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My Antonia
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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deride
1 use
in spite of our derision she cherished a belief that Christ was born in Bohemia a short time before the Shimerdas left that country.
derision = disrespect — typically while laughing at or making fun of
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
deter
1 use
Often she was tempted to tell Martha that the child must be kept at home, but somehow the memory of his foolish, happy face deterred her.
deterred = prevented
DefinitionGenerally deter means:
try to prevent; or prevent
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
doleful
1 use
The tunes were either very lively or very doleful, and he sang words to some of them.
doleful = full of sadness
DefinitionGenerally doleful means:
expressing or causing sadness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
duplicity
1 use
As they went up the hill he kept glancing at her sidewise, to see whether she got his point, or how she received it. I noticed later that he always looked at people sidewise ... This trick did not suggest duplicity or secretiveness, but merely long habit,
duplicity = deception — such as lying
DefinitionGenerally duplicity means:
deception (lying to or misleading others) — usually over an extended period
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
One of them he had taken to Omaha and established in the business for which he had fitted her.†
established = settled
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useBook 2
Web Links
fastidious
1 use
He was so fastidious and prim about his place that a boy would go to a good deal of trouble to throw a dead cat into his back yard, or to dump a sackful of tin cans in his alley.
fastidious = excessively concerned with cleanliness
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
grave
4 uses
"Then I have misjudged you, and I ask your pardon"—he bowed gravely.
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 1
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
an illustrated children's book
Cuzak had brought home with him a roll of illustrated Bohemian papers.†
illustrated = accompanied by drawings
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to draw pictures (or provide photographs) to accompany a book or other writing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
laconic
1 use
He did not say anything for a minute, but scratched his head and turned the snake over with his boot. "Where did you run onto that beauty, Jim?"
  "Up at the dog-town," I answered laconically.
laconically = using few words
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
parsimonious
1 use
He was, I had discovered, parsimonious about small expenditures—a trait absolutely inconsistent with his general character.
parsimonious = extremely reluctant to spend money
DefinitionGenerally parsimonious means:
extreme reluctance to spend money or use resources
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
perfunctory
1 use
She could not be negative or perfunctory about anything.
perfunctory = without much interest or effort
DefinitionGenerally perfunctory means:
done without much interest or effort — especially as when dispensing with a formality
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
petulant
1 use
"You might have told me there was a
snake behind me!" I said petulantly.
petulantly = with unreasonable anger or upset
DefinitionGenerally petulant means:
unreasonably annoyed or upset

or:

easily annoyed or upset
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
pious
1 use
Cutter's first name was Wycliffe, and he liked to talk about his pious bringing-up.
pious = religious or highly moral
DefinitionGenerally pious means:
behaving in a highly moral or religious manner

or less commonly:  behaving highly moral in a self-righteous or holier-than-thou manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
reticent
1 use
She was quick at understanding the grandmothers who spoke no English, and the most reticent and distrustful of them would tell her their story without realizing they were doing so.
reticent = reluctant to speak freely
DefinitionGenerally reticent means:
reluctant — especially to speak freely
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
scrupulous
1 use
She looked bold and resourceful and unscrupulous, and she was all of these.
unscrupulous = unethical
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
squander
2 uses
She was extravagant, of course, but he hoped she wouldn't squander everything, and have nothing left when she was old.
squander = waste (in this case, money)
DefinitionGenerally squander means:
to waste — money, resources, or opportunities
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
supercilious
1 use
She liked me better from that time on, and she never took a supercilious air with me again.
supercilious = arrogant
DefinitionGenerally supercilious means:
arrogant (acting as if better, more important, and superior in ideas than others)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
taciturn
1 use
...but grandfather was naturally taciturn, and Jake and Otto were often so tired after supper that I used to feel as if I were surrounded by a wall of silence.
taciturn = tending not to speak much
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
venerate
1 use
I remember vividly another evening, when something led us to talk of Dante's veneration for Virgil.
veneration = feelings of respect and reverence
DefinitionGenerally venerate means:
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
zeal
1 use
I had never seen her so energetic; she was panting with zeal,
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
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