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Leviathan

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abrogate
8 uses
Besides, when the Soveraign commandeth any thing to be done against his own former Law, the Command, as to that particular fact, is an abrogation of the Law.†
abrogation = the act of formally abolishing (doing away with) something

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally abrogate means:
to abolish (do away with) something
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.26
Web Links
abstruse
1 use
And this is incident to none but those, that converse in questions of matters incomprehensible, as the Schoole-men; or in questions of abstruse Philosophy.†
abstruse = difficult to understand; or not known by the great majority of people
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.8
Web Links
antecedent
9 uses
For if he that doeth it, hath not passed away his originall right to do what he please, by some Antecedent Covenant, there is no breach of Covenant; and therefore no Injury done him.†
antecedent = something that happened previous to something else; or anything that precedes something
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.12
Web Links
approbation
6 uses
To honour those another honours, is to Honour him; as a signe of approbation of his judgement.†
approbation = approval
DefinitionGenerally approbation means:
approval - often official
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.10
Web Links
cabal
1 use
Secret Cabals If the Soveraign Power be in a great Assembly, and a number of men, part of the Assembly, without authority, consult a part, to contrive the guidance of the rest; This is a Faction, or Conspiracy unlawfull, as being a fraudulent seducing of the Assembly for their particular interest.†
cabals = small groups of people who plot in secret and exercise power
DefinitionGenerally cabal means:
a small group of people who plot in secret and exercise power — especially political power

or (more rarely):  a plot by such a group
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.22
Web Links
cessation
1 use
For those men that are so remissely governed, that they dare take up Armes, to defend, or introduce an Opinion, are still in Warre; and their condition not Peace, but only a Cessation of Armes for feare of one another; and they live as it were, in the procincts of battaile continually.†
cessation = a stopping
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.18
Web Links
choleric
2 uses
From the same it proceedeth, that men give different names, to one and the same thing, from the difference of their own passions: As they that approve a private opinion, call it Opinion; but they that mislike it, Haeresie: and yet haeresie signifies no more than private opinion; but has onely a greater tincture of choler.†
choler = associated with anger; or a bodily fluid medieval medicine associated with anger
DefinitionGenerally choleric means:
easily moved to anger; or characterized by anger
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.11
Web Links
circumscribe
2 uses
For when I consider how short were the Lawes of antient times; and how they grew by degrees still longer; me thinks I see a contention between the Penners, and Pleaders of the Law; the former seeking to circumscribe the later; and the later to evade their circumscriptions; and that the Pleaders have got the Victory.†
circumscribe = to restrict something within set limits; or draw a circle around or surround
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.30
Web Links
desist
2 uses
Which Insignificancy of language, though I cannot note it for false Philosophy; yet it hath a quality, not onely to hide the Truth, but also to make men think they have it, and desist from further search.†
desist = to not do something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.30
Web Links
disavow
1 use
...at any time advance: and if they find it contrary to that Rule, to doe as they did, that came to Moses, and complained that there were some that Prophecyed in the Campe, whose Authority so to doe they doubted of; and leave to the Soveraign, as they did to Moses to uphold, or to forbid them, as hee should see cause; and if hee disavow them, then no more to obey their voice; or if he approve them, then to obey them, as men to whom God hath given a part of the Spirit of their Soveraigne.†
disavow = to refuse to have knowledge of, responsibility for, or association with
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.36
Web Links
dissemble
1 use
...of Passions, which are the same in all men, Desire, Feare, Hope, &c; not the similitude or The Objects of the Passions, which are the things Desired, Feared, Hoped, &c: for these the constitution individuall, and particular education do so vary, and they are so easie to be kept from our knowledge, that the characters of mans heart, blotted and confounded as they are, with dissembling, lying, counterfeiting, and erroneous doctrines, are legible onely to him that searcheth hearts.†
dissembling = lying or deceiving (hiding or disguising the truth)
DefinitionGenerally dissemble means:
hide or disguise the truth without outright lying
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
diversify
2 uses
These simple Passions called Appetite, Desire, Love, Aversion, Hate, Joy, and griefe, have their names for divers considerations diversified.†
diversified = made more varied
DefinitionGenerally diversify means:
to make more varied
Diversify is used to describe variation in some things so frequently that they can be implied by the general context without a need to state them explicitly — such as:
  • with regard to people — varying races, ethnicities, and genders
  • with regard to investments — varying types of investments
  • with regard to a company — varying sources of business
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.4
Web Links
ecclesiastical
4 uses
1651 LEVIATHAN by Thomas Hobbes LEVIATHAN OR THE MATTER, FORME, & POWER OF A COMMON-WEALTH ECCLESIASTICAL AND CIVILL By Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury.†
ecclesiastical = associated with a church
DefinitionGenerally ecclesiastical means:
of or associated with a church — especially a Christian Church
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useDed.
Web Links
edify
4 uses
They must either do as the Jewes did after their return from captivity, in re-edifying the Temple, build with one hand, and hold the Sword in the other; or else they must hire others to fight for them.†
edifying = instructive
DefinitionGenerally edify means:
to instruct — morally or intellectually
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.33
Web Links
expiate
2 uses
And From Conscience Of Deserving To Be Hated To have done more hurt to a man, than he can, or is willing to expiate, enclineth the doer to hate the sufferer.†
expiate = atone (demonstrate sorrow for a wrong either by doing something good to make up for the wrong, or accepting punishment)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.11
Web Links
fallacious
2 uses
Which kind of thoughts, is called Foresight, and Prudence, or Providence; and sometimes Wisdome; though such conjecture, through the difficulty of observing all circumstances, be very fallacious.†
fallacious = not correct
DefinitionGenerally fallacious means:
not correct
  • typically describing something as mistaken due to incorrect information or belief
  • sometimes describing something as an intentional lie
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.3
Web Links
iniquity
9 uses
It is true that they that have Soveraigne power, may commit Iniquity; but not Injustice, or Injury in the proper signification.†
iniquity = immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.41
Web Links
parsimonious
2 uses
Pusillanimity, Parsimony, Fear, Diffidence, are Dishonourable.†
parsimony = extreme reluctance to spend money or use resources
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.6
Web Links
perfidy
3 uses
So that before the time of Civill Society, or in the interruption thereof by Warre, there is nothing can strengthen a Covenant of Peace agreed on, against the temptations of Avarice, Ambition, Lust, or other strong desire, but the feare of that Invisible Power, which they every one Worship as God; and Feare as a Revenger of their perfidy.†
perfidy = an act of deliberate betrayal; or such behavior
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.19
Web Links
timorous
4 uses
But he that inrowleth himselfe a Souldier, or taketh imprest mony, taketh away the excuse of a timorous nature; and is obliged, not onely to go to the battell, but also not to run from it, without his Captaines leave.†
timorous = timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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