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The Odyssey by Homer (translated by: Butcher & Lang)
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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afflict
30 uses
She is afflicted by diabetes.
afflicted = made to suffer
DefinitionGenerally afflict means:
cause suffering — such as illness, pain, or unhappiness
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
bronze
55 uses
She received the bronze medal at the Olympics.
bronze = a metal alloy of copper and (usually) tin (that is given at the Olympics for a third place finish)
DefinitionGenerally bronze means:
a reddish brown metal that is made of copper and (usually) tin

or:

the reddish-brown color of the metal (such as a bronze tan)

or:

something made of the alloy — such as a sculpture
Word Statistics
Book55 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
deemed
33 uses
The producer deemed her too old to play the role.
deemed = believed or judged
Word Statistics
Book33 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
The weather forced us to defer our departure another day.
defer = postpone or delay
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useIntr.
Web Links
dwell
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a modest dwelling
There is a second dwelling unit on the property.
dwelling = a home in which someone lives
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 2
Web Links
grave
5 uses
Her smile disappeared as she suddenly realized the gravity of her situation.
gravity = seriousness or importance (weightiness)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 1
Web Links
grievous
30 uses
She suffered grievous bodily harm.
grievous = very serious; or very bad
DefinitionGenerally grievous means:
very serious; or very bad; or causing grief
Word Statistics
Book30 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 19
Web Links
harangue
16 uses
My parents continuously harangue me about my grades.
harangue = annoyingly try to persuade or criticize
DefinitionGenerally harangue means:
to try to persuade, or to criticize in an impassioned and often annoying manner; or a speech with such an intent
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
heed
34 uses
Heed the advice of the old women.
heed = pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book34 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
Pictures of flooding help to illustrate the problem of global warming.
illustrate = make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st usePref.
Web Links
mentor
21 uses
The famous professor mentored her during her years in graduate school
mentored = acted as guide and advisor for someone with less experience
DefinitionGenerally mentor means:
someone who guides and advises another who is less experienced; or the act of providing such guidance
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useIntr.
Web Links
moreover
37 uses
The company has too much debt. Moreover, it is responsible for a long term lease on expensive office space.
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book37 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 2
Web Links
mortal
19 uses
1  —19 uses as in:
mortal body
Don't expect perfection of a mere mortal.
mortal = human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book19 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
perish
62 uses
...government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.
Abraham Lincoln  --  Gettysburg Address
perish = be destroyed or cease to exist
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book62 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 15
Web Links
ruinous
14 uses
It was a ruinous war.
ruinous = extremely harmful
DefinitionGenerally ruinous means:
catastrophic or extremely harmful; or badly damaged or decayed (like ancient ruins)
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
wrath
25 uses
She could hardly contain her wrath when she learned he had betrayed her.
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger — sometimes implying angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 22
Web Links
wretched
27 uses
The children were taken into protective custody due to their wretched living conditions.
wretched = miserable
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad, in various senses such as:
  • unfortunate or miserable
  • of poor quality
  • morally bad
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
will yield valuable data
The discovery could yield a more effective treatment for diabetes.
yield = produce (lead to)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 8
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
yield to pressure
The country vowed not to yield to pressure from its larger neighbors.
yield = give in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
Zeus
272 uses
Jupiter is the Roman counterpart to the Greek Zeus.
Zeus = Greek mythology:  the most supreme of the gods
Word Statistics
Book272 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
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