toggle menu
menu
vocabulary
1000+ books
Book Menu

Cyrano de Bergerac
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

(click/touch triangles for details)
constrained
3 uses
If you go on, I Shall feel myself constrained to cuff your face!†
constrained = restricted; or lacking spontaneity
DefinitionGenerally constrained means:
restricted; or lacking spontaneity

or typically archaic:  to force someone to do something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
dispute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
She disputes his claim.
We were disputing a nice point in grammar; contradictions raged hotly—"Tis so!'†
disputing = challenging, arguing about, or fighting over
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dispute means:
challenge, argue about, or fight over
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 3
Web Links
frayed
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
into the fray
RAGUENEAU (to Cyrano): Know you who might be the hero of the fray?†
the fray = the fight or struggle
DefinitionGenerally this sense of fray means:
a noisy fight, controversial debate, or other exciting situation that usually is not well organized
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
garnish
1 use
... CYRANO: If I have used it to arrest you At the first starting,—now, 'twould be an outrage, An insult—to the perfumed Night—to Nature— To speak fine words that garnish vain love-letters!†
garnish = to decorate or adorn something; or the item added for decoration
DefinitionGenerally this sense of garnish means:
to decorate or adorn something (most typically food with another food); or the item added for decoration
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
grave
4 uses
I never will, while of myself I'm master,
let the divinity of tears—their beauty
Be wedded to such common ugly grossness.
Nothing more solemn than a tear—sublimer;
And I would not by weeping turn to laughter
The grave emotion that a tear engenders!
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 1
Web Links
hinder
4 uses
CUIGY: He can not hinder that.†
hinder = slow down or cause problems for
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
importune
1 use
ROXANE: Oh, he will not importune me forever!†
importune = beg insistently or urge repeatedly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
indifferent
2 uses
ROXANE (indifferently):  Bravo!
indifferently = without interest

(editor's note:  Roxane is being ironic by using a word that typically expresses strong approval, but in a tone that demonstrates a lack of interest.)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
At last the moment comes, inevitable
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inimical
1 use
Ah, friend of mine, believe me, I march better 'Neath the cross-fire of glances inimical!†
inimical = harmful or unfriendly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
minuteness
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
minute size; or minute description
THE BORE (stammering): No, small, quite small—minute!†
minute = small, detailed, or careful
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minuteness means:
very small

or:

detailed (including even small considerations); or careful (done with care)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
mockery
12 uses
He dares to mock my nose?
mock = making fun of
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 2
Web Links
opportune
1 use
DE GUICHE (carelessly knotting on his scarf): 'tis opportune.†
opportune = favorable circumstances for a particular purpose — especially the circumstance of good timing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
ratify
1 use
An oath that's ratified,—a sealed promise,
ratified = formally approved
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
recite
6 uses
CYRANO (reciting, as if repeating a lesson):
reciting = saying aloud
DefinitionGenerally recite means:
to say or read something aloud — especially something previously memorized such as a poem

or:

to say in detail — especially a list of things
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
resolute
1 use
They are a resolute troop.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
revere
1 use
THE CADET (with a low reverence):  Madame. . .
reverence = respectfully
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 4
Web Links
swagger
5 uses
THE VISCOUNT DE VALVERT (shrugging his shoulders): Swaggerer!†
swaggerer = walk or behave in a highly confident or proud manner — often arrogant and sometimes to impress or intimidate others
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
windward
1 use
Steal soft from lap to lap, —A little great man in a circle small, Or navigate, with madrigals for sails, Blown gently windward by old ladies' sighs?†
windward = the direction from which the wind is coming
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
zeal
1 use
slow your zeal!
zeal = enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
Take Quiz
Go to Book Menu
Browse with Large-Screen
(more words/choices)
† 
Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board, which is not affiliated with verbalworkout.com™, and does not endorse this site.