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The Aeneid
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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descend
75 uses
Descending thence, I scape thro' foes and fire:
descending = moving or sloping downward
DefinitionGenerally descend means:
move or slope downward

or:

come from a higher or prior level in a hierarchy — as a person from an ancestor

or:

come or arrive — especially from above — such as night or darkness
Word Statistics
Book75 uses
Library33 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
desist
4 uses
Desist, my much-lov'd lord,'t indulge your pain; You bear no more than what the gods ordain.†
desist = to not do something
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 8
Web Links
despair
35 uses
Despairing of success, ambitious to be slain!
despairing = having lost hope
DefinitionGenerally despair means:
hopelessness
Word Statistics
Book35 uses
Library27 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 2
Web Links
diligent
3 uses
The cheerful crew with diligence obey
diligence = hard work and care
DefinitionGenerally diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
dissemble
9 uses
The grove itself resembles Ida's wood; And Simois seem'd the well-dissembled flood.†
dissembled = deceived (hid or disguised the truth without outright lying)
DefinitionGenerally dissemble means:
to deceive (hide or disguise the truth without outright lying)
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
dissent
2 uses
Let now your immature dissension cease;
Sit quiet, and compose your souls to peace.
dissension = disagreement
DefinitionGenerally dissent means:
to disagree; or disagreement or conflict — typically between people who cooperate, and often with official or majority beliefs
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
diversify
1 use
A purple scarf, with gold embroider'd o'er, (Queen Dido's gift,) about his waist he wore; A sword, with glitt'ring gems diversified, For ornament, not use, hung idly by his side.†
diversified = made more varied
DefinitionGenerally diversify means:
to make more varied

This is used to describe variation in some things so frequently that they can be implied by the general context without a need to state them explicitly — such as:
  • with regard to people — varying races, ethnicities, and genders
  • with regard to investments — varying types of investments
  • with regard to a company — varying sources of business
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 4
Web Links
emulate
6 uses
emulate a god
emulate = imitating
DefinitionGenerally emulate means:
imitate (copy)
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
expedient
1 use
This way and that he turns his anxious mind,
And all expedients tries, and none can find.
expedients = actions that are speedy or practical
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
filial
5 uses
"Whither so fast?" the filial duty cried; "And why, ah why, the wish'd embrace denied?"†
filial = relating to the relationship of children to their parents
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
guile
4 uses
His guileful father, sent a nightly spy,
guileful = cunning (shrewd, clever)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
ignoble
10 uses
No vessels were in view; but, on the plain, Three beamy stags command a lordly train Of branching heads: the more ignoble throng Attend their stately steps, and slowly graze along.†
ignoble = completely lacking nobility in character, quality or purpose
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
officious
5 uses
The nurse moves onward, with officious care, And all the speed her aged limbs can bear.†
officious = intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
portent
10 uses
A greater omen, and of worse portent, Did our unwary minds with fear torment, Concurring to produce the dire event.†
portent = a sign of something about to happen
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
presage
14 uses
Love the first motions of the lover hears, Quick to presage, and ev'n in safety fears.†
presage = serve as a sign of something about to happen — typically something bad
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
prudent
4 uses
The prudent Sibyl had before prepar'd
prudent = sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
ravish
14 uses
The cables crack; the sailors' fearful cries Ascend; and sable night involves the skies; And heav'n itself is ravish'd from their eyes.†
ravish'd = to rape, overwhelm or plunder
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
revere
3 uses
In pious reverence to the gods
reverence = feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 7
Web Links
wretched
26 uses
O wretched countrymen!
wretched = unfortunate
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad, in various senses such as:
  • unfortunate or miserable
  • of poor quality
  • morally bad
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
zeal
7 uses
So much of zeal their country's cause inspir'd;
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
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