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The Death of Ivan Ilych

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abstract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
abstract thought
but he was ... not an abstract man, but a creature quite, quite separate from all others.
abstract = of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
acute   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
acute pain
The pain again grew more acute, but he did not stir and did not call.
acute = sharp (in this case, more painful)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of acute means:
sharp (severe or strong) — usually negative
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
acute sense of smell
But as soon as he had any unpleasantness with his wife, any lack of success in his official work, or held bad cards at bridge, he was at once acutely sensible of his disease.
acutely = sharply (in this case, highly aware)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of acute means:
sharp (highly perceptive in some area or mentally sharp)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
aesthetic
1 use
he had himself insisted on their securing a box and going because it would be an instructive and aesthetic pleasure for the children.
aesthetic = related to beauty
DefinitionGenerally aesthetic means:
related to beauty or good taste — often referring to one's appreciation of beauty or one's sense of what is beautiful

or:

beautiful or tasteful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
agony
6 uses
why must I die and die in agony?
agony = a state with intense suffering
DefinitionGenerally agony means:
intense feelings of suffering — can be from mental or physical pain
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
conjecture
2 uses
His post had been kept open for him, but there had been conjectures that in case of his death Alexeev might receive his appointment, and...
conjectures = opinions based on inconclusive evidence
DefinitionGenerally conjecture means:
a conclusion or opinion based on inconclusive evidence; or the act of forming of such a conclusion or opinion
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
contrary   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
a contrary idea
From the very beginning of his illness ...  Ivan Ilych's life had been divided between two contrary and alternating moods:
contrary = opposite or alternative
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrary means:
different (perhaps opposite or mutually exclusive)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
on the contrary
Ivan Ilych never abused his power; he tried on the contrary to soften its expression, but the consciousness of it and the possibility of softening its effect, supplied the chief interest and attraction of his office.
on the contrary = an expression used to intensify denial of an idea
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —1 use
decorum
10 uses
after a stumble, his life was regaining its due and natural character of pleasant lightheartedness and decorum.
decorum = proper manners and conduct
DefinitionGenerally decorum means:
manners and conduct considered to be proper and in good taste
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
despair
7 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
she felt despair
Breathless and in despair he fell on his back, expecting death to come immediately.
despair = hopelessness
DefinitionGenerally this sense of despair means:
hopelessness; or distress (such as extreme worry or sadness from feeling powerless to change a bad situation)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
despondent
3 uses
having lost confidence both in the former doctor's treatment and in this one's, he became still more despondent.
despondent = depressed
DefinitionGenerally despondent means:
emotionally depressed — especially a feeling of grief and hopelessness after a loss
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
exasperated
3 uses
it should have been clear to him that this exasperation with circumstances and people aggravated his illness, and that he ought therefore to ignore unpleasant occurrences.
exasperation = great annoyance

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally exasperated means:
greatly annoyed
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
incessant
4 uses
The pain in his side oppressed him and seemed to grow worse and more incessant
incessant = continuous
DefinitionGenerally incessant means:
continuous — often in an annoying way
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
indifferent
2 uses
Ivan Ilych concluded that things were bad, but that for the doctor, and perhaps for everybody else, it was a matter of indifference
indifference = no concern (without interest)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
magistrate
11 uses
as an examining magistrate, Ivan Ilych felt that everyone without exception, even the most important and self-satisfied, was in his power
magistrate = judge

(editor's note:  In this case, it is a type of judge that investigates a case and determines if a court proceeding should be heard)
DefinitionGenerally magistrate means:
a judge or judicial official
The exact meaning of magistrate varies widely depending upon the context. For example:
  • in the U.S. federal court:  assists district court judges by handling minor offenses or administrative tasks such as preliminary hearings (often referred to as a magistrate judge rather than just a magistrate)
  • in some U.S. states:  a judge in the state court
  • in France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and other civil law countries:  a sitting magistrate is a judge and a standing magistrate is a prosecutor
  • in England:  may be a volunteer without formal legal training who performs a judicial role with regard to minor matters
  • in ancient Rome:  a powerful officer with both judicial and executive power
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
mitigate
1 use
the gnawing, unmitigated, agonizing pain
unmitigated = complete (not diminished)

(editor's note:  The prefix "un-" in unmitigated means not and reverses the meaning of mitigated. This is the same pattern you see in words like unhappy, unknown, and unlucky.)
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
prescribe
4 uses
she would say to her friends, "Ivan Ilych can't do as other people do, and keep to the treatment prescribed for him."
prescribed = recommend (in this case by a doctor)
DefinitionGenerally prescribe means:
to recommend or require what should be done

or more specifically:

of a medical doctor:  to give medical instructions — such as writing that a patient should take antibiotics
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
propriety
9 uses
His wife, without any reason... began to disturb the pleasure and propriety of their life.
propriety = socially correct or appropriate behavior
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
rectify
3 uses
This had to be rectified, but it was impossible to do so.
rectified = corrected or made right
DefinitionGenerally this sense of rectify means:
correct, fix, or make right
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
reproach
3 uses
she reproached him lovingly for this
reproached = expressed criticism to
DefinitionGenerally reproach means:
a criticism; or to express criticism — especially where a relationship makes the disapproval result in disappointment or shame
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
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