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The Iliad by Homer - (translated by: Butler)
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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aloof
21 uses
I should hold aloof from battle on any day rather than this, for my mother bore me with nothing of the coward about me.†
aloof = socially distant as though superior; or obviously uninterested in something that interests others
DefinitionGenerally aloof means:
socially distant — often thinking oneself superior to others

or:

obviously uninterested in something that interests others — often as though thinking it beneath one's dignity or distasteful
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
beseech
24 uses
Keep this before your mind night and day, and beseech the captains of your allies to hold on without flinching, and thus put away their reproaches from you.†
beseech = to ask strongly or beg for something
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 15
Web Links
bronze
126 uses
Your tents are filled with bronze and with fair women, for whenever we take a town we give you the pick of them.†
bronze = a reddish brown metal that is made of copper and (usually) tin

or:

the reddish-brown color of the metal (such as a bronze tan)

or:

something made of the alloy — such as a sculpture
Word Statistics
Book126 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
comely
16 uses
He was the son of Aeolus, and had a son named Glaucus, who was father to Bellerophon, whom heaven endowed with the most surpassing comeliness and beauty.†
comeliness = attractiveness
DefinitionGenerally comely means:
attractive — especially of a woman
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 6
Web Links
covenant
18 uses
Where are our covenants now, and where the oaths that we have taken?†
covenants = binding agreements
DefinitionGenerally covenant means:
a binding agreement
Word Statistics
Book18 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
deemed
29 uses
Even thus was Menelaus glad when his eyes caught sight of Alexandrus, for he deemed that now he should be revenged.†
deemed = believed or judged
Word Statistics
Book29 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
discord
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
discord amongst the group
...the Trojans held a council, angry and full of discord,
discord = conflict or disagreement
DefinitionGenerally this sense of discord means:
conflict or disagreement — especially among those expected to cooperate

or (especially in the form "discordant"):

seeming different  or wrong along with everything else
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 7
Web Links
establish
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
I have three daughters, Chrysothemis, Laodice, and Iphianassa, let him take the one of his choice, freely and without gifts of wooing, to the house of Peleus; I will add such dower to boot as no man ever yet gave his daughter, and will give him seven well established cities, Cardamyle, Enope, and Hire, where there is grass; holy Pherae and the rich meadows of Anthea; Aepea also, and the vine-clad slopes of Pedasus, all near the sea, and on the borders of sandy Pylos.†
established = settled
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useBook 9
Web Links
forthwith
40 uses
Seeing, then, that such a fearful portent had broken in upon our hecatombs, Calchas forthwith declared to us the oracles of heaven.†
forthwith = immediately
DefinitionGenerally forthwith means:
immediately — (most typically seen in legal documents, formal use, or classic literature)
Word Statistics
Book40 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
heed
27 uses
Thus did he speak, and Agamemnon heeded his words.†
heeded = paid close attention to; or did what was suggested
DefinitionGenerally heed means:
pay close attention to; or to do what is suggested — especially with regard to a warning or other advice
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
moreover
57 uses
Moreover I have been the familiar friend of men even greater than you are, and they did not disregard my counsels.†
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book57 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 1
Web Links
mortal
14 uses
1  —14 uses as in:
mortal body
We gods are continually suffering in the most cruel manner at one another's hands while helping mortals; and we all owe you a grudge for having begotten that mad termagant of a daughter, who is always committing outrage of some kind.†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
perish
37 uses
We know how great your power is, nevertheless we have compassion upon the Danaan warriors who are perishing and coming to a bad end.†
perishing = dying or being destroyed; or extremely cold
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book37 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 8
Web Links
portent
7 uses
Seeing, then, that such a fearful portent had broken in upon our hecatombs, Calchas forthwith declared to us the oracles of heaven.†
portent = a sign of something about to happen
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
pyre
21 uses
First he smote their mules and their hounds, but presently he aimed his shafts at the people themselves, and all day long the pyres of the dead were burning.†
pyres = piles of wood or other burnable materials
DefinitionGenerally pyre means:
a pile of wood or other burnable material — especially to burn a dead body as in a funeral rite
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
rebuke
26 uses
Thus railed Thersites, but Ulysses at once went up to him and rebuked him sternly.†
rebuked = criticized severely
DefinitionGenerally rebuke means:
criticize severely; or such criticism
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
valor
25 uses
Therefore let us acquit ourselves with valour.†
valour = exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger — especially in battle
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 8
Web Links
wield
24 uses
The wielding of the spear I leave to those who are younger and stronger than myself.†
wielding = using (something had)
DefinitionGenerally wield means:
to have or use — such as
  • to wield an ax — to hold or use an ax (especially to handle it well)
  • to wield power or influence — to have or exercise power or influence
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 9 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
will yield valuable data
When he had thus spoken they charged full weight upon the Danaans with their spears held out before them, and the hopes of each ran high that he should force Ajax son of Telamon to yield up the body—fools that they were, for he was about to take the lives of many.†
yield up = produce or show
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 1
Web Links
2  —7 uses as in:
yield to pressure
Great Ajax son of Telamon will yield to no man who is in mortal mould and eats the grain of Ceres, if bronze and great stones can overthrow him.†
yield = give in, give way, or give up
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
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