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Madame Bovary
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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ameliorate
3 uses
Honour to those indefatigable spirits who consecrate their vigils to the amelioration or to the alleviation of their kind!
amelioration = improvement
DefinitionGenerally ameliorate means:
to improve — especially a bad situation
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.8
Web Links
censure
1 use
Madame Bovary senior found nothing to censure except perhaps this mania of knitting jackets for orphans instead of mending her own house-linen;
censure = harsh or formal criticism
DefinitionGenerally censure means:
harsh criticism; or formal criticism from an organization — such as the U.S. Senate
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
contempt
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
feels contempt towards her
When he did come, she showed herself cold and almost contemptuous.
contemptuous = showing a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contempt means:
lack of respect — often accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike or disgust
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.8
Web Links
depravity
1 use
While she was considering him thus, tasting in her irritation a sort of depraved pleasure, Leon made a step forward.
depraved = immoral or evil
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.5
Web Links
diligent
7 uses
The diligence stopped at the "Croix-Rouge" in the Place Beauvoisine.
diligence = stagecoach

(editor's note:  Standardized tests may look for a more common and more modern meaning of diligence—defined as "hard work and care".)
DefinitionGenerally diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.8
Web Links
erudite
1 use
He displayed his erudition,
erudition = deep scholarly knowledge
DefinitionGenerally erudite means:
having or showing deep scholarly knowledge
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.8
Web Links
establish
5 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Thus a kind of bond was established between them, a constant commerce of books and of romances.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
expedient
1 use
He reflected, imagined expedients, such as applying to his father or selling something.
expedients = actions that are speedy, practical, or convenient
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
fastidious
1 use
Emma made her toilet with the fastidious care of an actress on her debut.
fastidious = giving careful attention to detail

(editor's note:  In this case toilet refers to "the act of washing and dressing".)
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.8
Web Links
heresy
1 use
...Emma's religion, he thought, might, from its fervour, end by touching on heresy,
heresy = opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
indifferent
13 uses
...she redoubled in tenderness, and Rodolphe concealed his indifference less and less.
indifference = lack of interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest — in various senses such as:
  • unconcerned
  • unsympathetic
  • impartial
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.2
Web Links
irony   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
situational irony
She revelled in all the evil ironies of triumphant adultery.
ironies = things that are very different than what might be expected; or things that seem incongruous together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of irony means:
when what happens is very different than what might be expected; or when things are together that seem like they don't belong together — especially when amusing or an entertaining coincidence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
verbal irony
"Whose fault is that?" said Lheureux, bowing ironically.
ironically = saying one thing, while meaning the opposite (in this case, bowing as though respectfully when no respect is intended.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of irony means:
saying one thing, while meaning the opposite or something else — usually as humor or sarcasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.6
Web Links
perspicacity
1 use
Monsieur Rodolphe Boulanger was thirty-four; he was of brutal temperament and intelligent perspicacity, having, moreover, had much to do with women, and knowing them well.
perspicacity = the capacity to quickly assess situations and make good decisions
DefinitionGenerally perspicacity means:
intelligence — especially the ability to quickly assess situations and make good decisions
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.7
Web Links
remonstrate
1 use
In the beginning of spring she had the garden turned up from end to end, despite Bovary's remonstrances.
remonstrances = arguments in protest or opposition
DefinitionGenerally remonstrate means:
argue in protest or opposition
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
Web Links
resignation
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
accepted it with resignation
And Charles, his head in his hands, went on in a broken voice, and with the resigned accent of infinite sorrow—.
resigned = having accepted something undesired as unavoidable
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resignation means:
acceptance of something undesired as unavoidable or the lesser of evils
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3.11
Web Links
scrupulous
1 use
The ready-laid table, the two silver chafing-dishes, the crystal door-knobs, the parquet and the furniture, all shone with a scrupulous, English cleanliness;
scrupulous = diligent (showing careful to detail)
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.7
Web Links
servile
1 use
He obeyed then, but the strength of his desire protested against the servility of his conduct;
servility = submissiveness
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
venerate
2 uses
At this time she had a cult for Mary Stuart and enthusiastic veneration for illustrious or unhappy women.
veneration = feelings of respect and reverence
DefinitionGenerally venerate means:
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.6
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
Had he done so, he would, no doubt, have attributed his zeal to the importance of the case, or perhaps to the money he hoped to make by it.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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