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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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acquiesce
1 use
no one has ever suffered such torments ... and yet even to these, habit brought ... a certain callousness of soul, a certain acquiescence of despair;
acquiescence = reluctant acceptance
DefinitionGenerally acquiesce means:
reluctant or unenthusiastic compliance, consent, or agreement
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.107.31
Web Links
austere
1 use
He was austere with himself ... and though he enjoyed the theatre, had not crossed the doors of one for twenty years.
austere = strict in not enjoying luxury
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1, p.1.59
Web Links
blasphemy
2 uses
a pious work, for which Jekyll had several times expressed a great esteem, annotated, in his own hand, with startling blasphemies.
blasphemies = something said disrespectful of something considered sacred
DefinitionGenerally blasphemy means:
something said or done that is disrespectful of something considered sacred — especially God or religion
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8, p.66.71
Web Links
condone
1 use
punishment coming, PEDE CLAUDO, years after memory has forgotten and self-love condoned the fault.
condoned = accepted without criticism
DefinitionGenerally condone means:
to accept (a specific bad behavior) without criticism

or:

to approve of (a specific behavior that is typically considered bad)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2, p.22.40
Web Links
depravity
1 use
When I would come back from these excursions, I was often plunged into a kind of wonder at my vicarious depravity.
depravity = immorality

(editor's note:  Vicarious means experienced secondhand, so the last three words could be paraphrased as "my enjoyment at having seen such immoral behavior.")
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.91.45
Web Links
deride
1 use
And now, you who have so long been bound to the most narrow and material views, you who have denied the virtue of transcendental medicine, you who have derided your superiors— behold!
derided = laughed at or made fun of—while showing a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9, p.80.17
Web Links
despondent
1 use
His terror of the gallows drove him continually to commit temporary suicide, and return to his subordinate station of a part instead of a person; but he loathed the necessity, he loathed the despondency into which Jekyll was now fallen, and he resented the dislike with which he was himself regarded.
despondency = depression
DefinitionGenerally despondent means:
emotionally depressed — especially a feeling of grief and hopelessness after a loss
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.106.68
Web Links
duplicity
1 use
when I reached years of reflection, and began to look round me and take stock of my progress and position in the world, I stood already committed to a profound duplicity of life.
duplicity = deception — such as lying
DefinitionGenerally duplicity means:
deception (lying to or misleading others) — usually over an extended period
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.82.77
Web Links
eccentric
1 use
The first was a will, drawn in the same eccentric terms as the one which he had returned six months before,
eccentric = unconventional or strange
DefinitionGenerally eccentric means:
unconventional or strange; or a person with such traits
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8, p.67.47
Web Links
enigma
1 use
you speak enigmas
enigmas = things that are mysterious and seem unexplainable
DefinitionGenerally enigma means:
something mysterious that seems unexplainable
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9, p.79.83
Web Links
extraneous
1 use
If each, I told myself, could but be housed in separate identities, life would be relieved of all that was unbearable; the unjust delivered from the aspirations might go his way, and remorse of his more upright twin; and the just could walk steadfastly and securely on his upward path, doing the good things in which he found his pleasure, and no longer exposed to disgrace and penitence by the hands of this extraneous evil.
extraneous = not belonging to that in which it is contained

(editor's note:  This is a less common sense of extraneous. More frequently, it means "not pertinent to the matter under consideration".)
DefinitionGenerally extraneous means:
not relevant or important to the matter under consideration
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.84.73
Web Links
florid
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a florid style
Even on Sunday, when it veiled its more florid charms and lay comparatively empty of passage, the street shone out in contrast to its dingy neighbourhood, like a fire in a forest; and with its freshly painted shutters, well-polished brasses, and general cleanliness and gaiety of note, instantly caught and pleased the eye of the passenger.
florid = elaborate (decorative details)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of florid means:
elaborate (with much decorative detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1, p.3.40
Web Links
gesticulate
1 use
This was the shocking thing; that the slime of the pit seemed to utter cries and voices; that the amorphous dust gesticulated and sinned; that what was dead, and had no shape, should usurp the offices of life.
gesticulated = made body movements
DefinitionGenerally gesticulate means:
to make gestures (hand or body movements) while speaking or to express something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.106.24
Web Links
heresy
2 uses
"I incline to Cain's heresy," he used to say quaintly: "I let my brother go to the devil in his own way."
heresy = opinions or actions most people consider immoral

(editor's note:  Wikisource annotates this line as follows:  Cain's heresy..In the Biblical story of Cain and Abel, after murdering his brother, God asked Cain where he was. Cain replies, "Am I my brother's keeper?" This was, in fact, the heresy that Utterson refers to. Utterson means that his "sin" is that he doesn't get involved in the personal affairs of others. However, he eventually breaks this rule with Jekyll and Hyde.)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3, p.25.33
Web Links
induce
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
induce symptoms
Suppose it were as you suppose, supposing Dr. Jekyll to have been—well, murdered, what could induce the murderer to stay?
induce = cause
DefinitionGenerally this sense of induce means:
to cause something to arise or happen
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8, p.56.15
Web Links
insidious
1 use
Henry Jekyll stood at times aghast before the acts of Edward Hyde; but the situation was apart from ordinary laws, and insidiously relaxed the grasp of conscience.
insidiously = in a dangerous, tricky manner
DefinitionGenerally insidious means:
not appearing dangerous, but actually very harmful over time

or:

treacherous  (dangerous due to trickery or from hidden or unpredictable risks)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.91.75
Web Links
obsequious
1 use
At the inn, as I entered, I looked about me with so black a countenance as made the attendants tremble; not a look did they exchange in my presence; but obsequiously took my orders, led me to a private room, and brought me wherewithal to write.
obsequiously = in a manner that is excessively eager to flatter or serve
DefinitionGenerally obsequious means:
excessively eager to flatter or serve
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.103.1
Web Links
pedantic
4 uses
But I have been pedantically exact, as you call it.
pedantically = with too much concern for details or book learning
DefinitionGenerally pedantic means:
too concerned with formal rules, details, or book learning
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1, p.10.46
Web Links
pious
2 uses
There were several books on a shelf; one lay beside the tea-things open, and Utterson was amazed to find it a copy of a pious work, for which Jekyll had several times expressed a great esteem, annotated, in his own hand, with startling blasphemies.
pious = behaving in a highly moral manner
DefinitionGenerally pious means:
behaving in a highly moral or religious manner

or less commonly:  behaving highly moral in a self-righteous or holier-than-thou manner
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8, p.66.62
Web Links
poignant
1 use
and beyond these links of community, which in themselves made the most poignant part of his distress, he thought of Hyde, for all his energy of life, as of something not only hellish but inorganic.
poignant = profoundly touching the emotions —  especially sadness or pity
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.106.8
Web Links
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