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The Iliad by Homer - (translated by: Edward)

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
alacrity
1 use
They had lately manifested themselves in the alacrity with which the whole army had caught at the insidious suggestion of abandoning the war; and, just before the second assembly, Thersites avails himself of the general feeling, constituting himself the representative of a popular grievance, to vent his personal spite against Agamemnon.†
alacrity = quickness; and/or cheerful eagerness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useFoot
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allay
4 uses
She said; and wip'd the ichor from, the wound; he hand was heal'd, the grievous pains allay'd.†
allay'd = reduced the intensity of or calmed
DefinitionGenerally allay means:
reduce the intensity of or calm
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.15
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arbiter
2 uses
But fell Achilles all your aid commands; Of mind unrighteous, and inflexible His stubborn heart; his thoughts are all of blood; E'en as a lion, whom his mighty strength And dauntless courage lead to leap the fold, And 'mid the trembling flocks to seize his prey; E'en so Achilles hath discarded ruth, And conscience, arbiter of good and ill.†
arbiter = someone who settles disputes
DefinitionGenerally arbiter means:
someone who settles disputes — often because of reputation

or:

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.17
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beguile
1 use
...busied in the glory-giving strife, Her husband's brother and her own she saw, Saw, and rejoic'd; next, seated on the crest Of spring-abounding Ida, Jove she saw, Sight hateful in her eyes! then ponder'd deep The stag-ey'd Queen, how best she might beguile The wakeful mind of aegis-bearing Jove; And, musing, this appear'd the readiest mode: Herself with art adorning, to repair To Ida; there, with fondest blandishment And female charm, her husband to enfold In love's embrace; and gentle,...†
beguile = to charm, enchant, or entertain someone; or to deceive — especially through charm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.14
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capacious
1 use
First, for the contest of the flying cars The prizes he display'd: a woman fair, Well skill'd in household cares; a tripod vast, Two-handled, two and twenty measures round; These both were for the victor: for the next, A mare, unbroken, six years old, in foal Of a mule colt; the third, a caldron bright, Capacious of four measures, white and pure, By fire as yet untarnish'd; for the fourth, Of gold two talents; for the fifth, a vase With double cup, untouch'd by fire, he gave.†
capacious = large in capacity
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.23
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contentious
1 use
Nor does my portion ever equal thine, When on some populous town our troops have made Successful war; in the contentious fight The larger portion of the toil is mine; But when the day of distribution comes, Thine is the richest spoil; while I, forsooth, Must be too well content to bear on board Some paltry prize for all my warlike toil.†
contentious = causing or likely to cause disagreement; or argumentative
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
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copious
3 uses
As when, descending from the mountain's brow, Two wintry torrents, from their copious source Pour downward to the narrow pass, where meet Their mingled waters in some deep ravine, Their weight of flood; on the far mountain's side The shepherd hears the roar; so loud arose The shouts and yells of those commingling hosts.†
copious = abundant (large in quantity or number)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.4
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craven
1 use
Though ev'ry Trojan else were doom'd to die Beside the ships, no fear lest thou shouldst fall: Unwarlike is thy soul, nor firm of mood: But if thou shrink, or by thy craven words Turn back another Trojan from the fight, My spear shall take the forfeit of thy life."†
craven = exceedingly cowardly; or someone who is exceedingly cowardly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.12
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denizen
1 use
Loud were his moans; his Goddess-mother heard, Beside her aged father where she sat In the deep ocean caves; she heard, and wept: The Nereids all, in ocean's depths who dwell, Encircled her around; Cymodoce, [5] Nesaee, Spio, and Cymothoe, The stag-ey'd Halia, and Amphithoe, Actaea, Limnorea, Melite, Doris, and Galatea, Panope; There too were Oreithyia, Clymene, And Amathea with the golden hair, And all the denizens of ocean's depths.†
denizens = people or animals that inhabit or frequently visit a particular place
DefinitionGenerally denizen means:
a person or animal that inhabits or frequently visits a particular place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.18
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diffident
1 use
It has afforded me, in the intervals of more urgent business, an unfailing, and constantly increasing source of interest; and it is not without a feeling of regret at the completion of my task, and a sincere diffidence as to its success, that I venture to submit the result of my labour to the ordeal of public criticism.†
diffidence = hesitancy and unassertiveness due to a lack of self-confidence
DefinitionGenerally diffident means:
hesitant and unassertive — often due to a lack of self-confidence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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dissonance
