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Madame Bovary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
amble
1 use
Charles, on the extreme edge of the seat, held the reins with his two arms wide apart, and the little horse ambled along in the shafts that were too big for him.
ambled = walked slowly
DefinitionGenerally amble means:
to walk leisurely or slowly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.8
Web Links
ameliorate
3 uses
Honour to those indefatigable spirits who consecrate their vigils to the amelioration or to the alleviation of their kind!
amelioration = improvement

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally ameliorate means:
to improve — especially a bad situation
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.8
Web Links
assiduous
1 use
Then she got rid of the Homais family, successively dismissed all the other visitors, and even frequented church less assiduously,
assiduously = diligently (with care and persistence)
DefinitionGenerally assiduous means:
diligent (showing care and persistent effort)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
censure
1 use
Madame Bovary senior found nothing to censure except perhaps this mania of knitting jackets for orphans instead of mending her own house-linen;
censure = harsh or formal criticism
DefinitionGenerally censure means:
harsh criticism; or formal criticism from an organization — such as the U.S. Senate
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
Then he took energetic resolutions, wrote letters that he tore up, put it off to times that he again deferred.
deferred = postponed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
delay or postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.4
Web Links
denounce
2 uses
... and denounced abuses,
denounced = strongly criticized
DefinitionGenerally denounce means:
to strongly criticize or accuse publicly

or more rarely:  to inform against someone (turn someone into the authorities)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
depravity
1 use
While she was considering him thus, tasting in her irritation a sort of depraved pleasure, Leon made a step forward.
depraved = immoral or evil
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.5
Web Links
dispose
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
disposed the troops along...
"If madame will do me the honour of making use of it", said the chemist, who had just caught the last words, "I have at her disposal a library composed of the best authors, Voltaire, Rousseau, Delille, Walter Scott, the 'Echo des Feuilletons'; and in addition...†
disposal = command

(editor's note:  When something is "at someone's disposal" it is "at their command," or "available for their use." They can use it as they please.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dispose means:
the arrangement, positioning, or use of things
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
establish
5 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Thus a kind of bond was established between them, a constant commerce of books and of romances.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
expedient
1 use
He reflected, imagined expedients, such as applying to his father or selling something.
expedients = actions that are speedy, practical, or convenient
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
fastidious
1 use
Emma made her toilet with the fastidious care of an actress on her debut.
fastidious = giving careful attention to detail

(editor's note:  In this case toilet refers to "the act of washing and dressing".)
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.8
Web Links
heresy
1 use
...Emma's religion, he thought, might, from its fervour, end by touching on heresy,
heresy = opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
indifferent
13 uses
...she redoubled in tenderness, and Rodolphe concealed his indifference less and less.
indifference = lack of interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3.2
Web Links
irony   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
situational irony
She revelled in all the evil ironies of triumphant adultery.
ironies = things that are very different than what might be expected; or things that seem incongruous together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of irony means:
when what happens is very different than what might be expected; or when things are together that seem like they don't belong together — especially when amusing or an entertaining coincidence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
verbal irony
"Whose fault is that?" said Lheureux, bowing ironically.
ironically = saying one thing, while meaning the opposite (in this case, bowing as though respectfully when no respect is intended.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of irony means:
saying one thing, while meaning the opposite or something else — usually as humor or sarcasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.6
Web Links
philanthropy
1 use
Thus on Tuesday our little town of Yonville found itself the scene of a surgical operation which is at the same time an act of loftiest philanthropy.
philanthropy = helping others
DefinitionGenerally philanthropy means:
helping others — especially donating money to worthy causes; or an organization that does so
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11
Web Links
remonstrate
1 use
In the beginning of spring she had the garden turned up from end to end, despite Bovary's remonstrances.
remonstrances = arguments in protest or opposition
DefinitionGenerally remonstrate means:
argue, complain, or criticize
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
revere
3 uses
The Lady Superior even thought that she had latterly been somewhat irreverent to the community.
irreverent = showing a lack of respect

(Editor's note:  The prefix "ir-" in irreverent means not and reverses the meaning of reverent. This prefix is sometimes used before words beginning with "R" as seen in words like irrational, irregular, and irresistible.)        
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3.2
Web Links
scrupulous
1 use
The ready-laid table, the two silver chafing-dishes, the crystal door-knobs, the parquet and the furniture, all shone with a scrupulous, English cleanliness;
scrupulous = diligent (showing careful to detail)
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3.7
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
Had he done so, he would, no doubt, have attributed his zeal to the importance of the case, or perhaps to the money he hoped to make by it.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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