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Cyrano de Bergerac

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
diminutive
1 use
fat cooks, and diminutive apprentices
diminutive = very small
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
efface
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
efface the memory
  Your dear thoughts have now effaced
  That beauty that so won me at the outset.
effaced = erased or removed from notice
DefinitionGenerally this sense of efface means:
remove completely from recognition or memory — sometimes by erasing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
futile
1 use
When feeling love exists in us, ennobling,
Each well-weighed word is futile and soul-saddening!
futile = effort that is pointless because it is unproductive or unsuccessful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
grave
4 uses
I never will, while of myself I'm master,
let the divinity of tears—their beauty
Be wedded to such common ugly grossness.
Nothing more solemn than a tear—sublimer;
And I would not by weeping turn to laughter
The grave emotion that a tear engenders!
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 1
Web Links
importune
1 use
ROXANE: Oh, he will not importune me forever!†
importune = beg insistently or urge repeatedly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
incisive
1 use
LISE (choking with anger): But— CYRANO (incisively): I like Ragueneau well, and so—mark me, Dame Lise—I permit not that he be rendered a laughing-stock by any....†
incisively = in a manner that is direct, clear, and sharp
DefinitionGenerally incisive means:
direct, clear, and sharp in thinking or expression — often indicating a decisive person (makes decisions quickly) or a penetrating mind
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
indifferent
2 uses
ROXANE (indifferently):  Bravo!
indifferently = without interest

(editor's note:  Roxane is being ironic by using a word that typically expresses strong approval, but in a tone that demonstrates a lack of interest.)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
At last the moment comes, inevitable
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library23 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inimical
1 use
Ah, friend of mine, believe me, I march better 'Neath the cross-fire of glances inimical!†
inimical = harmful or unfriendly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
minute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
minute size
THE BORE (stammering): No, small, quite small—minute!†
minute = very small
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minute means:
small, exceptionally small, or insignificant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
mock
12 uses
He dares to mock my nose?
mock = making fun of
DefinitionGenerally mock means:
making fun of

or:

not real
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 2
Web Links
obsequious
1 use
A marquis (watching De Guiche, who comes down from Roxane's box, and crosses the pit surrounded by obsequious noblemen)
obsequious = excessively eager to flatter or serve
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
ostentatious
1 use
(Sniffing ostentatiously):
  O heavens!. . .what a stink!. . .
(Going up to Cyrano):
  You, sir, without a doubt have sniffed it up!
ostentatiously = in a manner intended to attract notice
DefinitionGenerally ostentatious means:
intended to attract notice and impress others — especially with wealth in a vulgar way
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
profuse
1 use
Bustle and hurry of scullions, fat cooks, and diminutive apprentices, their caps profusely decorated with cock's feathers and wings of guinea-fowl.
profusely = abundantly
DefinitionGenerally profuse means:
abundant (a lot of something)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
ratify
1 use
An oath that's ratified,—a sealed promise,
ratified = formally approved
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
recite
6 uses
CYRANO (reciting, as if repeating a lesson):
reciting = saying aloud
DefinitionGenerally recite means:
to say or read something aloud — especially something previously memorized such as a poem

or:

to say in detail — especially a list of things
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library23 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
resolute
1 use
They are a resolute troop.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
revere
1 use
THE CADET (with a low reverence):  Madame. . .
reverence = respectfully
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 4
Web Links
surreptitious
1 use
they surreptitiously wipe away their tears with their cuffs and the corner of their cloaks.
surreptitiously = secretly or in a manner not to be noticed
DefinitionGenerally surreptitious means:
done secretly or in a manner that avoids notice
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
zeal
1 use
slow your zeal!
zeal = enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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