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Jude the Obscure

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abnegate
1 use
The monk practices self-abnegation.
abnegation = voluntarily giving something up (in this case, luxuries)

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally abnegate means:
to renounce or reject
The exact meaning of abnegate can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "to abnegate his responsibilities as a father" — to reject or ignore a duty
  • "to practice self-abnegation" — to deny oneself (voluntarily give something up such as a luxury)
  • "to abnegate her faith" — to reject a belief
  • "to abnegate her legal rights" — to give up a claim, title, or position of power
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antagonism
2 uses
There is skepticism, if not antagonism, between the two groups.
antagonism = hostility
DefinitionGenerally antagonism means:
hostility, opposition, or tension between opposing forces or ideas
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antecedent
1 use
Student motivation as an antecedent to accelerated education.
antecedent = something that necessarily precedes something else
DefinitionGenerally antecedent means:
something that happened previous to something else; or anything that precedes something
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arable
1 use
China has almost 20% of the world's population, but has only 7% of its arable land.
arable = capable of being farmed productively
DefinitionGenerally arable means:
of land:  capable of being farmed productively
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askance
1 use
He looked askance at the offer.
askance = with disapproval, distrust, or suspicion
DefinitionGenerally askance means:
with disapproval, distrust, or suspicion

or:

directed to one side — especially a sideways glance
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capacious
1 use
She carries a capacious bag.
capacious = very large
DefinitionGenerally capacious means:
large in capacity
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carouse
1 use
They were out carousing last night.
carousing = having fun in a noisy manner while drinking alcohol
DefinitionGenerally carouse means:
having fun with others in a noisy manner while drinking alcohol
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circuitous
1 use
It's a long and circuitous journey up the mountain road.
circuitous = indirect (winding rather than straight)
DefinitionGenerally circuitous means:
indirect — while traveling somewhere, or in saying or doing something
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circumscribe
1 use
I will not let their expectations circumscribe how I live my life.
circumscribe = restrict  the boundaries of
DefinitionGenerally circumscribe means:
to restrict something within set limits; or draw a circle around or surround
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compunction
1 use
While most developed nations recognize the embargo, China ignores it without compunction.
compunction = a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
DefinitionGenerally compunction means:
guilt for a misdeed; or a feeling that it would be wrong to do something
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contiguous
3 uses
Texas is the largest of the contiguous 48 states.
contiguous = sharing boundaries
DefinitionGenerally contiguous means:
with a common boundary; or very close in space or time
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convivial
2 uses
They have convivial gatherings the second Tuesday of each month.
convivial = friendly and fun
DefinitionGenerally convivial means:
friendly and fun — especially (when of a person) fond of the pleasures of good company
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corporeal
1 use
Her time of corporeal suffering will soon pass.
corporeal = regarding the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
DefinitionGenerally corporeal means:
having material or physical form or substance

or:

regarding the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
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denizen
2 uses
The book has photographs of deep sea creatures, and is called "Denizens of the Deep."
denizens = animals that inhabit a particular place
DefinitionGenerally denizen means:
a person or animal that inhabits or frequently visits a particular place
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epitaph
2 uses
John Belushi's epitaph reads, "I may be gone, but Rock and Roll lives on."
epitaph = text written on his tombstone
DefinitionGenerally epitaph means:
a short text in memory of a dead person — especially text written on a tombstone
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forgo   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use
You will have to forgo alcohol.
forgo = do without
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2  —1 use as in:
a foregone conclusion
It is a foregone conclusion.
foregone conclusion = a conclusion that is certain to be reached
DefinitionGenerally this sense of foregone means:
done in the past
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pathos
2 uses
The novel triumphs with humor and pathos.
pathos = a quality that arouses pity or sorrow
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supercilious
2 uses
I have come to hate her supercilious smile.
supercilious = arrogant
DefinitionGenerally supercilious means:
arrogant (acting as if better, more important, and superior in ideas than others)
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temerity
2 uses
She had the temerity to oppose the popular proposal.
temerity = confidence or courage
DefinitionGenerally temerity means:
boldness — typically to say something others consider rude or upsetting
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