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The Hunchback of Notre Dame
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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audacious
11 uses
a very audaciously attired young girl
audaciously = boldly and daringly
DefinitionGenerally audacious means:
bold and daring (inclined to take risks) — especially in violating social convention in a manner that could offend others
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.3.1
Web Links
augment
3 uses
He was minded to augment his pace, but for the third time something barred his way.
augment = increase
DefinitionGenerally augment means:
enlarge or increase
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1.3
Web Links
austere
7 uses
This brown-skinned, broad-shouldered priest, hitherto condemned to the austere virginity of the cloister, was quivering and boiling in the presence of this night scene of love and voluptuousness.
austere = self-denying
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.4.2
Web Links
bourgeois
48 uses
the house, which is simple and thoroughly bourgeois
bourgeois = typical of the middle class
DefinitionGenerally bourgeois means:
typical of the middle class or their values and habits - typically used disapprovingly

or (in Marxist theory):

typical of the property-owning class
Word Statistics
Book48 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2.6
Web Links
capricious
12 uses
the capricious regulations regarding the public highways
capricious = unpredictable
DefinitionGenerally capricious means:
impulsive or unpredictable or tending to make sudden changes — especially impulsive behavior
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.9.5
Web Links
complacent
1 use
then rose and said, without exhibiting too much self-complacency at his success,—"The accused has confessed all."
complacency = satisfaction
DefinitionGenerally complacent means:
contented (unworried and satisfied) — often to a fault
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.8.3
Web Links
credulous
1 use
What more was needed, simple and credulous as she was?
credulous = gullible (being too willing to believe)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.9.4
Web Links
denounce
4 uses
I denounced you to the official.
denounced = informed against (accused)
DefinitionGenerally denounce means:
to strongly criticize or accuse publicly

or more rarely:  to inform against someone (turn someone into the authorities)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11.1
Web Links
deride
8 uses
All this only increased the derision and hooting.
derision = disrespect — typically while laughing at or making fun of
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1.1
Web Links
disdain
17 uses
Down to that day, he had known only humiliation, disdain for his condition, disgust for his person.
disdain = a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally disdain means:
a lack of respect — often suggesting distaste and an undeserved sense of superiority

or:

to reject as not good enough
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2.7.6
Web Links
heresy
4 uses
not a week passed which had not its counterfeiter to boil, or its witch to hang, or its heretic to burn,
heretic = someone with opinions or actions most people consider immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.5.2
Web Links
impetuous
4 uses
the impetuous gusts of the north wind do not make the traveler lay aside his cloak;
impetuous = sudden and unpredictable
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impetuous means:
impulsive (acting suddenly without much thought) — often with an unfortunate consequence
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1.2
Web Links
incessant
29 uses
It was this fixed idea which returned incessantly, which tortured him, which ate into his brain,
incessantly = continuously
DefinitionGenerally incessant means:
continuous — often in an annoying way
Word Statistics
Book29 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1.1
Web Links
Monsieur
152 uses
I see that you agree with Monsieur de Boucicaut.
Monsieur = Mr. (in French)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of Monsieur means:
French equivalent to Mr. in English

or:

French equivalent to sir in English (a polite way to address a male)
Word Statistics
Book152 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1.1
Web Links
perceive   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
perceive the system as unfair
"But," resumed the good Oudarde, "you must have perceived to some extent, that yesterday was a festival."
perceived = seen in a certain way so as to form a belief or opinion
DefinitionGenerally this sense of perceive means:
to view in a certain way so as to form a belief or opinion
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.6.3
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
though blind, can perceive light
As he plunged into the side aisles, he perceived a reddish light behind a cluster of pillars.
perceived = saw
DefinitionGenerally this sense of perceive means:
to become aware of — especially by using the senses (to see, hear, smell, feel, or taste)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.9.1
Web Links
pious
13 uses
The solemn lines of that architecture, ... the serene and pious thoughts which emanated, so to speak, from all the pores of that stone, acted upon her without her being aware of it.
pious = holy (religiously moral)
DefinitionGenerally pious means:
behaving in a highly moral or religious manner

or less commonly:  behaving highly moral in a self-righteous or holier-than-thou manner
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.2.6
Web Links
profound   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
profound idea
He added with the air of a profound thinker, "One is indebted sometimes to fortune, sometimes to ruse, for the happy issue of great enterprises."
profound = deep or far-reaching in intellect or insight
DefinitionGenerally this sense of profound means:
deep or far-reaching in intellect or consequence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.11.1
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
profound sadness
She listened to him with profound tenderness.
profound = of greatest intensity or emotional depth
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.9.3
Web Links
sagacious
4 uses
All at once his deep-set eye assumed so sagacious and penetrating an expression, that Gringoire felt himself, so to speak, searched to the bottom of the soul by that glance.
sagacious = wise
DefinitionGenerally sagacious means:
wise — especially through long experience and thoughtfulness
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.7.2
Web Links
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