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The Tempest

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

instructions
acquisition
1 use
Then, as my gift and thine own acquisition Worthily purchas'd, take my daughter: but If thou dost break her virgin knot before All sanctimonious ceremonies may With full and holy rite be minister'd, No sweet aspersion shall the heavens let fall To make this contract grow; but barren hate, Sour-ey'd disdain, and discord, shall bestrew The union of your bed with weeds so loathly That you shall hate it both: therefore take heed, As Hymen's lamps shall light you.†
acquisition = obtaining; or possession
DefinitionGenerally acquisition means:
obtaining possession of something; or the thing possessed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
besiege
1 use
...the King's ship; now on the beak, Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, I flam'd amazement; sometime I'd divide, And burn in many places; on the topmast, The yards, and boresprit, would I flame distinctly, Then meet and join: Jove's lightning, the precursors O' th' dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary And sight-outrunning were not: the fire and cracks Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune Seem to besiege and make his bold waves tremble, Yea, his dread trident shake.†
besiege = surround and cut-off supplies; or overwhelm
DefinitionGenerally besiege means:
to surround with armed forces, and cut-off supplies or attack

or:

to make an overwhelming number of requests, complaints, or comments — typically in an annoying manner and sometimes while surrounding
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
chastise
1 use
I am afraid He will chastise me.†
chastise = to scold or criticize
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
chide
1 use
One word more Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee.†
chide = scold or criticize
DefinitionGenerally chide means:
to tell someone they have done wrong — sometimes in a gentle way to encourage better behavior
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
contract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
legal contract
A contract of true love
contract = agreement
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contract means:
an agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
detract
1 use
His forward voice now is to speak well of his friend; his backward voice is to utter foul speeches, and to detract.†
detract = to diminish (reduce the value of something)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.2
Web Links
entreat
1 use
Thy dukedom I resign, and do entreat
Thou pardon me my wrongs.
entreat = ask
DefinitionGenerally entreat means:
to ask — especially while trying hard to overcome resistance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
exeunt
12 uses
[Exeunt SEBASTIAN and ANTONIO]
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
grave
1 use
All hail, great master! Grave sir, hail!
grave = respected or important (weighty)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
homage
2 uses
Me, poor man—my library Was dukedom large enough: of temporal royalties He thinks me now incapable; confederates,— So dry he was for sway,—wi' th' King of Naples To give him annual tribute, do him homage; Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend The dukedom, yet unbow'd—alas, poor Milan!†
homage = respect or loyalty
DefinitionGenerally homage means:
respect or loyalty; or something done to show respect or loyalty
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
insolent
1 use
...insolent noisemaker, we are less afraid to be drowned than thou art.
insolent = rudely disrespectful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
liberal arts
1 use
—he, whom next thyself, Of all the world I lov'd, and to him put The manage of my state; as at that time Through all the signories it was the first, And Prospero the prime duke, being so reputed In dignity, and for the liberal arts, Without a parallel: those being all my study, The government I cast upon my brother, And to my state grew stranger, being transported And rapt in secret studies.†
liberal arts = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
DefinitionGenerally liberal arts means:
studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
mitigate
1 use
Thou, my slave, As thou report'st thyself, wast then her servant: And, for thou wast a spirit too delicate To act her earthy and abhorr'd commands, Refusing her grand hests, she did confine thee, By help of her more potent ministers, And in her most unmitigable rage, Into a cloven pine; within which rift Imprison'd, thou didst painfully remain A dozen years; within which space she died, And left thee there, where thou didst vent thy groans As fast as mill-wheels strike.†
unmitigable = not able to make less harmful or unpleasant

(Editor's note:  The prefix "un-" in unmitigable means not and reverses the meaning of mitigable. This is the same pattern you see in words like unhappy, unknown, and unlucky. Note that the root word mitigate first received the suffix "-able" to mean "able to mitigate." Finally the prefix "im-" was added to mean "in a manner that is unable to be mitigated.")
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
mockery
4 uses
Lo, how he mocks me!
mocks = makes fun of
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
penitent
1 use
they being penitent,
penitent = feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
rectify
1 use
  This is as strange a maze as e'er men trod;
  And there is in this business more than nature
  Was ever conduct of: some oracle
  Must rectify our knowledge.
rectify = correct
DefinitionGenerally this sense of rectify means:
correct, fix, or make right
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
resignation
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
accepted it with resignation
Thy dukedom I resign
resign = surrender (accept defeat as unavoidable)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resignation means:
acceptance of something undesired as unavoidable or the lesser of evils
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
solemn
5 uses
The solemn temples
solemn = serious and dignified
DefinitionGenerally solemn means:
very serious—and often dignified
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library24 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
torment
8 uses
Do not torment me:
torment = cause great mental or physical suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library20 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.2
Web Links
usurp
1 use
Thou dost here usurp the name thou ownest not;
usurp = seize or take control without authority
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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