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Cyrano de Bergerac
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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allegory
1 use
There was the allegory of my whole life: I, in the shadow, at the ladder's foot, While others lightly mount to Love and Fame!†
allegory = a fictional story whose characters, items, or events are symbolic to express a deeper meaning
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 5
Web Links
diminutive
1 use
fat cooks, and diminutive apprentices
diminutive = very small
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
eccentric
1 use
This wild eccentric becomes interesting!
eccentric = person who is unconventional or strange
DefinitionGenerally eccentric means:
unconventional or strange; or a person with such traits
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
fastidious
1 use
I fear me she is coquettish, and over nice and fastidious!
fastidious = giving careful attention to proper manners and good taste
DefinitionGenerally fastidious means:
giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
futile
1 use
When feeling love exists in us, ennobling,
Each well-weighed word is futile and soul-saddening!
futile = effort that is pointless because it is unproductive or unsuccessful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
grandiloquent
2 uses
THE CADET (grandiloquently): —With the smell of powder!†
grandiloquently = lofty in style
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
grave
4 uses
I never will, while of myself I'm master,
let the divinity of tears—their beauty
Be wedded to such common ugly grossness.
Nothing more solemn than a tear—sublimer;
And I would not by weeping turn to laughter
The grave emotion that a tear engenders!
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 1
Web Links
indifferent
2 uses
ROXANE (indifferently):  Bravo!
indifferently = without interest

(editor's note:  Roxane is being ironic by using a word that typically expresses strong approval, but in a tone that demonstrates a lack of interest.)
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest — in various senses such as:
  • unconcerned
  • unsympathetic
  • impartial
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
At last the moment comes, inevitable
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 3
Web Links
minuteness
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
minute size; or minute description
THE BORE (stammering): No, small, quite small—minute!†
minute = small, detailed, or careful
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minuteness means:
very small

or:

detailed (including even small considerations); or careful (done with care)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
mockery
12 uses
He dares to mock my nose?
mock = making fun of
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library29 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 2
Web Links
ostentatious
1 use
(Sniffing ostentatiously):
  O heavens!. . .what a stink!. . .
(Going up to Cyrano):
  You, sir, without a doubt have sniffed it up!
ostentatiously = in a manner intended to attract notice
DefinitionGenerally ostentatious means:
intended to attract notice and impress others — especially with wealth in a vulgar way
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
perspective
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a perspective of the entire block
A perspective of little streets. On the right Roxane's house and the wall of her garden overhung with thick foliage.
perspective = view
DefinitionGenerally this sense of perspective means:
a view — often stressing that the view is different from a view from another location
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
profuse
1 use
Bustle and hurry of scullions, fat cooks, and diminutive apprentices, their caps profusely decorated with cock's feathers and wings of guinea-fowl.
profusely = abundantly
DefinitionGenerally profuse means:
abundant (a lot of something)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
ratify
1 use
An oath that's ratified,—a sealed promise,
ratified = formally approved
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
recite
6 uses
CYRANO (reciting, as if repeating a lesson):
reciting = saying aloud
DefinitionGenerally recite means:
to say or read something aloud — especially something previously memorized such as a poem

or:

to say in detail — especially a list of things
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
resolute
1 use
They are a resolute troop.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
revere
1 use
THE CADET (with a low reverence):  Madame. . .
reverence = respectfully
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 4
Web Links
surreptitious
1 use
they surreptitiously wipe away their tears with their cuffs and the corner of their cloaks.
surreptitiously = secretly or in a manner not to be noticed
DefinitionGenerally surreptitious means:
done secretly or in a manner that avoids notice
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
zeal
1 use
slow your zeal!
zeal = enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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