1 use
WHEN by their sev'ral chiefs the troops were rang'd, With noise and clamour, as a flight of birds, The men of Troy advanc'd; as when the cranes, Flying the wintry storms, send forth on high Their dissonant clamours, while o'er the ocean stream They steer their course, and on their pinions bear Battle and death to the Pygmaean race.†
dissonant = not going well together or conflicting
DefinitionGenerally dissonance means:
not going well together; or conflict
especially in these two senses:
  • unpleasant musical sound
  • inconsistency or conflict between beliefs and actions such as voluntarily taking actions that conflict with beliefs, or holding two conflicting beliefs (also called "cognitive dissonance")
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.3
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interpose
5 uses
Mars! thou bane of mortals, blood-stain'd Lord, Razer of cities, wer't not well thyself To interpose, and from the battle-field Withdraw this chief, Tydides? such his pride, He now would dare with Jove himself to fight.†
interpose = insert between other elements; or to interrupt or stop action by others
DefinitionGenerally interpose means:
to insert between other elements; or to interrupt or stop action by others
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useFoot
Web Links
perfidy
1 use
Of that bloodthirsty and perfidious man, If thou within the sight and reach shalt come, No pity will he feel, no rev'rence show: Rather remain we here apart and mourn; For him, when at his birth his thread of life Was spun by fate, 'twas destin'd that afar From home and parents, he should glut the maw Of rav'ning dogs, by that stern warrior's tent, Whose inmost heart I would I could devour: Such for my son were adequate revenge, Whom not in ignominious flight he slew; But standing,...†
perfidious = not trustworthy (prone to intentional betrayal)
DefinitionGenerally perfidy means:
an act of deliberate betrayal; or such behavior
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.24
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pernicious
3 uses
The other Gods, who on Olympus dwell, Are all to thee obedient and submiss; But thy pernicious daughter, nor by word Nor deed dost thou restrain; who now excites Th' o'erbearing son of Tydeus, Diomed, Upon th' immortal Gods to vent his rage.†
pernicious = harmful or something spreading harm — especially in a gradual or subtle way
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.5
Web Links
presage
1 use
Him by the high-beak'd ships he found, his mind Th' event presaging, fill'd with anxious thoughts, As thus he commun'd with his mighty heart: "Alas! what means it, that the long-hair'd Greeks, Chas'd from the plain, are thronging round the ships?†
presaging = serving as a sign of something about to happen
DefinitionGenerally presage means:
serve as a sign of something about to happen — typically something bad
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.18
Web Links
remiss
3 uses
But whom remiss and shrinking from the war He found, with keen rebuke lie thus assail'd; "Ye wretched Greeks, your country's foul reproach, Have ye no sense of shame?†
remiss = careless — especially with regard to a duty
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.13
Web Links
sagacious
1 use
First Panthous' son, the sage Polydamas, Address'd th' assembly; his sagacious mind Alone beheld the future and the past; The friend of Hector, born the selfsame night; One in debate, the other best in arms; Who thus with prudent speech began, and said: "Be well advis'd, my friends! my counsel is That we regain the city, nor the morn Here in the plain, beside the ships, await, So far remov'd from our protecting walls.†
sagacious = wise
DefinitionGenerally sagacious means:
wise — especially through long experience and thoughtfulness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.18
Web Links
simile
1 use
...line for line and couplet for couplet naturally suggests itself, and in which it is sometimes difficult to avoid an involuntary rhyme; but the blank verse appears to me the only metre capable of adapting itself to all the gradations, if I may use the term, of the Homeric style; from the finished poetry of the numerous similes, in which every touch is nature, and nothing is overcoloured or exaggerated, down to the simple, almost homely, style of some portions of the narrative.†
similes = expressions that highlight similarity between things of different kinds
DefinitionGenerally simile means:
a phrase that highlights similarity between things of different kinds — usually formed with "like" or "as"

as in "It's like looking for a needle in a haystack," or "She is as quiet as a mouse."
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePref.
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timorous
1 use
Thus they from panic flight, like timorous fawns.†
timorous = timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.22
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whet
2 uses
As when a boar, by dogs and stalwart youths Attack'd, the shelt'ring thicket leaves, and whets The tusks that gleam between his curved jaws; They crowd around, though ring his clatt'ring tusks, And, fearful though it be, await his rush: So crowded round Ulysses, dear to Jove, The Trojans; he, with brandish'd spear aloft, Sprang forth, and through the shoulder, from above, Deiopites wounded: Thoon next He slew, and Ennomus; then with his spear Chersidamas, in act to quit his car, Thrust...†
whets = increases a desire
DefinitionGenerally whet means:
to increase a sense or desire

or more rarely:  to sharpen a knife or other cutting edge
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11
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