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Hiroshima

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
ambiguous
1 use
her role seemed to be ambiguous
ambiguous = unclear
DefinitionGenerally ambiguous means:
unclear — because there could be two or more interpretations
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
apparent
13 uses
Father Kleinsorge's apparently negligible but unhealed cuts
apparently = seemingly (appearing to be, but perhaps not really being)

(editor's note:  In this case, we will learn they were not negligible.)
DefinitionGenerally apparent means:
clear or obvious; or appearing as such but not necessarily so
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library66 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
atrophy
2 uses
Her ... thigh was atrophied by the deep incisions Dr. Sasaki had made.
atrophied = made weaker (and smaller)
DefinitionGenerally atrophy means:
to wither or weaken — especially from lack of use
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
colleague
8 uses
In dealing with the keloids, Dr. Sasaki and his colleagues were groping in the dark, because they had no reliable literature to guide them.
colleagues = fellow workers (in this case physicians)
DefinitionGenerally colleague means:
fellow worker — especially in a respected profession such as teaching, medicine, or law
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
conflagration
1 use
Seeing fire breaking out in a nearby ruin (except at the very center where the bomb itself ignited some fires, most of Hiroshima's city-wide conflagration was caused by inflammable wreckage falling on cook-stoves and live wires.)
conflagration = a large, violent, uncontrolled event — especially a fire
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
convivial
2 uses
At fifty he was healthy, convivial, and calm, and he was pleased to pass the evenings drinking whisky with friends, always sensibly and for the sake of conversation.
convivial = fond of the pleasures of good company
DefinitionGenerally convivial means:
friendly and fun — especially (when of a person) fond of the pleasures of good company
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
debilitate
2 uses
many people began to harbor parasites, which were not fatal in themselves but were seriously debilitating to those who had had radiation sickness.
debilitating = weakening
DefinitionGenerally debilitate means:
to weaken
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
efficacious
1 use
over the years it turned out ... that that most efficacious medicine for whatever ailed him would be cash or credit, the larger the dosage the better.
efficacious = effective in producing an intended effect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
establish
3 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
A comparative orderliness, at least, began to be established at the Red Cross Hospital.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
expiate
1 use
Two years earlier, a Quaker professor ... driven, apparently, by deep urges for expiation and reconciliation, had come to Hiroshima, assembled a team of carpenters, and, with his own hands and theirs, begun building a series of Japanese-style houses for victims of the bomb;
expiation = the desire to do something good to try to make up for a wrong

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally expiate means:
atone (demonstrate sorrow for a wrong either by doing something good to make up for the wrong, or accepting punishment)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
hedonist
1 use
being prosperous, hedonistic, and at the time not too busy, had been allowing himself the luxury of sleeping until nine or nine-thirty, but fortunately he had to get up early the morning the bomb was dropped to see a house guest off on a train.
hedonistic = someone most motivated by sensual pleasures
DefinitionGenerally hedonist means:
someone most motivated by pleasures — often sensual pleasures
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
indifferent
1 use
A surprising number of the people of Hiroshima remained more or less indifferent about the ethics of using the bomb.
indifferent = unconcerned (without interest)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
Hiroshima seemed more and more inevitably a target,
inevitably = certain to be
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library23 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
irony
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
situational irony
the government made no special provision for their [survivors of the atomic bombs] relief — until, ironically, after ... twenty-three crewmen of a fishing vessel, ... were irradiated by the American test of a hydrogen bomb at Bikini in 1954.
ironically = when what happens is very different than what might be expected
DefinitionGenerally this sense of irony means:
when what happens is very different than what might be expected; or when things are together that seem like they don't belong together — especially when amusing or an entertaining coincidence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
meticulous
1 use
his study was on the second floor, lined with bound books, which Shigeyuki eventually found to be volume after volume of meticulous copies he had made in medical school of course notes by a classmate named Iwamoto, who was brighter than he;
meticulous = careful and detailed
DefinitionGenerally meticulous means:
treating details with great care
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
philanthropy
1 use
...a man famous in Hiroshima for his showy philanthropies...
philanthropies = actions taken to help others — probably by donating money
DefinitionGenerally philanthropy means:
helping others — especially donating money to worthy causes; or an organization that does so
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
putrid
1 use
Her leg became discoloured, swollen, and putrid.
putrid = disgusting (beginning to rot with a foul odor)
DefinitionGenerally putrid means:
rotting (an advanced state of decomposition) with a foul odor; or anything that is disgusting
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
redolent
1 use
This home was redolent of new wood and clean matting.
redolent = having a strong pleasant odor

(editor's note:  More commonly, the word redolent is used to mean "serving to bring to mind", especially when it is a smell that brings something to mind.)
DefinitionGenerally redolent means:
reminiscent (serving to bring to mind)

or:

or smelling like something; or having a sweet fragrance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
torpid
1 use
He sat there, torpid, sweating, and tongue-tied, as, after the manner of the famous program, his life was sketchily reviewed.
torpid = slow or inactive
DefinitionGenerally torpid means:
of people:  slow or inactive — usually resulting from a lack of energy and interest

or:

of animals:  a condition of biological rest or suspended animation — (could be in the evening, during the cold, or as in a hibernated or dormant state all winter)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
zenith
1 use
these quarrels reached the zenith of absurdity when...
zenith = the highest point
DefinitionGenerally zenith means:
the highest point - physically or as a metaphor
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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