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A Christmas Carol

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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avarice
2 uses
His face had not the harsh and rigid lines of later years; but it had begun to wear the signs of care and avarice.
avarice = greed
DefinitionGenerally avarice means:
excessive desire for wealth
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Book2 uses
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1st useChapter 2
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bereft
1 use
A pale light, rising in the outer air, fell straight upon the bed; and on it, plundered and bereft, unwatched, unwept, uncared for, was the body of this man.
bereft = sad for something lacking
DefinitionGenerally bereft means:
lacking something that is desired

or:

suffered great sadness because of loss or lack of something expected or strongly desired

or:

deprived (taken away something that is desired)
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1st useChapter 4
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blithe
3 uses
And Scrooge said often afterwards, that of all the blithe sounds he had ever heard...
blithe = carefree and happy
DefinitionGenerally blithe means:
carefree and happy — often unaware of or ignoring something that should be of concern
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
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capacious
3 uses
adjusted his capacious waistcoat
capacious = large
DefinitionGenerally capacious means:
large in capacity
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
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caustic
1 use
"How now!" said Scrooge, caustic and cold as ever. "What do you want with me?"
caustic = critical or harsh
DefinitionGenerally caustic means:
of a chemical substance:  corrosive; capable of destroying or eating away such as a strong acid

or:

of a person:  sarcastic, critical, or harsh
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1st useChapter 1
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comprehensive
2 uses
The dealings of my trade were but a drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!
comprehensive = large in scope
DefinitionGenerally comprehensive means:
large in scope; or including everything or everything important
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1st useChapter 1
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conducive
1 use
[When the ghost told Scrooge it had come for his welfare]  Scrooge expressed himself much obliged, but could not help thinking that a night of unbroken rest would have been more conducive to that end.
conducive = helpful (to a result)
DefinitionGenerally conducive means:
contribute (help lead to a result)
Word Statistics
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1st useChapter 2
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constrained
1 use
Its dark brown curls were long and free; free as its genial face, its sparkling eye, its open hand, its cheery voice, its unconstrained demeanour, and its joyful air.
unconstrained = spontaneous

(Editor's note:  The prefix "un-" in unconstrained means not and reverses the meaning of constrained. This is the same pattern you see in words like unhappy, unknown, and unlucky.)
DefinitionGenerally constrained means:
restricted; or lacking spontaneity
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1st useChapter 3
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destitute
1 use
"At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge," said the gentleman, taking up a pen, "it is more than usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the Poor and destitute, who suffer greatly at the present time."
destitute = extremely poor
DefinitionGenerally destitute means:
extremely poor; or lacking the necessities of life such as food and shelter

The expression "destitute of" means:  lacking
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1st useChapter 1
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dominion
1 use
Oh cold, cold, rigid, dreadful Death, set up thine altar here, and dress it with such terrors as thou hast at thy command: for this is thy dominion!
dominion = region where one rules
DefinitionGenerally dominion means:
dominance or power over others; or a region so dominated
Word Statistics
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1st useChapter 4
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forbearance
2 uses
The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence, were, all, my business.
forbearance = good natured tolerance and restraint
DefinitionGenerally forbearance means:
refraining (holding back) from acting

or:

patience, tolerance, or self-control
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
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foreshadow
1 use
"Men's courses will foreshadow certain ends, to which, if persevered in, they must lead," said Scrooge.
foreshadow = be signs of (future events)
DefinitionGenerally foreshadow means:
to be a sign of future events
Word Statistics
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1st useChapter 4
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fraught
1 use
That which promised happiness when we were one in heart, is fraught with misery now that we are two.
fraught = full (of something negative)
DefinitionGenerally fraught means:
full of negative things; or marked by or causing distress
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1st useChapter 2
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latent
2 uses
But nothing doubting that they had some latent moral for his own improvement, he resolved to treasure up every word he heard, and everything he saw;
latent = existing but not presently evident
DefinitionGenerally latent means:
potentially existing but not presently evident or active
Word Statistics
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
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notwithstanding
3 uses
[After Scrooge was rude]  His nephew left the room without an angry word, notwithstanding.
notwithstanding = despite what just happened (in this case, even though Scrooge was rude to his nephew, the nephew did not express an angry word.)
DefinitionGenerally notwithstanding means:
in spite of; or in spite of the thing mentioned
(Used to connect contrasting ideas. Other synonyms could include words and phrases such as nevertheless, nonetheless, all the same, still,  and however.)
Word Statistics
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
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odious
2 uses
"It should be Christmas Day, I am sure," said she, "on which one drinks the health of such an odious, stingy, hard, unfeeling man as Mr. Scrooge."
odious = extremely unpleasant or dislikable
DefinitionGenerally odious means:
extremely unpleasant, disgusting, dislikable, or worthy of hate
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1st useChapter 3
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resolution
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a New Year's resolution
It gave him little surprise, however; for he had been revolving in his mind a change of life, and thought and hoped he saw his new-born resolutions carried out in this.
resolutions = decisions
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolution means:
a firm decision to do something
Word Statistics
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 4
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supposition
2 uses
Suppose somebody should have got over the wall of the back-yard, and stolen it, while they were merry with the goose—a supposition at which the two young Cratchits became livid!
supposition = something put forth to believe as possible
DefinitionGenerally supposition means:
something supposed (rather than something known to be so) — especially when others doubt that reality
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
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trifle   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a trifling matter
No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle, no children asked him what it was o'clock, no man or woman ever once in all his life inquired the way to such and such a place, of Scrooge.
trifle = small amount
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle means:
something of small importance; or a small quantity
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
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2  —1 use as in:
trifle with her affections
...people who were not to be trifled with;
trifled with = treated thoughtlessly
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle with means:
to treat somebody or something thoughtlessly or without respect
Word Statistics
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Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
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