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The Iliad by Homer - (translated by: Butler)
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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Agamemnon
201 uses
With these words he sat down, and Agamemnon rose in anger.†
Agamemnon = Greek mythology:  the king who lead the Greeks against Troy in the Trojan War
Word Statistics
Book201 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
askance
3 uses
Better so, than live to be disgraced and looked askance at.†
askance = with disapproval or distrust; or directed to one side
DefinitionGenerally askance means:
with disapproval, distrust, or suspicion

or:

directed to one side — especially a sideways glance
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
chattel
2 uses
There were many to whom the Epeans owed chattels, for we men of Pylus were few and had been oppressed with wrong; in former years Hercules had come, and had laid his hand heavy upon us, so that all our best men had perished.†
chattels = things that are tangible and owned
DefinitionGenerally chattel means:
owned property (in law, tangible property other than real estate)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
compunction
1 use
Then Sleep answered, "Juno, great queen of goddesses, daughter of mighty Saturn, I would lull any other of the gods to sleep without compunction, not even excepting the waters of Oceanus from whom all of them proceed, but I dare not go near Jove, nor send him to sleep unless he bids me.†
compunction = guilt for a misdeed; or a feeling that it would be wrong to do something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 14
Web Links
desist
1 use
Now, therefore, let us all do as I say; let us bring down the ships that are on the beach and draw them into the water; let us make them fast to their mooring-stones a little way out, against the fall of night—if even by night the Trojans will desist from fighting; we may then draw down the rest of the fleet.†
desist = to not do something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 14
Web Links
efface
1 use
Surely when the Achaeans have gone home with their ships, you can shatter their wall and fling it into the sea; you can cover the beach with sand again, and the great wall of the Achaeans will then be utterly effaced.†
effaced = remove completely from recognition or memory — sometimes by erasing

or:

to make oneself inconspicuous or unimportant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 7
Web Links
effrontery
1 use
Tell him all as I now bid you, and tell him in public that the Achaeans may hate him and beware of him should he think that he can yet dupe others for his effrontery never fails him.†
effrontery = rude and disrespectful behavior
DefinitionGenerally effrontery means:
rude and disrespectful behavior — often made by someone who does not realize they are being rude — as when someone is presumptuous or impolitely bold
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
eschew
1 use
Eschew vain quarrelling, and the Achaeans old and young will respect you more for doing so.'†
eschew = avoid and stay away from deliberately
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
foreshadow
1 use
And Hector spoke thus:— "Hear me, Trojans and Achaeans, that I may speak even as I am minded; Jove on his high throne has brought our oaths and covenants to nothing, and foreshadows ill for both of us, till you either take the towers of Troy, or are yourselves vanquished at your ships.†
foreshadows = is a sign of
DefinitionGenerally foreshadow means:
to be a sign of future events
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 7
Web Links
fraught
5 uses
Then he opened the lid of his quiver and took out a winged arrow that had not yet been shot, fraught with the pangs of death.†
fraught = full of negative things
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
gambol
1 use
As he went his way over the waves the sea-monsters left their lairs, for they knew their lord, and came gambolling round him from every quarter of the deep, while the sea in her gladness opened a path before his chariot.†
gambolling = frolicking (skipping, leaping, and/or running around in a happy, playful manner)
DefinitionGenerally gambol means:
to frolic (skip, leap, and/or run around in a happy, playful manner)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 13
Web Links
harbinger
1 use
AND now as Dawn rose from her couch beside Tithonus, harbinger of light alike to mortals and immortals, Jove sent fierce Discord with the ensign of war in her hands to the ships of the Achaeans.†
harbinger = an indication of the approach of something
DefinitionGenerally harbinger means:
an indication of the approach of something — especially something bad
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
ignoble
1 use
You must yourselves have heard whether these things are true or no; therefore when I say well despise not my words as though I were a coward or of ignoble birth.†
ignoble = completely lacking nobility in character, quality or purpose
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 14
Web Links
iniquity
1 use
"If," said Agamemnon, "you are sons of Antimachus, who once at a council of Trojans proposed that Menelaus and Ulysses, who had come to you as envoys, should be killed and not suffered to return, you shall now pay for the foul iniquity of your father."†
iniquity = immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
noisome
1 use
I will find means to protect him from the swarms of noisome flies that prey on the bodies of men who have been killed in battle.†
noisome = causing or able to cause nausea — especially from odor

or:

harmful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 19
Web Links
portentous
3 uses
But all the time Jove boded them ill and roared with his portentous thunder.†
portentous = very important; or indicating something important in the future

or:

acting overly important or serious
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 7
Web Links
remiss
6 uses
But you are careless and wilfully remiss.†
remiss = careless — especially with regard to a duty
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 6
Web Links
trifle with   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
trifle with her affections
When the old man saw him he sprang from his seat, seized his hand, led him into the tent, and bade him take his place among them; but Patroclus stood where he was and said, "Noble sir, I may not stay, you cannot persuade me to come in; he that sent me is not one to be trifled with, and he bade me ask who the wounded man was whom you were bearing away from the field.†
trifled with = treated thoughtlessly or without respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle with means:
to treat somebody or something thoughtlessly or without respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
a trifling matter
Let us now set battle in array; it is not well to tarry talking about trifles, for there is a deed which is as yet to do.†
trifles = things of small importance
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifling means:
something of small importance; or a small quantity
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 19
Web Links
whet
4 uses
Whet well your spears; see well to the ordering of your shields; give good feeds to your horses, and look your chariots carefully over, that we may do battle the livelong day; for we shall have no rest, not for a moment, till night falls to part us.†
whet = to increase a sense or desire

or more rarely:  to sharpen a knife or other cutting edge
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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