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The Picture of Dorian Gray - 20 chapter version

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
abstruse
1 use
The subject is not so abstruse as I thought it was.
abstruse = difficult to understand
DefinitionGenerally abstruse means:
difficult to understand; or not known by the great majority of people
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
affectation
1 use
He hated his mother's affectations.
affectations = things done in an artificial way to make an impression
DefinitionGenerally affectation means:
behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
blasphemy
1 use
This is blasphemy, Dorian!
blasphemy = something said or done that is disrespectful of something considered sacred
DefinitionGenerally blasphemy means:
something said or done that is disrespectful of something considered sacred — especially God or religion
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
bronze   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
bronze won't corrode in salt water
I am no more to you than a green bronze figure.
bronze = a type of metal

(editor's note:  Bronze is a brownish metal that turns green when weathered.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bronze means:
a brownish-colored metal with red or yellow hues that is made of copper and (usually) tin
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
her bronze is on display
Old brocades, green bronzes, lacquer-work, carved ivories, exquisite surroundings, luxury, pomp, there is much to be got from all these.†
bronzes = sculptures made of a metal of the same name

(editor's note:  Generally, bronze sculptures are brown in color with a hint of red or yellow. But when the metal tarnishes, it turns green.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bronze means:
something made of the brownish metal with the same name — such as a sculpture (statue) or a third place medal
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
doleful
1 use
...a huge cylindrical drum, covered with the skins of great serpents, like the one that Bernal Diaz saw when he went with Cortes into the Mexican temple, and of whose doleful sound he has left us so vivid a description.
doleful = sorrowful (full of sadness)
DefinitionGenerally doleful means:
expressing or causing sadness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
dominate
16 uses
Campbell felt dominated by him.
dominated = controlled
DefinitionGenerally dominate means:
to control; or to be most influential, powerful, abundant, important, or conspicuous
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library17 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
grave
8 uses
"Yes," answered Hallward, gravely, and with deep-toned sorrow in his voice—"to see your soul."
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
however
22 uses
1  —22 uses as in:
However, complications may...
I am afraid, however, he would not have understood me.†
however = a word used to connect contrasting ideas as when using though, in spite of that, in contrast, nevertheless, etc.
DefinitionGenerally this sense of however means:
though (or another expression that connects contrasting ideas)

(Based on idea 1 we might not expect idea 2, but this is a way of saying that even though idea 1 exists, we still have idea 2.  Synonyms include in spite of that, , nevertheless, nonetheless, on the other hand, in contrastand but.)
Word Statistics
Book22 uses
Library61 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
indifferent
13 uses
The next time he calls, you will be perfectly cold and indifferent.
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
indolent
1 use
the Embassy at Paris, a post to which he considered that he was fully entitled by reason of his birth, his indolence, the good English of his despatches, and his inordinate passion for pleasure.
indolence = laziness
DefinitionGenerally this sense of indolent means:
lazy; disinclined to work
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
infinite
13 uses
When he entered, she looked at him, and an expression of infinite joy came over her.
infinite = unlimited; without boundaries
DefinitionGenerally infinite means:
unlimited; without boundaries; or too numerous to count
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
lethargic
1 use
What they call their loyalty, and their fidelity, I call either the lethargy of custom or their lack of imagination.
lethargy = laziness
DefinitionGenerally lethargic means:
lacking energy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
mock
17 uses
You mock at everything, and then suggest the most serious tragedies.
mock = make fun of
DefinitionGenerally mock means:
making fun of

or:

not real
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
obscure
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
the view or directions are obscure
The style in which it was written was that curious jewelled style, vivid and obscure at once, full of argot and of archaisms, of technical expressions and of elaborate paraphrases, that characterises the work of some of the finest artists of the French school of Symbolistes.
obscure = difficult to understand
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not clearly seen, understood, or expressed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
opera
13 uses
They ... used to be always seen together at the Opera, and wherever good music was going on.
opera = performances of classical music plays in which most of the dialogue is sung
DefinitionGenerally opera means:
a musical play with orchestra in which most dialogue is sung — (typically associated with classical music and often in a language foreign to the audience)

or:

the art form (or describing something as related to it) that consists of musical plays with orchestra in which most dialogue is sung
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
penitent
1 use
"I am in Lady Agatha's black books at present," answered Dorian, with a funny look of penitence.
penitence = feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
petulant
3 uses
"I don't want a life-sized portrait of myself," answered the lad, swinging round on the music-stool, in a wilful, petulant manner.
petulant = unreasonably upset
DefinitionGenerally petulant means:
unreasonably annoyed or upset

or:

easily annoyed or upset
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
sanguine
1 use
to find his way through the sanguine labyrinth of passion through which he was wandering.
sanguine = optimistic and cheerful
DefinitionGenerally sanguine means:
confidently optimistic and cheerful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
stagnate
2 uses
And what an utter intellectual stagnation it reveals!
stagnation = lack of development

(editor's note:  The suffix "-tion", converts a verb into a noun that denotes the action or result of the verb. Typically, there is a slight change in the ending of the root verb, as in action, education, and observation.)
DefinitionGenerally stagnate means:
staying still or not developing
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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