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The Iliad by Homer (translated by: Lang, Leaf, & Myers)

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
aloof
12 uses
Then he sate him aloof from the ships, and let an arrow fly; and there was heard a dread clanging of the silver bow.†
aloof = socially distant or uninterested
DefinitionGenerally aloof means:
socially distant or uninterested in something that interests others — often thinking oneself superior to others
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
askance
2 uses
Yea, that were my desire, and it were far better than thus to be our shame and looked at askance of all men.†
askance = with disapproval or distrust; or directed to one side
DefinitionGenerally askance means:
with disapproval, distrust, or suspicion

or:

directed to one side — especially a sideways glance
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
beguile
11 uses
How Zeus beguiled Agamemnon by a dream; and of the assembly of the Achaians and their marching forth to battle.†
beguiled = deceived through charm or enchantment
DefinitionGenerally beguile means:
to charm, enchant, or entertain someone; or to deceive — especially through charm
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
bountiful
3 uses
For I am going to visit the limits of the bountiful Earth, and Okeanos, father of the gods, and mother Tethys, who reared me well and nourished me in their halls, having taken me from Rhea, when far-seeing Zeus imprisoned Kronos beneath the earth and the unvintaged sea.†
bountiful = given in abundance (a large amount); or an abundant (large) amount
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 6
Web Links
chattel
1 use
And he weighed and brought forth talents of gold ten in all, and two shining tripods and four caldrons, and a goblet exceeding fair that men of Thrace had given him when he went thither on an embassy, a chattel of great price, yet not that even did the old man grudge from his halls, for he was exceeding fain at heart to ransom his dear son.†
chattel = owned property
DefinitionGenerally chattel means:
owned property (in law, tangible property other than real estate)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 24
Web Links
chide
10 uses
So said he, and stalwart Diomedes made no answer, but had respect to the chiding of the king revered.†
chiding = scolding or criticizing
DefinitionGenerally chide means:
to tell someone they have done wrong — sometimes in a gentle way to encourage better behavior
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
cleave   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 5 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
cleave through
Now Patroklos when he had cloven the nearest companies, drave them backward again to the ships, nor suffered them to approach the city, despite their desire, but between the ships, and the river, and the lofty wall, he rushed on them, and slew them, and avenged many a comrade slain.†
cloven = split (or divided in two)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of cleave means:
to split something — especially with violent force

or:

to cut through something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 16
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
cleave to
Yet the bronze-weighted ashen spear clave not the windpipe, so that he might yet speak words of answer to his foe.†
clave = held firmly
DefinitionGenerally this sense of cleave means:
to hold firmly to something — such as an object, a person or idea
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 20
Web Links
craven
2 uses
I care not, more than if a woman had struck me or a senseless boy, for feeble is the dart of a craven man and a worthless.†
craven = exceedingly cowardly; or someone who is exceedingly cowardly
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 11
Web Links
eschew
1 use
Eschew thy grievous wrath; Agamemnon offereth thee worthy gifts, so thou wilt cease from anger.†
eschew = avoid and stay away from deliberately
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 9
Web Links
expound
1 use
But the folk were gathered in the assembly place; for there a strife was arisen, two men striving about the blood-price of a man slain; the one claimed to pay full atonement, expounding to the people, but the other denied him and would take naught.†
expounding = explaining or discussing in detail
DefinitionGenerally expound means:
explain or discuss in detail
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 18
Web Links
harangue
17 uses
Such was Tydeus of Aitolia; but he begat a son that in battle is worse than he; only in harangue is he the better.†
harangue = to try to persuade, or to criticize in an impassioned and often annoying manner; or a speech with such an intent
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
iniquity
3 uses
With thee are we all at variance, because thou didst beget that reckless maiden and baleful, whose thought is ever of iniquitous deeds.†
iniquitous = immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
nimble
9 uses
Neither lingered Paris long in his lofty house, but clothed on him his brave armour, bedight with bronze, and hasted through the city, trusting to his nimble feet.†
nimble = quick and agile
DefinitionGenerally nimble means:
quick and agile  — typically physically, but can also reference quick, agile thinking

(someone who is agile does things easily)
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
omen
13 uses
Still even on the Tydeus brought shameful death; he slew them all, save one that he sent home alone; Maion to wit he sent away in obedience to the omens of heaven.†
omens = signs of what will happen in the future
DefinitionGenerally omen means:
a sign of something about to happen
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
preeminent
2 uses
And thirdly the old man say Aias, and asked: "Who then is this other Achaian warrior, goodly and great, preeminent among the Archives by the measure of his head and broad shoulders?"†
preeminent = outstanding or surpassing others in status, ability, or possession of a notable characteristic
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
remiss
3 uses
Ah, friends, soon shall ye make the mischief more through this remissness,—but let each man conceive shame in his heart, and indignation, for verily great is the strife that hath arisen.†
remissness = carelessness — especially with regard to a duty

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-ness" converts an adjective to a noun that means the quality of. This is the same pattern you see in words like darkness, kindness, and coolness.)
DefinitionGenerally remiss means:
careless — especially with regard to a duty
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 13
Web Links
ruinous
11 uses
But me have ruinous Fate and the son of Leto slain, and of men Euphorbos, but thou art the third in my slaying.†
ruinous = catastrophic or extremely harmful; or badly damaged or decayed (like ancient ruins)
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
satiate
5 uses
Fearless though he be and insatiate of turmoil, I ween that he shall be fain to rest his knees, if he escape from the fury of war and terrible fray.†
insatiate = not possible to satisfy

(Editor's note:  The prefix "in-" in insatiate means not and reverses the meaning of satiate. This is the same pattern you see in words like invisible, incomplete, and insecure.)
DefinitionGenerally satiate means:
to satisfy a hunger; or fill to satisfaction (typically said of hunger for food, but can be said of anything desired—such as of knowledge or sensual pleasure)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 5
Web Links
untoward
2 uses
Moreover, let the twain themselves be my witnesses before the face of the blessed gods and mortal men, yea and of him, that king untoward, against the day when there cometh need of me hereafter to save them all from shameful wreck.†
untoward = improper, awkward, or unfavorable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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