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Metamorphosis

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
aggrieve
1 use
But his mother was to be punished still more for what she had done, as hardly had his sister arrived home in the evening than she noticed the change in Gregor's room and, highly aggrieved, ran back into the living room where, despite her mothers raised and imploring hands, she broke into convulsive tears.
aggrieved = upset (by bad treatment)
DefinitionGenerally aggrieve means:
feeling harmed by unfair treatment; or (more rarely) harming someone unfairly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
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caustic
1 use
some kind of caustic medicine splashed all over him;
caustic = harsh feeling (burning or corrosive)
DefinitionGenerally caustic means:
of a chemical substance:  corrosive; capable of destroying or eating away such as a strong acid

or:

of a person:  sarcastic, critical, or harsh
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 2
Web Links
compelling
1 use
...sucking greedily at the cheese which had immediately, almost compellingly, attracted him much more than the other foods on the newspaper.
compellingly = in a manner that could not be resisted
DefinitionGenerally compelling means:
very interesting; or convincing — possibly leading to action

or more rarely:  a force for action
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
construe
1 use
Gregor would sometimes catch a friendly comment, or at least a comment that could be construed as friendly.
construed = interpreted
DefinitionGenerally construe means:
to interpret (understand) something as have a specific meaning
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
contract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
legal contract
Maybe you haven't read the latest contracts I sent in.
contracts = legal agreements
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contract means:
an agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 1
Web Links
copious
1 use
his attention was suddenly caught by the picture ... of the lady dressed in copious fur.
copious = abundant (large)
DefinitionGenerally copious means:
abundant (large in quantity or number)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
deranged
1 use
His mother, who still had not had time to catch her breath, began to cough dully, her hand held out in front of her and a deranged expression in her eyes.
deranged = mentally imbalanced
DefinitionGenerally deranged means:
mentally imbalanced — often temporarily due to anger
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
Web Links
diligent
2 uses
once the difficulty has been removed, he will certainly work with all the more diligence and concentration.
diligence = hard work and care
DefinitionGenerally this sense of diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 2
Web Links
disconcerting
1 use
... asked the middle of the three gentlemen somewhat disconcerted,
disconcerted = disturbed or unsettled
DefinitionGenerally disconcerting means:
disrupt composure — such as to confuse or worry
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
Web Links
disheveled
1 use
Gregor's mother, her hair still dishevelled from bed despite the chief clerk's being there, looked at his father.
dishevelled = messy

(editor's note:  This is a British spelling. Americans use disheveled.)
DefinitionGenerally disheveled means:
messy (untidy or disordered) — especially of a person's clothes and hair
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1
Web Links
importune
1 use
Then, however much mother and sister would importune him with little reproaches and warnings he would keep slowly shaking his head for a quarter of an hour with his eyes closed and refusing to get up.
importune = beg persistently and urgently
DefinitionGenerally importune means:
beg insistently or urge repeatedly
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
Web Links
insistent
2 uses
...the others were being so insistent, and he was curious to learn what they would say when they caught sight of him. If they were shocked then it would no longer be Gregor's responsibility and he could rest.
insistent = demanding
DefinitionGenerally insistent means:
persistent or continuing or firm — especially in maintaining a view or demanding something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1
Web Links
melancholy
1 use
Her face was leant to one side, following the lines of music with a careful and melancholy expression.
melancholy = sad
DefinitionGenerally melancholy means:
a sad feeling or manner — sometimes thoughtfully sad
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
Web Links
monogram
1 use
He took his cap, with its gold monogram from, probably, some bank, and threw it in an arc right across the room onto the sofa,
monogram = design of alphabetic letters
DefinitionGenerally monogram means:
a design based on alphabetic letters (usually a person's initials) — often printed on stationery or embroidered (made with sewing stiches) on clothing
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
monotonous
1 use
Hearing these words from his mother made Gregor realise that the lack of any direct human communication, along with the monotonous life led by the family during these two months, must have made him confused - he could think of no other way of explaining to himself why he had seriously wanted his room emptied out.
monotonous = lacking in variety
DefinitionGenerally monotonous means:
lacking in variety — typically boring
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
provoke
1 use
Gregor remained all this time on the floor, largely because he feared his father might see it as especially provoking if he fled onto the wall or ceiling.
provoking = upsetting (causing an emotional reaction such as anger)
DefinitionGenerally provoke means:
to cause a reaction — typically an emotional reaction such as anger; and sometimes caused intentionally
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
resolve
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
Her resolve weakened.
Gregor went and waited immediately by the door, resolved either to bring the timorous visitor into the room in some way or at least to find out who it was;
resolved = having firmly decided
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
firmness of purpose (strong determination to do something)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st usePart 2
Web Links
simultaneous
1 use
Mr. and Mrs. Samsa were struck, almost simultaneously, with the thought of how their daughter was blossoming into a well built and beautiful young lady.
simultaneously = at the same time
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st usePart 3
Web Links
superfluous
1 use
For this reason, many things had become superfluous which, although they could not be sold, the family did not wish to discard.
superfluous = unnecessary
DefinitionGenerally superfluous means:
more than is needed, desired, or required
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
Web Links
timorous
1 use
Gregor went and waited immediately by the door, resolved either to bring the timorous visitor into the room in some way or at least to find out who it was;
timorous = timid
DefinitionGenerally timorous means:
timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
Web Links
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