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The Iliad by Homer - (translated by: Edward)

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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Achilles
5 uses
THE BATTLE OF THE GODS, AND THE ACTS OF ACHILLES.†
Achilles = mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; central character and foremost Greek warrior at the siege of Troy
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
aloof
25 uses
Juno and Pallas only sat aloof; No word they utter'd, no enquiry made.†
aloof = socially distant or uninterested
DefinitionGenerally aloof means:
socially distant or uninterested in something that interests others — often thinking oneself superior to others
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
attribute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
I attribute it to...
Achilles calls a council, and encourages Calchas to declare the cause of it, who attributes it to the refusal of Chryseis.†
attributes = credits (a source for something)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
to credit (a source for something)
in two typical senses:
  • "I attribute it to her work." — to say who or what made something happen
  • "Remember to attribute any quotations in your paper." — indicate the source of a quotation or idea
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
daunt
43 uses
From far Ascania's lake, with Phorcys join'd, The godlike presence of Ascanius brought The Phrygians, dauntless in the standing fight.†
dauntless = never discouraged or intimidated

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-less" in dauntless means without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearless, homeless, and endless.)
DefinitionGenerally daunt means:
to discourage or intimidate
Word Statistics
Book43 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
defer
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
deferred the decision
death be long deferr'd
deferr'd = postponed (or put off)

(editor's note: This is more commonly spelled deferred.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
delay or postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.9
Web Links
discord
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
discord amongst the group
Again the name of war and discord fierce,
discord = conflict and disagreement
DefinitionGenerally this sense of discord means:
conflict or disagreement — especially among those expected to cooperate

or (especially in the form discordant):

seeming different  or wrong along with everything else
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.4
Web Links
frayed
40 uses
1  —40 uses as in:
into the fray
The slain they drew within the Grecian lines, Placed in their comrades' hands, and turning back Amid the foremost mingled in the fray.†
the fray = the fight or struggle
DefinitionGenerally this sense of fray means:
a noisy fight, controversial debate, or other exciting situation that usually is not well organized
Word Statistics
Book40 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
haughty
29 uses
Then through the ranks assenting murmurs ran, The priest to rev'rence, and the ransom take: Not so Atrides; he, with haughty mien And bitter words, the trembling sire dismiss'd.†
haughty = arrogant
DefinitionGenerally haughty means:
arrogant or condescending (acting superior or self-important)
Word Statistics
Book29 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
Jupiter
1 use
JUNO DECEIVES JUPITER BY THE GIRDLE OF VENUS.†
Jupiter = Roman mythology:  the most supreme of the gods
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.13
Web Links
mortal
23 uses
1  —23 uses as in:
mortal body
Avenge my hapless son, Of mortals shortest-liv'd, insulted now By mighty Agamemnon, King of men, And plunder'd of his lawful spoils of war.†
mortals = humans (especially merely humans) or people subject to death
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mortal means:
human (especially merely human); or subject to death
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
perish
16 uses
Insatiate Mars his son Isander slew In battle with the valiant Solymi: His daughter perish'd by Diana's wrath.†
perish'd = died, was destroyed, or ceased to exist
DefinitionGenerally perish means:
to die — especially in an unnatural way

or:

to be destroyed or cease to exist
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1.6
Web Links
prudent
19 uses
He left the wall, and stood above the ditch, But from the Greeks apart, rememb'ring well His mother's prudent counsel; there he stood, And shouted loudly; Pallas join'd her voice, And fill'd with terror all the Trojan host.†
prudent = sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book19 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
reproach
25 uses
Would thou hadst ne'er been born, or died at least Unwedded; so 'twere better far for all, Than thus to live a scandal and reproach.†
reproach = a criticism; or to express criticism
DefinitionGenerally reproach means:
a criticism; or to express criticism — especially where a relationship makes the disapproval result in disappointment or shame
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 1.4
Web Links
scorn
23 uses
'Twere foul disgrace indeed, and scorn on scorn, If Hector's challenge none of all the Greeks Should dare accept; to dust and water turn All ye who here inglorious, heartless sit!†
scorn = disrespect or reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
subdue
5 uses
1  —5 uses
verb as in: subdued the opposition
...flying they may fall Beside Achilles' ships; his comrade then, Patroclus, he shall send to battle forth To be by Hector slain, in front of Troy; Yet not to fall till many valiant youths Have felt his prowess; and, amid the rest, My son, Sarpedon; by his comrade's death Enrag'd, Achilles Hector shall subdue; Thenceforth my counsel is, that from the ships The Trojan force shall still be backward driv'n, Until at length, by Pallas' deep designs, The Greeks possess the lofty walls of Troy.†
subdue = control or put down by force or intimidation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subdue means:
to control, prevent, or make less intense — sometimes through force
The exact meaning of subdue depends upon its context. For example:
  • "subdued a nation" — defeated militarily and brought under control
  • "subdued the fever" — made it less intense or defeated it
  • "subdued her enthusiasm" — made it less intense
  • "subdued her fears" — made them less intense or overcame them
  • "subdued my emotions" — kept them under control
  • "subdued the crowd" — quieted or controlled it
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.13
Web Links
valor
23 uses
On thee the deep-designing Saturn's son In diff'ring measure hath his gifts bestow'd: A throne he gives thee, higher far than all; But valour, noblest boon of Heav'n, denies.†
valour = exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger — especially in battle

(editor's note:  This is a British spelling. Americans use valor.)
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.4
Web Links
Venus
1 use
JUNO DECEIVES JUPITER BY THE GIRDLE OF VENUS.†
Venus = Roman mythology:  goddess of love
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.13
Web Links
Vulcan
1 use
THE GRIEF OF ACHILLES, AND NEW ARMOUR MADE HIM BY VULCAN.†
Vulcan = Roman mythology:  god of fire and metal working
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.17
Web Links
wrath
100 uses
Atrides, curb thy wrath! while I beseech Achilles to forbear; in whom the Greeks From adverse war their great defender see.†
wrath = extreme anger
DefinitionGenerally wrath means:
extreme anger or angry punishment
Word Statistics
Book100 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.9
Web Links
yield
22 uses
1  —22 uses as in:
yield to pressure
I yield, but with indignant sense of wrong.†
yield = give up (surrender), or give in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book22 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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