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The Picture of Dorian Gray - 20 chapter version
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abstruse
1 use
The professor's lectures were so abstruse that students tended to avoid them.
abstruse = difficult to understand
DefinitionGenerally abstruse means:
difficult to understand; or not known by the great majority of people
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
ascetic
1 use
The ascetic life has been more pronounced in Hinduism and Buddhism than in other major religions.
ascetic = the practice of self-denial
DefinitionGenerally ascetic means:
someone who practices self-denial (often to encourage spiritual growth); or relating to such self-denial

or:

severely plain (without decoration)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
blasphemy
1 use
The government of the Muslim nation monitors major websites for blasphemy.
blasphemy = disrespect of something considered sacred
DefinitionGenerally blasphemy means:
something said or done that is disrespectful of something considered sacred — especially God or religion
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
doleful
1 use
It was another year of a doleful Detroit economy.
doleful = very sad; or causing sadness or misfortune
DefinitionGenerally doleful means:
expressing or causing sadness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
dominate
16 uses
The defending World Champions dominated their unranked opponent.
dominated = controlled
DefinitionGenerally dominate means:
to control; or to be most influential, powerful, or conspicuous
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
grave
8 uses
Her smile disappeared as she suddenly realized the gravity of her situation.
gravity = seriousness or importance (weightiness)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
hedonist
2 uses
I'm a hedonist when it comes to chocolate.
hedonist = someone most motivated by pleasures — often sensual pleasures
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
hideous
34 uses
The beast had hideous fangs.
hideous = extremely ugly, offensive, and/or frightening
Word Statistics
Book34 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
indifferent
13 uses
About a third are in favor of the change, a third are opposed, and a third are indifferent.
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest — in various senses such as:
  • unconcerned
  • unsympathetic
  • impartial
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
indolent
1 use
She never recovered from the indolence of her youth.
indolence = laziness
DefinitionGenerally this sense of indolent means:
lazy; disinclined to work
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
infinite
13 uses
There are infinite possibilities.
infinite = unlimited; without boundaries; or too numerous to count
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
lethargic
1 use
Large lunches make me feel lethargic in the afternoon.
lethargic = lacking energy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
mockery
17 uses
I will not permit the defendant to make a mockery of this trial.
mockery = something that is ridiculous
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library29 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
obscure
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
the view or directions are obscure
For some obscure reason that goes back many years, they don't like each other.
obscure = not clearly understood
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not clearly seen, understood, or expressed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
obsequious
1 use
In the film, Pretty Woman, Julia Roberts character loved being served by obsequious sales clerks.
obsequious = excessively eager to flatter or serve
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
penitent
1 use
When her anger passed, she was penitent.
penitent = sorry for having done wrong
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
petulant
3 uses
She stomped her foot like a petulant child.
petulant = unreasonably annoyed or upset
DefinitionGenerally petulant means:
unreasonably annoyed or upset

or:

easily annoyed or upset
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
querulous
1 use
He said it in a slightly querulous tone.
querulous = habitually complaining — especially in a high-pitched whiny voice
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
sanguine
1 use
She argues that we've been too sanguine about the challenge in inner city schools.
sanguine = confidently optimistic and cheerful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
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