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And Then There Were None
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abstract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
abstract thought
We all agree that we want what's "best for the country", but that is an abstract concept and we cannot agree on which specific laws should be passed.
abstract = of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
DefinitionGenerally this sense of abstract means:
of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

or more rarely:

describing someone as distracted — thinking about something outside of the immediate conversation or circumstances
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 16
Web Links
aversion
1 use
Of the two, she has a greater aversion to risk.
aversion = dislike that leads to avoidance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
bound   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 4 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
She's bound to succeed.
She's bound to get into a good college.
bound = almost certain to
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bound means:
almost certain to; or determined to
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
bound together
The pieces of bread are moistened and bound together with eggs and a small amount of flour.
bound = held together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bound means:
held together (connected or united) or wrapped
The exact meaning of this sense of bound is subject to its context. For example:
  • "The pages of the book are bound with glue." — held together physically
  • "The book is bound in leather." — wrapped or covered
  • "The United States and England are bound together by a common language." — connected or united (tied together metaphorically)
  • "She cleaned the wound and bound it with fresh bandages." — wrapped
  • "She is wheelchair-bound." — connected (moves with a wheelchair because she is unable to walk)
  • "The jacket has bound buttonholes." — edges wrapped by fabric or trim rather than stitches
  • "She's the one in the bound-edge hat." — where the edge of the hat is wrapped in a decorative material.
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
brusque
1 use
She is known for her brusque manner and brief meetings.
brusque = abrupt (not taking the time to be friendly)
DefinitionGenerally brusque means:
abrupt (sudden and quick — without taking the time to be friendly)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
caustic
1 use
Don't get it on your skin. It's caustic.
caustic = harsh or capable of hurting skin (like a strong acid)
DefinitionGenerally caustic means:
of a chemical substance:  corrosive; capable of destroying or eating away such as a strong acid

or:

of a person:  sarcastic, critical, or harsh
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
deference
1 use
They changed their strategy in deference to the President's wishes.
deference = respect
DefinitionGenerally deference means:
polite respect — often when submitting to another's wishes
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
dubious
2 uses
She was dubious, but agreed to come with us anyway.
dubious = doubtful; or suspicious; or full of uncertainty
DefinitionGenerally dubious means:
doubtful
in various senses, including:
  • doubtful that something should be relied upon — as in "The argument relies on a dubious assumption."
  • doubtful that something is morally proper — as in "The company is accused of using dubious sales practices to influence minors."
  • bad or of questionable value — as in "The state has the dubious distinction of the highest taxes."
  • doubtful or uncertain — as in "She is dubious about making the change."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
furtive
2 uses
She watched me in a furtive manner—trying to hide her interest.
furtive = cautious or taking pains to avoid being observed
DefinitionGenerally furtive means:
taking pains to avoid being observed

or:

in a manner indicating nervousness (being cautious or appearing suspicious)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
implication
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
Her implication in the crime
She is suspected of implication in three burglaries.
implication = involvement
DefinitionGenerally this sense of implication means:
involvement in or the suggestion that someone was involved in something — especially a crime
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
induce
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
induce her to
The baby wasn't getting enough nutrients and oxygen, so we induced labor.
induced = caused (in this case, childbirth to start)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of induce means:
to persuade somebody to do something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 16
Web Links
iniquity
1 use
That was when I realized I had to climb up from the depths of iniquity.
iniquity = immorality
DefinitionGenerally iniquity means:
immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
laconic
1 use
I need more than the book and my teacher's laconic answers to understand this material.
laconic = using few words
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
malevolent
2 uses
She tells vicious lies and spreads malevolent rumors.
malevolent = evil
DefinitionGenerally malevolent means:
evil
  • of a person — wishing or appearing to wish evil to others
  • of a thing — exerting an evil or harmful influence
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
reproach
3 uses
She reproached him for being thoughtless and lazy.
reproached = criticized
DefinitionGenerally reproach means:
a criticism; or to express criticism
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
sagacious
1 use
She is a smart and sagacious statesman.
sagacious = wise
DefinitionGenerally sagacious means:
wise — especially through long experience and thoughtfulness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
scrupulous
2 uses
You can count on her. She is scrupulous in her work.
scrupulous = careful to behave ethically and/or diligently
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 16
Web Links
sheer   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 6 uses
1  —4 uses as in:
sheer fun
She got the job through sheer persistence.
sheer = pure (completely by)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sheer means:
complete or pure — without restriction,  qualification, or other elements (used for emphasis)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
a sheer cliff
Be careful on that road. There is a sheer drop-off on the right.
sheer = so steep it is almost vertical
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
shrewd
5 uses
She is a shrewd negotiator.
shrewd = smart
DefinitionGenerally shrewd means:
smart — especially in negotiating with people (may infer underhanded dealings)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
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