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Jude the Obscure
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abnegate
1 use
The monk practices self-abnegation.
abnegation = voluntarily giving something up (in this case, luxuries)
DefinitionGenerally abnegate means:
to renounce or reject in various senses, such as:
  • "to abnegate his responsibilities as a father" — to reject or ignore a duty
  • "to practice self-abnegation" — to deny oneself (voluntarily give something up such as a luxury)
  • "to abnegate her faith" — to reject a belief
  • "to abnegate her legal rights" — to give up a claim, title, or position of power
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aggrandize
1 use
They made up the story to aggrandize the threat.
aggrandize = make greater in size, scope, or reputation
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agnostic
1 use
He's agnostic — about the existence of God and the proof of any non-physical belief.
agnostic = someone who is doubtful or noncommittal about something — especially belief in God
DefinitionGenerally agnostic means:
a person who believes they lack true knowledge about the existence of God (but believes that God might exist)

or more rarely:  someone who is doubtful or noncommittal about something
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alacrity
2 uses
She completed each assignment with alacrity.
alacrity = quickness; and/or cheerful eagerness
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antipathy
3 uses
Cooperation is fueled by a shared antipathy toward Iran.
antipathy = strong dislike
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certitude
2 uses
Her certitude has given way to doubt.
certitude = certainty
DefinitionGenerally certitude means:
total certainty or (more rarely) something that is certain to happen
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chronological
1 use
Events are listed in chronological order.
chronological = arranged according to time
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contiguous
3 uses
Texas is the largest of the contiguous 48 states.
contiguous = sharing boundaries
DefinitionGenerally contiguous means:
with a common boundary or very close
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convivial
2 uses
They have convivial gatherings the second Tuesday of each month.
convivial = friendly and fun
DefinitionGenerally convivial means:
friendly and fun — especially (when of a person) fond of the pleasures of good company
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denizen
2 uses
The book has photographs of deep sea creatures, and is called "Denizens of the Deep."
denizens = animals that inhabit a particular place
DefinitionGenerally denizen means:
a person or animal that inhabits or frequently visits a particular place
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fervid
2 uses
She is fervid in her support for the candidate.
fervid = characterized by intense emotion
DefinitionGenerally fervid means:
intensely passionate

or more rarely:

extremely hot
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gratuitous
2 uses
She is known for distributing gratuitous insults.
gratuitous = unnecessary and unwarranted
DefinitionGenerally gratuitous means:
unnecessary and unwarranted

or less commonly (except where it is common in the legal field):  costing nothing
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incipient
2 uses
She dealt with her problem with alcohol while it was still in an incipient state.
incipient = beginning to come into existence
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inquest
3 uses
The coroner's inquest ruled the death a homicide.
inquest = formal inquiry or investigation
DefinitionGenerally inquest means:
a formal inquiry or investigation — typically into the cause of an unexpected death or other undesirable event
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laconic
3 uses
I need more than the book and my teacher's laconic answers to understand this material.
laconic = using few words
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pathos
2 uses
The film captured all the pathos of their situation and brought tears to my eyes.
pathos = a quality that arouses pity or sorrow
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supercilious
2 uses
I have come to hate her supercilious smile.
supercilious = arrogant
DefinitionGenerally supercilious means:
arrogant (acting as if better, more important, and superior in ideas than others)
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supersede
3 uses
Engineers used slide rules before they were superseded by calculators.
superseded = replaced
DefinitionGenerally supersede means:
take the place of — especially replacing something old or inferior

or:

to cause to be set aside
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temerity
2 uses
She had the temerity to oppose the popular proposal.
temerity = confidence or courage
DefinitionGenerally temerity means:
confidence or courage — especially when disregarding societal norms
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vicissitudes
2 uses
the project was subject to the usual vicissitudes of exploratory research
vicissitudes = changes — especially unanticipated difficulties
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