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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
allay
2 uses
This furious music allayed his dread and, leaning against the windowledge, he let his eyelids close again.†
allayed = reduced the intensity of or calmed
DefinitionGenerally allay means:
reduce the intensity of or calm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
arbitration
1 use
MacCann began to speak with fluent energy of the Tsar's rescript, of Stead, of general disarmament arbitration in cases of international disputes, of the signs of the times, of the new humanity and the new gospel of life which would make it the business of the community to secure as cheaply as possible the greatest possible happiness of the greatest possible number.
arbitration = an official process of solving a disagreement with the help of an impartial referee
DefinitionGenerally arbitration means:
the process of solving a disagreement with the help of an impartial referee
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
cease
17 uses
His soul, stifling and helpless, would cease to be.
cease = stop or discontinue
DefinitionGenerally cease means:
to stop or discontinue
Word Statistics
Book17 uses
Library26 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
clergy
2 uses
The church is not the stone building nor even the clergy and their dogmas.
clergy = formal religious leaders (typically in Christianity)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
defer
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
deferred the decision
He was impatient of their voices and could not keep his feet at rest. But the teller still deferred the serving of
others...
deferred = postponed (held off)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
delay or postpone (hold off until a later time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Instead the vital wave had carried him on its bosom out of himself and back again when it receded: and no part of body or soul had been maimed but a dark peace had been established between them.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
grave
11 uses
It was a grave and ordered and passionless life that awaited him, a life without material cares.
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
guile
2 uses
her young blue eyes seemed to him at that instant images of guilelessness,
guilelessness = openness (lack of cunning; i.e., not deceitful or shrewd)

(Editor's note:  The suffix "-lessness" in guilelessness means in a state without. This is the same pattern you see in words like fearlessness, powerlessness, and harmlessness.)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
indifferent
7 uses
a cold indifferent knowledge of himself
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
loathe
10 uses
Desire urges us to possess, to go to something; loathing urges us to abandon, to go from something.
loathing = disgust or intense dislike
DefinitionGenerally loathe means:
hate, detest, or intensely dislike
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
midwife
1 use
Nothing but midwifery cases.
midwifery = the profession of assisting women in childbirth
DefinitionGenerally midwife means:
a non-doctor who practices the profession of assisting women in childbirth; or to assist in childbirth

or:

someone who helps bring something into existence; or the act of helping to bring something into existence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
mock
13 uses
The catcalls and hisses and mocking cries ran in rude gusts round the hall from his scattered fellow students.
mocking = ridiculing (making fun of)
DefinitionGenerally mock means:
making fun of

or:

not real
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
obscure   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —1 use as in:
it obscured my view
A dusk like that of the outer world obscured his mind as he heard the mare's hoofs clattering along the tramtrack on the Rock Road and the great can swaying and rattling behind him.
obscured = clouded (made less clear)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
to block from view or make less visible or understandable
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
the view or directions are obscure
He would know obscure things, hidden from others,
obscure = mysterious (hard for others to understand)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not clearly seen, understood, or expressed
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
peasant
13 uses
peasants greeted them along the roads in the country;
peasants = people of low income, education, and social standing — especially those who raise crops or livestock

(editor's note:  The term, peasants is seldom used today except perhaps in relation to a very poor country.)
DefinitionGenerally peasant means:
used historically or possibly in relation to a very poor country:  a person of low income, education, and social standing — especially one who raises crops or livestock
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
prodigal
1 use
Stephen looked at the English convert with the same eyes as the elder brother in the parable may have turned on the prodigal.
prodigal = the person, in the commonly referenced Christian parable, The Prodigal Son

Editor's notes:
  • A parable is a story told to teach a moral lesson.
  • The Prodigal Son is a parable about extreme forgiveness.
  • In the story, a younger son is forgiven by his father, but his elder brother is less forgiving.
  • This is a common usage of prodigal; though it more generally refers to anyone (not just The Prodigal Son) who is recklessly wasteful; or perhaps long absent.
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
prudent
2 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
prudence = good sense

(editor's note:  zeal is enthusiasm)
DefinitionGenerally prudent means:
sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
revere
3 uses
He listened in reverent silence now to the priest's appeal
reverent = with feelings of deep respect, wonder and awe
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
torment
23 uses
Consider finally that the torment of this infernal prison is increased by the company of the damned themselves.
torment = great suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library17 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
zeal = enthusiasm

(editor's note:  prudence is the use of good sense)
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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