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Cyrano de Bergerac
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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constrained
3 uses
The standard of living is ultimately constrained by worker productivity.
constrained = restricted
DefinitionGenerally constrained means:
restricted; or lacking spontaneity

or typically archaic:  to force someone to do something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
disparage
1 use
She has a reputation for disparaging the efforts of her co-workers.
disparaging = criticizing or making seem less important
DefinitionGenerally disparage means:
to criticize or make seem less important — especially in a disrespectful or contemptuous manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 1
Web Links
dispute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
She disputes his claim.
She disputes her landlord's claim that the music was that loud.
disputes = challenges
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dispute means:
challenge, argue about, or fight over
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 3
Web Links
frayed
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
into the fray
I'm hesitant to join the political fray.
fray = the fight or struggle
DefinitionGenerally this sense of fray means:
a noisy fight, controversial debate, or other exciting situation that usually is not well organized
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
garnish
1 use
She garnished the plate with parsley.
garnished = decorated or adorned
DefinitionGenerally this sense of garnish means:
to decorate or adorn something (most typically food with another food); or the item added for decoration
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
grave
4 uses
Her smile disappeared as she suddenly realized the gravity of her situation.
gravity = seriousness or importance (weightiness)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 1
Web Links
hinder
4 uses
Her efforts to turn the department around were further hindered by budgetary cuts.
hindered = slowed down or caused problems for
DefinitionGenerally this sense of hinder means:
slow down or cause problems for
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
importune
1 use
She began to importune school trustees as soon as she learned of the problem.
importune = beg insistently or urge repeatedly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
indifferent
2 uses
About a third are in favor of the change, a third are opposed, and a third are indifferent.
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
It is as inevitable as death and taxes.
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useAct 3
Web Links
minuteness
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
minute size; or minute description
Don't eat a lot of poppy seeds for a few days before a drug test. They have a minute amount of a chemical that can cause a false positive when testing for heroin use.
minute = small, detailed, or careful
DefinitionGenerally this sense of minuteness means:
very small

or:

detailed (including even small considerations); or careful (done with care)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
mockery
12 uses
I will not permit the defendant to make a mockery of this trial.
mockery = something that is ridiculous
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useAct 2
Web Links
opportune
1 use
They launched their company at an opportune time.
opportune = favorable
DefinitionGenerally opportune means:
favorable circumstances for a particular purpose — especially the circumstance of good timing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
ratify
1 use
The President already signed the treaty, but it won't take effect unless the Senate ratifies it.
ratifies = approves
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 3
Web Links
recite
6 uses
She recited a poem.
recited = said the lines of
DefinitionGenerally recite means:
to say or read something aloud — especially something previously memorized such as a poem

or:

to say in detail — especially a list of things
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
resolute
1 use
She stood resolute as some complained that she was asking too much of the team.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 4
Web Links
revere
1 use
Many fans revere Michael Jordan as one of the greatest basketball players of all time.
revere = regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useAct 4
Web Links
swagger
5 uses
The team swaggered onto the court—full of confidence.
swaggered = walked or behaved in a highly confident or proud manner
DefinitionGenerally swagger means:
walk or behave in a highly confident or proud manner — often arrogant and sometimes to impress or intimidate others
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
windward
1 use
The windward side of the island gets more rain.
windward = the direction from which the wind is coming
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 2
Web Links
zeal
1 use
She attacks each challenge with zeal.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useAct 1
Web Links
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