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Twelfth Night
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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austere
1 use
He took a vow of silence and leads an austere life at the monastery.
austere = lacking luxury (and stern)
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 2.5
Web Links
bestow
5 uses
They gave her the highest honor they can bestow.
bestow = give (as an honor)
DefinitionGenerally bestow means:
to give — typically to present as an honor or give as a gift
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.4
Web Links
cunning
5 uses
She came up with a cunning scheme to cheat him.
cunning = cleverly tricky
DefinitionGenerally cunning means:
being good at achieving goals through cleverness and trickery
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.5
Web Links
dissemble
3 uses
The news is bad, but the company spokesperson is doing what she can to change the subject and dissemble.
dissemble = deceive (hide or disguise the truth without outright lying)
DefinitionGenerally dissemble means:
to deceive (hide or disguise the truth without outright lying)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
entreat
3 uses
She flattered and entreated him until he agreed to help.
entreated = asked or attempted to persuade
DefinitionGenerally entreat means:
to ask or attempt to persuade — especially while trying hard to overcome resistance
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.4
Web Links
forbearance
1 use
She recommended regulatory forbearance while the banks repair their balance sheets.
forbearance = refraining (holding back) from acting
DefinitionGenerally forbearance means:
refraining (holding back) from acting

or:

patience, tolerance, or self-control
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
impetuous
1 use
She regretted her impetuous promise.
impetuous = impulsive (made suddenly without much thought)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impetuous means:
impulsive (acting suddenly without much thought) — often with an unfortunate consequence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.4
Web Links
laudable
1 use
I appreciate his laudable efforts to save the environment.
laudable = worthy of high praise
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
malicious
2 uses
I am not interested in hearing malicious gossip.
malicious = evil; or made with the intent to make others suffer
DefinitionGenerally malicious means:
wanting to see others suffer; or threatening evil
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 1.5
Web Links
melancholy
4 uses
Since her dog died she's been in a melancholy mood.
melancholy = very sad
DefinitionGenerally melancholy means:
a sad feeling or manner — sometimes thoughtfully sad
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.4
Web Links
mitigate
1 use
Don't judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
mitigating = making less harmful or unpleasant
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 2.3
Web Links
notorious
4 uses
He was a notorious drug dealer.
notorious = well known for something bad
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.2
Web Links
passage
1 use
Each passage below is followed by a number of questions.
passage = a short part of a longer written work
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
perspective
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a perspective of the entire block
The penthouse window gives a perspective on half the city.
perspective = view
DefinitionGenerally this sense of perspective means:
a view — often stressing that the view is different from a view from another location
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
prodigal
1 use
The rainforest is filled with a prodigal variety of vegetation.
prodigal = abundant (many, many kinds)
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
reprove
3 uses
She's the kind of boss who reproves in private and praises in public.
reproves = criticizes
DefinitionGenerally reprove means:
to express disapproval of one's actions to them
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.4
Web Links
rogue
7 uses
South Korea is always mindful of its rogue neighbor to the north.
rogue = not normal and dangerous
DefinitionGenerally rogue means:
not normal and dangerous

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.5
Web Links
usurp
3 uses
The lawsuit claims that the Federal Government is usurping rights reserved by the Constitution for state governments.
usurping = seizing or taking control without authority
DefinitionGenerally usurp means:
seize or take control without authority
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
valor
8 uses
She received a medal for valor.
valor = courage (exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger — especially in battle)
DefinitionGenerally valor means:
exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger — especially in battle
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
yield
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
will yield valuable data
The discovery could yield a more effective treatment for diabetes.
yield = produce (lead to)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
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