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Franny and Zooey

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abrupt
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
an abrupt change
Zooey looked around abruptly at Franny,
abruptly = suddenly and unexpectedly
DefinitionGenerally this sense of abrupt means:
sudden and unexpected
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
apparent
25 uses
...it was apparent that she felt there was some kind of injustice in the air.
apparent = clear (obvious)
DefinitionGenerally apparent means:
clear or obvious; or appearing as such but not necessarily so
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library66 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
condescending
1 use
The letter itself was virtually endless in length, overwritten, teaching, repetitious, opinionated, remonstrative, condescending, embarrassing—and filled, to a surfeit, with affection.
condescending = a manner that treats others as inferiors
DefinitionGenerally condescending means:
treating others as inferior; or doing something considered beneath one's position or dignity
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.1
Web Links
contrite
1 use
The color of his pallor, however, was a curiously basic white—unmixed, that is, with the greens and yellows of guilt or abject contrition.
contrition = sorrow or regret for a fault or offense

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally contrite means:
feeling sorrow or regret for a fault or offense
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
coup
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
delivered the coup de grace
Her married daughter, Boo Boo, had intimated that it might have to be given a coup de grace with a blunt instrument before it was laid away in a wastebasket.
coup de grace = deathblow
DefinitionGenerally this sense of coup de grace means:
deathblow

(literally a sword strike that mercifully kills a wounded animal, or metaphorically as the last in a series of things that defeated an opponent, idea, business or other entity.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
deprecate
1 use
A year or so earlier, in an unwarrantably self-deprecating paragraph of a letter to her brother Buddy, she had referred to her own figure as...
self-deprecating = treating as of low quality
DefinitionGenerally deprecate means:
to diminish or treat something as unimportant or of low quality; or to express disapproval
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.4
Web Links
dissent
1 use
The dissenting group ... consists of...
dissenting = disagreeing
DefinitionGenerally dissent means:
to disagree; or disagreement or conflict — typically between people who cooperate, and often with official or majority beliefs
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.1
Web Links
dogmatic
1 use
...talking in voices that, almost without exception, sounded collegiately dogmatic, as though each young man ... was clearing up, once and for all, some highly controversial issue...
dogmatic = confident of absolute truth
DefinitionGenerally dogmatic means:
prone to stating opinions as absolute truth
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
fastidious
1 use
The workmanship was no less fastidious...
fastidious = with great care to detail
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.4
Web Links
guile
1 use
Franny blew her nose with guileless abandon;
guileless = without cunning (unconsidered)

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-less" in guileless means without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearless, homeless, and endless.)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
hackneyed
1 use
It was fresh enough, at least, and it was his own, it wasn't part of a hackneyed trend in scripts.
hackneyed = overused
DefinitionGenerally hackneyed means:
lacking impact due to too much previous exposure — especially writing that is unimaginative and filled with overused expressions, ideas, and formulas
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
inert
1 use
With his face in his hands ..., Zooey sat at Seymour's old desk, inert, but not asleep, for a good twenty minutes.
inert = not moving
DefinitionGenerally inert means:
unmoving, inactive, or unable to move

or:

slow, lethargic, or without interest

or (in chemistry/medicine):

chemically inactive (not having an effect)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.4
Web Links
innumerable
1 use
However innumerable beings are, I vow to save them; however inexhaustible the passions are, I vow to extinguish them; however immeasurable the Dharmas are, I vow to master them; however incomparable the Buddha-truth is, I vow to attain it.
innumerable = too numerous to be counted
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
minute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
minute size
It was a tailored tie-silk dressing gown, beige, with a pretty pattern of minute pink tea roses.†
minute = small
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minute means:
small, exceptionally small, or insignificant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
pithy
1 use
Solomon would have had a few pithy words for the occasion.
pithy = concise (said in few words), but full of meaning
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
remonstrate
1 use
The letter itself was virtually endless in length, overwritten, teaching, repetitious, opinionated, remonstrative, condescending, embarrassing—and filled, to a surfeit, with affection.
remonstrative = (written) in a manner that argues in protest or opposition

(editor's note:  The suffix "-ive" converts a word into an adjective; though over time, what was originally an adjective often comes to be used as a noun. The adjective pattern means tending to and is seen in words like attractive, impressive, and supportive. Examples of the noun include narrative, alternative, and detective.)
DefinitionGenerally remonstrate means:
argue, complain, or criticize
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.1
Web Links
reticent
1 use
Pour your heart out to me, Bessie. Don't be reticent.
reticent = reluctant
DefinitionGenerally reticent means:
reluctant — especially to speak freely
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
supine
1 use
Then, on a sudden but apparently pressing impulse, he stretched out supine on the carpet.
supine = lying down face upward
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
suppress
4 uses
She cried without trying to suppress any of the noisier manifestations of grief and confusion,
suppress = keep under control
DefinitionGenerally suppress means:
trying to keep under control
The exact meaning of suppress can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "suppressed the revolution" — to stop others from doing something by force
  • "suppressed a smile" — kept something from happening
  • "suppressed the story" — kept news from spreading
  • "suppressed her fear" — controlled an emotion
  • "suppressed the memory" — avoided thinking about (perhaps even removed from conscious memory)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
vacuous
2 uses
He suddenly opened the medicine cabinet. He stared rather vacuously into it for a few seconds, as though he had forgotten why he opened it,
vacuously = without thought
DefinitionGenerally vacuous means:
lacking intelligent thought
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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