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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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benevolent
2 uses
I must go, he said softly and benevolently,
benevolently = kindly
DefinitionGenerally benevolent means:
kind, generous, or charitable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
cease
15 uses
His soul, stifling and helpless, would cease to be.
cease = to stop or discontinue
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
certitude
3 uses
The clear certitude of his own immunity grew dim and to it succeeded a vague fear that his soul had really fallen unawares.†
certitude = certainty
DefinitionGenerally certitude means:
total certainty or (more rarely) something that is certain to happen
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
clergy
2 uses
The church is not the stone building nor even the clergy and their dogmas.
clergy = formal religious leaders (typically in Christianity)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
complacent
1 use
I don't know, I'm sure, said Mr Dedalus, smiling complacently.
complacently = in a satisfied manner — without any concern
DefinitionGenerally complacent means:
contented (unworried and satisfied) — often to a fault
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
He was impatient of their voices and could not keep his feet at rest. But the teller still deferred the serving of
others...
deferred = postponed (held off)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Instead the vital wave had carried him on its bosom out of himself and back again when it receded: and no part of body or soul had been maimed but a dark peace had been established between them.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
grave
11 uses
It was a grave and ordered and passionless life that awaited him, a life without material cares.
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

The exact meaning of this sense of grave is often subject to its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad (with a heavy heart)
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — sincere and dignified without humor
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
guile
2 uses
her young blue eyes seemed to him at that instant images of guilelessness,
guilelessness = openness (lack of cunning; i.e., not deceitful or shrewd)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
indifferent
7 uses
a cold indifferent knowledge of himself
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest — in various senses such as:
  • unconcerned
  • unsympathetic
  • impartial
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
kinetic
3 uses
The feelings excited by improper art are kinetic, desire or loathing.†
kinetic = characterized by motion
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
loathe
10 uses
Desire urges us to possess, to go to something; loathing urges us to abandon, to go from something.
loathing = disgust or intense dislike
DefinitionGenerally loathe means:
detest or intensely dislike
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
mockery
13 uses
The catcalls and hisses and mocking cries ran in rude gusts round the hall from his scattered fellow students.
mocking = ridiculing (making fun of)
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library29 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
parley
4 uses
History was all about those men and what they did and that was what Peter Parley's Tales about Greece and Rome were all about.†
parley = a negotiation or discussion — especially between enemies
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
peasant
13 uses
peasants greeted them along the roads in the country;
peasants = people of low income, education, and social standing — especially those who raise crops or livestock

(editor's note:  The term, peasants is seldom used today except perhaps in relation to a very poor country.)
DefinitionGenerally peasant means:
used historically or possibly in relation to a very poor country:  a person of low income, education, and social standing — especially one who raises crops or livestock
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
prudent
3 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
prudence = good sense

(editor's note:  zeal is enthusiasm)
DefinitionGenerally prudent means:
sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
revere
3 uses
He listened in reverent silence now to the priest's appeal
reverent = with feelings of deep respect, wonder and awe
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
torment
21 uses
Consider finally that the torment of this infernal prison is increased by the company of the damned themselves.
torment = great suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
venerate
1 use
a symbol behind which are massed twenty centuries of authority and veneration.
veneration = feelings of respect and reverence
DefinitionGenerally venerate means:
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
zeal = enthusiasm

(editor's note:  prudence is the use of good sense)
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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