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The Tempest
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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acquisition
1 use
Then, as my gift and thine own acquisition Worthily purchas'd, take my daughter: but If thou dost break her virgin knot before All sanctimonious ceremonies may With full and holy rite be minister'd, No sweet aspersion shall the heavens let fall To make this contract grow; but barren hate, Sour-ey'd disdain, and discord, shall bestrew The union of your bed with weeds so loathly That you shall hate it both: therefore take heed, As Hymen's lamps shall light you.†
acquisition = obtaining; or possession
DefinitionGenerally acquisition means:
obtaining possession of something; or the thing possessed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
besiege
1 use
...the King's ship; now on the beak, Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, I flam'd amazement; sometime I'd divide, And burn in many places; on the topmast, The yards, and boresprit, would I flame distinctly, Then meet and join: Jove's lightning, the precursors O' th' dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary And sight-outrunning were not: the fire and cracks Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune Seem to besiege and make his bold waves tremble, Yea, his dread trident shake.†
besiege = surround and cut-off supplies; or overwhelm
DefinitionGenerally besiege means:
to surround with armed forces, and cut-off supplies or attack

or:

to make an overwhelming number of requests, complaints, or comments — typically in an annoying manner and sometimes while surrounding
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
chastise
1 use
I am afraid He will chastise me.†
chastise = to scold or criticize
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
chide
1 use
One word more Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee.†
chide = scold or criticize
DefinitionGenerally chide means:
to tell someone they have done wrong — sometimes in a gentle way to encourage better behavior
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
chronicle
1 use
No more yet of this; For 'tis a chronicle of day by day, Not a relation for a breakfast nor Befitting this first meeting.†
chronicle = a record of events (typically written) or the act of recording or telling of the events
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
contract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
legal contract
A contract of true love
contract = agreement
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contract means:
an agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
enjoin
1 use
Alas! now pray you, Work not so hard: I would the lightning had Burnt up those logs that you are enjoin'd to pile!†
enjoin'd = to command someone to do (or not do) something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
exeunt
12 uses
[Exeunt SEBASTIAN and ANTONIO]
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
grave
1 use
All hail, great master! Grave sir, hail!
grave = respected or important (weighty)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
homage
2 uses
Me, poor man—my library Was dukedom large enough: of temporal royalties He thinks me now incapable; confederates,— So dry he was for sway,—wi' th' King of Naples To give him annual tribute, do him homage; Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend The dukedom, yet unbow'd—alas, poor Milan!†
homage = respect or loyalty
DefinitionGenerally homage means:
respect or loyalty; or something done to show respect or loyalty
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
insolent
1 use
...insolent noisemaker, we are less afraid to be drowned than thou art.
insolent = rudely disrespectful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
liberal arts
1 use
—he, whom next thyself, Of all the world I lov'd, and to him put The manage of my state; as at that time Through all the signories it was the first, And Prospero the prime duke, being so reputed In dignity, and for the liberal arts, Without a parallel: those being all my study, The government I cast upon my brother, And to my state grew stranger, being transported And rapt in secret studies.†
liberal arts = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
DefinitionGenerally liberal arts means:
studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
magistrate
1 use
I' the commonwealth I would by contraries Execute all things; for no kind of traffic Would I admit; no name of magistrate; Letters should not be known; riches, poverty, And use of service, none; contract, succession, Bourn, bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none; No use of metal, corn, or wine, or oil; No occupation; all men idle, all: And women too, but innocent and pure; No sovereignty,— SEBASTIAN.†
magistrate = judicial official
DefinitionGenerally magistrate means:
a judge or judicial official
The exact meaning of magistrate varies widely depending upon the context. For example:
  • in the U.S. federal court:  assists district court judges by handling minor offenses or administrative tasks such as preliminary hearings (often referred to as a magistrate judge rather than just a magistrate)
  • in some U.S. states:  a judge in the state court
  • in France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and other civil law countries:  a sitting magistrate is a judge and a standing magistrate is a prosecutor
  • in England:  may be a volunteer without formal legal training who performs a judicial role with regard to minor matters
  • in ancient Rome:  a powerful officer with both judicial and executive power
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
mockery
4 uses
Lo, how he mocks me!
mocks = makes fun of
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
paragon
1 use
Tunis was never graced before with such a paragon to their queen.
paragon = an ideal instance
DefinitionGenerally paragon means:
an ideal instance; or model of excellence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
penitent
1 use
they being penitent,
penitent = feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
resignation
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
accepted it with resignation
Thy dukedom I resign
resign = surrender (accept defeat as unavoidable)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resignation means:
acceptance of something undesired as unavoidable or the lesser of evils
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
solemn
5 uses
The solemn temples
solemn = serious and dignified
DefinitionGenerally solemn means:
very serious—and often dignified
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
torment
8 uses
Do not torment me:
torment = cause great mental or physical suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.2
Web Links
usurp
1 use
Thou dost here usurp the name thou ownest not;
usurp = seize or take control without authority
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
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