotusEaters, whose flowery food causes sweet forgetfulness.†
ruinous = catastrophic or extremely harmful; or badly damaged or decayed (like ancient ruins)
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
wrath
25 uses
And he honoured her even as he honoured his dear wife in the halls, but he never lay with her, for he shunned the wrath of his lady.†
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger — sometimes implying angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 22
Web Links
wretched
27 uses
Then were the knees of Odysseus loosened and his heart melted, and heavily he spake to his own great spirit: 'Oh, wretched man that I am! what is to befal me at the last?†
wretched = very bad
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad, in various senses such as:
  • unfortunate or miserable
  • of poor quality
  • morally bad
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
will yield valuable data
Then he stood erect, and smote the boar with a billet of oak which he had left in the cleaving, and the boar yielded up his life.†
yielded up = produced or showed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 8
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
yield to pressure
Thou knowest how firm is my spirit and unyielding, and I will keep me fast as stubborn stone or iron.†
unyielding = strict, firm, or hard (not giving in, not giving way, or not giving up)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
Zeus
272 uses
The chief agent in his restoration is Pallas Athene; the first book opens with her prayer to Zeus that Odysseus may be delivered.†
Zeus = Greek mythology:  the most supreme of the gods
Word Statistics
Book272 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
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