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David Copperfield
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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capricious
5 uses
I dare say I am a capricious fellow, David.
capricious = impulsive and unpredictable
DefinitionGenerally capricious means:
impulsive or unpredictable or tending to make sudden changes — especially impulsive behavior
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19-21
Web Links
complacent
8 uses
Mr. Dick was so very complacent ... that I am sorry to say I was provoked into explaining to him that ruin meant distress, want, and starvation;
complacent = happily satisfied (too a fault)
DefinitionGenerally complacent means:
contented (unworried and satisfied) — often to a fault
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 34-36
Web Links
conciliatory
5 uses
He was so extremely conciliatory in his manner that he seemed to apologize to the very newspaper for taking the liberty of reading it.
conciliatory = a manner intended to avoid ill will with others
DefinitionGenerally conciliatory means:
intended to end bad feelings or build trust
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 22-24
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred to her wishes
I respectfully deferred to his opinion.
deferred = submitted (yielded)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
submit or yield (typically to another person's opinion because of respect for that person or their knowledge)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 25-27
Web Links
depravity
3 uses
They are a depraved, worthless set.
depraved = completely immoral
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 37-39
Web Links
diligent
4 uses
I never could have done what I have done, without the habits of punctuality, order, and diligence, without...
diligence = hard work and care
DefinitionGenerally diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 61-62
Web Links
disparage
9 uses
I found a great many foxes, disparaging whole vineyards of inaccessible grapes;
disparaging = criticizing or making seem less important

(editor's note:  this references Aesop's fable in which a fox cannot reach a bunch of grapes and so declares that they are not worth having anyway.)
DefinitionGenerally disparage means:
to criticize or make seem less important — especially in a disrespectful or contemptuous manner
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 7-9
Web Links
expedient
9 uses
he seemed relieved by this expedient of the partnership, though at the same time he seemed hurt by it and ashamed of it.
expedient = a practical action
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4-6
Web Links
fallacious
3 uses
This was small consolation, but Miss Mills wouldn't encourage fallacious hopes.
fallacious = mistaken (based on incorrect information or belief)
DefinitionGenerally fallacious means:
not correct
  • typically describing something as mistaken due to incorrect information or belief
  • sometimes describing something as an intentional lie
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 28-30
Web Links
guile
1 use
I am glad to think there were two such guileless hearts at Peggotty's marriage as little Em'ly's and mine.
guileless = innocent — without cunning (shrewdness, cleverness) or deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10-12
Web Links
novel
1 use
To have all those noble Romans alive before me, and walking in and out for my entertainment, instead of being the stern taskmasters they had been at school, was a most novel and delightful effect.
novel = new and original
DefinitionGenerally this sense of novel means:
new and original — typically something considered good
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 19-21
Web Links
obscure   (4 meanings)
4 meanings, 8 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
it obscured my view
The light in the passage was obscured for a moment, and my aunt came out.
obscured = blocked (so it was less visible)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
to block from view or make less visible or understandable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 46-48
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
the view or directions are obscure
Some future traveller, visiting, from motives of curiosity, not unmingled, let us hope, with sympathy, the place of confinement allotted to debtors in this city, may, and I trust will, Ponder, as he traces on its wall, inscribed with a rusty nail, "The obscure initials, 'W. M.'"
obscure = mysterious (not understanding what the initials stand for)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not clearly seen, understood, or expressed
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 34-36
Web Links
3  —3 uses as in:
knows the famous and the obscure
'Hide yourself,' she pursued, 'if not at home, somewhere.  Let it be somewhere beyond reach; in some obscure life...'
obscure = not known to many people and not attracting notice
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not known to many people; or unimportant or undistinguished
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 10-12
Web Links
4  —1 use as in:
was obscure, but now bright
He was a sober, steady-looking young man of retiring manners, with a comic head of hair, and eyes that were rather wide open; and he got into an obscure corner so soon, that I had some difficulty in making him out.
obscure = dark
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
dark or dingy; or inconspicuous (not very noticeable)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 25-27
Web Links
ostentatious
2 uses
[The knife which] was about a foot long; and which he wiped, not wholly without ostentation, on the sleeve of his coat.
ostentation = intended to attract notice and impress others
DefinitionGenerally ostentatious means:
intended to attract notice and impress others — especially with wealth in a vulgar way
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 34-36
Web Links
prosaic
2 uses
'Just so,' said Mrs. Micawber, 'my dear Mr. Traddles, I wish to be as prosaic and literal as possible on a subject of so much importance.'
prosaic = plain speaking (lacking anything unusual, interesting, or challenging)
DefinitionGenerally prosaic means:
lacking anything unusual, interesting, or challenging
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 34-36
Web Links
trepidation
3 uses
I was by this time in a state of such excessive trepidation and wandering of mind, as to be quite unable to fix my attention on anything.
trepidation = fear or anxiety
DefinitionGenerally trepidation means:
fear or anxiety about what will happen
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 25-27
Web Links
venerate
9 uses
he had a profound veneration for my abilities
veneration = feelings of respect and reverence
DefinitionGenerally venerate means:
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4-6
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
He zealously undertook to do so,
zealously = enthusiastically
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 55-57
Web Links
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