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The Merchant of Venice

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

instructions
abject
1 use
As the world grows more affluent, our definition of abject poverty changes.
abject = extreme
DefinitionGenerally abject means:
extreme (in a negative sense such as misery, hopelessness, submissiveness, cruelty, or cowardice)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
attribute
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
It is an attribute of...
The spreadsheet has a column to describe the breed of dog and then ten additional columns to indicate attributes of the breeds. For example the second column has the average full-grown weight.
attributes = characteristics
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
a characteristic (of something or someone)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
bound   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
bound together
The pieces of bread are moistened and bound together with eggs and a small amount of flour.
bound = held together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bound means:
held together (connected or united) or wrapped
The exact meaning of this sense of bound is subject to its context. For example:
  • "The pages of the book are bound with glue." — held together physically
  • "The book is bound in leather." — wrapped or covered
  • "The United States and England are bound together by a common language." — connected or united (tied together metaphorically)
  • "She cleaned the wound and bound it with fresh bandages." — wrapped
  • "She is wheelchair-bound." — connected (moves with a wheelchair because she is unable to walk)
  • "The jacket has bound buttonholes." — edges wrapped by fabric or trim rather than stitches
  • "She's the one in the bound-edge hat." — where the edge of the hat is wrapped in a decorative material.
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
I can't/must. I'm bound by...
The suspect sat in the cell with her wrists bound by rope.
bound = tied together
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bound means:
to be constrained in some way — such as tied up, prevented, required, or obligated
The exact meaning of this sense of bound is subject to its context. For example:
  • "Her wrists were bound." — tied up
  • "I am bound by my word." — required or obligated (in this case to keep a promise)
  • "It is a binding contract." — must be obeyed (The people who signed the contract are legally required to do what it says or suffer legal penalties.)
  • "He is muscle bound." — prevented from moving easily (due to having such large, tight muscles)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
eloquent
1 use
Her eloquence is unquestioned even amongst those who disagree with her.
eloquence = powerful use of language
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
exeunt
26 uses
Exeunt all except Hamlet.
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
fawn
1 use
She fawns all over her children.
fawns = shows excessive flattery or affection
DefinitionGenerally this sense of fawn means:
showing excessive flattery or affection
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
guile
1 use
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
heresy
1 use
It is a hardline form of Sunni Islam that condemns all other strains as heresy.
heresy = something immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.9
Web Links
impute
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
imputed the outburst to stress
Her critics impute a more cynical motive.
impute = attribute (say something is caused by)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impute means:
attribute (to say one thing is the cause of another—often to blame and often wrongly)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
knell
1 use
The poll should be interpreted as the death knell of her campaign.
knell = the sound of a bell rung slowly — especially to announce death or a funeral
DefinitionGenerally knell means:
the sound of a bell rung slowly — especially to announce death or a funeral

or:

announcing the demise or end of something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
mitigate
1 use
Don't judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
mitigating = serving to make less harmful or unpleasant
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
prodigal
5 uses
The rainforest is filled with a prodigal variety of vegetation.
prodigal = abundant (many, many kinds)
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
prosper
1 use
She is prospering at school.
prospering = doing well
DefinitionGenerally prosper means:
to do well or to grow stronger
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
ratify
1 use
The President already signed the treaty, but it won't take effect unless the Senate ratifies it.
ratifies = approves
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
repentance
4 uses
Prisoners who show repentance are more likely to be released on parole.
repentance = regret for having done wrong with a desire to be a better person in the future
DefinitionGenerally repentance means:
the feeling or expression of regret for having done something wrong with a firm decision to be a better person in the future
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
rigorous
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a rigorous math class
The class was equally interesting and rigorous.
rigorous = difficult and demanding
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 2000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
slander
1 use
In the United States, it is extremely difficult for someone famous to win a slander lawsuit—almost no matter what is said.
slander = telling lies that damage the reputation of another
DefinitionGenerally slander means:
lie to damage the reputation of another; or the lies told
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
tedious
3 uses
I'll have to endure one of her tedious lectures.
tedious = boring
DefinitionGenerally tedious means:
boring — especially because something goes on too long or without variation
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.3
Web Links
zeal
1 use
She attacks each challenge with zeal.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
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