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Othello, the Moor of Venice
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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affinity
1 use
the Moor replies that he you hurt is of great fame in Cyprus and great affinity
affinity = has a natural attraction
DefinitionGenerally affinity means:
a natural attraction or feeling of kinship
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
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alacrity
1 use
A natural and prompt alacrity I find in hardness;
alacrity = rising to the occasion (liveliness and eagerness)

(editor's note:  No Fear Shakespeare re-words this line as "I rise to the occasion when faced with difficulties.")
DefinitionGenerally alacrity means:
quickness; and/or cheerful eagerness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
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castigate
1 use
Much castigation,
castigation = severe criticism
DefinitionGenerally castigate means:
to criticize severely
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.4
Web Links
edify
1 use
Can you inquire him out, and be edified by report?
edified = instructed
DefinitionGenerally edify means:
to instruct — morally or intellectually
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.4
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equivocal
1 use
These sentences, to sugar or to gall,
Being strong on both sides, are equivocal:
equivocal = unclear in meaning — especially where opposing interpretations are reasonable
DefinitionGenerally equivocal means:
unclear in meaning — especially where opposing interpretations are reasonable (sometimes intentionally)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
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exeunt
23 uses
Exeunt Othello and Desdemona.
exeunt = exit from stage (a stage direction)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of exeunt means:
stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book23 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
importune
3 uses
go and importune her.
importune = beg persistently and urgently
DefinitionGenerally importune means:
beg insistently or urge repeatedly
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
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impute
1 use
...But yet, I say,
If imputation and strong circumstances,
Which lead directly to the door of truth,
Will give you satisfaction, you may have't.
imputation = attribute this to; or believe the cause is
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impute means:
attribute (to say one thing is the cause of another—often to blame and often wrongly)

or:

believe something to have a characteristic; or assign a value to something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.3
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incorrigible
1 use
...the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our wills.
corrigible = correctable

(editor's note:  Corrigible is much more commonly seen with the prefix in- so that the meaning becomes "not correctable." The prefix has the same effect on many words such as complete and dependent.)
DefinitionGenerally incorrigible means:
unresponsive to correction (even by punishment)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
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insolent
1 use
...being taken by the insolent foe,
insolent = rudely disrespectful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
languish
1 use
a man that languishes in your displeasure.
languishes = suffers in a bad situation for a long time
DefinitionGenerally languish means:
to suffer in a bad situation for a long time
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.3
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lethargic
1 use
The lethargy must have his quiet course:
lethargy = a state with a lack of energy
DefinitionGenerally lethargic means:
lacking energy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
obscure
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
the view or directions are obscure
Lechery, by this hand; an index and obscure prologue to the history of lust and foul thoughts.
obscure = not clearly seen (secretive)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
not clearly seen, understood, or expressed
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
obsequious
1 use
Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave
That, doting on his own obsequious bondage,
Wears out his time, much like...
obsequious = excessively eager to flatter or serve

(editor's note:  No ear Shakespeare paraphrases this as "...all the devoted servants who work for their masters their whole lives...")
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
penitent
1 use
he's penitent
penitent = feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.3
Web Links
portent
1 use
These are portents; but yet I hope, I hope, They do not point on me.
portents = signs of something about to happen
DefinitionGenerally portent means:
a sign of something about to happen
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.2
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ruminate
1 use
I pr'ythee, speak to me as to thy thinkings
As thou dost ruminate; and give thy worst of thoughts
The worst of words.
ruminate = think (perhaps think again and again)
DefinitionGenerally ruminate means:
to think again and again about something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.3
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scanty
2 uses
And heaven defend your good souls, that you think I will your serious and great business scant For she is with me:
scant = small in amount — often inadequate

or:

of clothes:  barely covering the area on which they are worn
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
tedious
2 uses
It were a tedious difficulty, I think, to bring them to that prospect:
tedious = boring or monotonous
DefinitionGenerally tedious means:
boring — especially because something goes on too long or without variation
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.3
Web Links
timorous
1 use
Do, with like timorous accent and dire yell,
As when, by night and negligence, the fire Is spied in populous cities.
timorous = fearful
DefinitionGenerally timorous means:
timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
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