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Brave New World
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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adapt
2 uses
Ideas contained in passages for this test, some of which are excerpted or adapted from published material, do not necessarily represent the opinions of the College Board.
adapted = changed (to fit this situation)
DefinitionGenerally adapt means:
change to fit a different situation; or make suitable

or more rarely: to be especially well-suited or appropriate for something without the need to make a change
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
avert
11 uses
We are trying to avert a strike.
avert = prevent
DefinitionGenerally avert means:
prevent from happening

or:

turn away or aside — often to turn your eyes away from something
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
contrast
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
contrast their writing styles
Contrast winter in Panama with winter in Alaska.
contrast = point to differences between; or compare to show differences
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
defile
4 uses
They defiled the river by emptying raw sewage into it.
defiled = polluted
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defile means:
to dirty the beauty or purity of something
in various senses, including:
  • pollute a pristine lake
  • harm a reputation or good name
  • damage or disrespect something sacred
  • take a person's virginity in a disrespectful way
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
deride
8 uses
Critics derided her as unprofessional.
derided = laughed at or made fun of—while showing a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
embryo
35 uses
The doctor implanted multiple embryos to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
embryos = a human in the first eight weeks of development (prior to the fetal stage and then birth)

(editor's note:  A biology teacher will tell you that embryo describes the first eight weeks of human development prior to the fetal stage when organs have formed. But embryonic is also used to describe anything in the early stages of development, and Huxley uses embryo loosely to describe the developing human organism up until the time of birth.)
DefinitionGenerally embryo means:
an organism in the early stages of growth prior to birth, hatching, or sprouting; in humans the first eight weeks of development (prior to the fetal stage)
Word Statistics
Book35 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish that there is a need
The passage is primarily about establishing the relationship between the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperature.
establishing = showing or demonstrating
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
show or determine (cause to be recognized or figure out)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
Pictures of flooding help to illustrate the problem of global warming.
illustrate = make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
indefatigable
7 uses
She is an indefatigable fund raiser for the cause.
indefatigable = energetic without showing sign of tiring
DefinitionGenerally indefatigable means:
energetic without sign of tiring
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
profound
10 uses
1  —10 uses as in:
profound sadness
Her apology was heartfelt—expressing profound sorrow and regret.
profound = of greatest intensity or emotional depth
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
propaganda
10 uses
There is no free press in that country — just government-approved propaganda.
propaganda = one-sided information spread to influence opinions
DefinitionGenerally propaganda means:
one-sided information that is purposefully spread to influence opinions — often misleading information of a political nature
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
relevant
1 use
It is easier to learn things that seem relevant to your life.
relevant = related in a meaningful way to the issue in question
DefinitionGenerally relevant means:
relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
senile
5 uses
Her memory is getting worse and she's afraid of going senile.
senile = (into) mental weakness caused by old age
DefinitionGenerally senile means:
mental weakness caused by old age; or describing a medical condition as caused by old age
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
solidarity
13 uses
The incident threatens Arab solidarity.
solidarity = agreement and mutual support
DefinitionGenerally solidarity means:
a state of agreement and support — especially for political action
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
squalid
3 uses
She lives in a squalid overcrowded apartment in the poorest part of town.
squalid = dirty and unpleasant
DefinitionGenerally squalid means:
dirty and unpleasant; or (more rarely) immoral
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
surrogate
27 uses
The candidate stays positive by using surrogates to attack her opponent.
surrogates = people taking the place of another
DefinitionGenerally surrogate means:
someone (or something) taking the place of another
Word Statistics
Book27 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
synthetic
24 uses
The couch is covered with synthetic leather.
synthetic = artificial (man-made rather than natural)
DefinitionGenerally synthetic means:
artificial (man-made rather than natural); or not genuine
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
tone
32 uses
Which of the following words best maintains the tone established in this passage.
tone = general feeling
DefinitionGenerally this sense of tone means:
the general feeling, mood, or attitude of something — especially of something said or written
Word Statistics
Book32 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
will yield valuable data
The discovery could yield a more effective treatment for diabetes.
yield = produce (lead to)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
yield to pressure
The country vowed not to yield to pressure from its larger neighbors.
yield = give in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
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