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Of Human Bondage
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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abstract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
abstract thought
His mind was concrete and moved with difficulty in regions of the abstract;
abstract = of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
DefinitionGenerally this sense of abstract means:
of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

or more rarely:

describing someone as distracted — thinking about something outside of the immediate conversation or circumstances
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 53-54
Web Links
accustomed
27 uses
He was unaccustomed to alcohol and it had gone to his head.
unaccustomed = not used to

(editor's note: The standard prefix "un" means "not" and so reverses the meaning of the root word.)
DefinitionGenerally accustomed means:
psychologically or physically used to something
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 13-14
Web Links
anguish
22 uses
His heart was torn with anguish.
anguish = extreme distress
DefinitionGenerally anguish means:
extreme distress of body or mind
Word Statistics
Book22 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 27-28
Web Links
benevolent
2 uses
if he finds pleasure in helping others he is benevolent;
benevolent = kind and generous
DefinitionGenerally benevolent means:
kind, generous, or charitable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 117-118
Web Links
capricious
1 use
They dined together, and Philip was delighted when he had ordered something which tempted Mildred's capricious appetite.
capricious = unpredictable
DefinitionGenerally capricious means:
impulsive or unpredictable or tending to make sudden changes — especially impulsive behavior
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 71-72
Web Links
cease
28 uses
She never ceased reminding him that he was under a debt of gratitude to her which he could never repay.
ceased = stopped
DefinitionGenerally cease means:
to stop or discontinue
Word Statistics
Book28 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 29-30
Web Links
contempt
5 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
feels contempt towards her
The ridicule and the contempt which had so often been heaped upon him...
contempt = lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contempt means:
lack of respect — often accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike or disgust
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 43-44
Web Links
correspond
3 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
corresponding by email
She had kept up a correspondence with Mrs. Carey, and two or three times had spent her holidays at Blackstable Vicarage, paying as was usual with the Careys' unfrequent guests a small sum for her keep.†
correspondence = communication by written letters or messages
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
communicate by writing letters or email
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3-4
Web Links
?  —1 use
exact meaning not specified
or not quizzed
despise
28 uses
in your heart you despise sensual pleasures.
despise = to dislike strongly and look down on with disdain
DefinitionGenerally despise means:
to strongly dislike — and often to look down upon with disrespect
Word Statistics
Book28 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 21-22
Web Links
endure
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
endured the pain
he was getting to the end of his endurance, and when he thought of going back to work in the morning he shuddered with horror.
endurance = ability to suffer through
DefinitionGenerally this sense of endure means:
to suffer through (or put up with something difficult or unpleasant)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11-12
Web Links
establish
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Philip found that Miss Price had not paid the last quarter's rent: on New Year's Day she had not given the concierge the present which old-established custom led him to regard as a right.†
established = long-practiced
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 5-6
Web Links
expedient
1 use
He had come to Paris to write novels and kept himself meanwhile by all the expedients possible to a penniless man; he gave lessons, he did any translations he could get hold of, ...
expedients = actions that are practical

(editor's note:  "kept himself" is a way of saying "earned a living")
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 47-48
Web Links
grave
16 uses
"It was meant seriously," he answered gravely.
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1-2
Web Links
inclined
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
I'm inclined to
Philip did not feel inclined to go to bed.
inclined = in the mood
DefinitionGenerally this sense of inclined means:
a tendency; in the mood; or an attitude that favors something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 53-54
Web Links
indifferent
56 uses
It was incomprehensible that she should care so much for a man who was so indifferent, so selfish, so...
indifferent = without interest (to her)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest — in various senses such as:
  • unconcerned
  • unsympathetic
  • impartial
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context)
Word Statistics
Book56 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19-20
Web Links
inevitable
17 uses
he no longer feared the inevitable passage into the night. He knew he was going to die:
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 45-46
Web Links
minuteness
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
minute size; or minute description
He wished there were someone to whom he could boast a little, and he would willingly have discussed minute points of his conduct.†
minute = small, detailed, or careful
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minuteness means:
very small

or:

detailed (including even small considerations); or careful (done with care)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 33-34
Web Links
revere
4 uses
The falls of Schaffhausen made him 'offer reverent thanks to the all-powerful Creator of the universe, whose works were wondrous and beautiful,'
reverent = with wonder and awe
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 67-68
Web Links
wretched
31 uses
One or two tried to make friends with him, but he was too tired and too wretched to accept their advances.
wretched = miserable
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad, in various senses such as:
  • unfortunate or miserable
  • of poor quality
  • morally bad
Word Statistics
Book31 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11-12
zeal
2 uses
Several of the assistants had gone to the war, and Lynn and Sedley with patriotic zeal had promised to keep their places open for them.
zeal = enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 15-16
Web Links
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